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India-Pakistan Summit Ended Without Agreement

July 13, 2001 BBC

With just hours to go before Pakistan's military ruler General Pervez Musharraf travels to India for the summit, the country's top military commanders have endorsed their leader's aim of resolving the Kashmir conflict. In a statement the commander said that if India sincerely wanted to find a solution to the dispute then genuine progress could be made at the talks.

The two leaders will meet in India this weekend. The Kashmir dispute is top of the agenda. India claims the whole of Kashmir is in its territory. Pakistan contests the claim and wants a UN supervised poll to determine the wishes of local people.

The two countries are expected to discuss the military standoff on the Siachen Glacier in northern Kashmir, the world's highest battlefield. There'll also be talks on peace and security including confidence building measures on the use of nuclear weapons.


July 16, 2001, Morning BBC

This is BBC news. I am Debrah MacKenzie. The first talks in two years between the leaders of India and Pakistan have taken place in the Indian city of Agra. But even as the talks were taking place, at least 20 Kashmir separatists were killed in fighting with Indian troops.

In their first statements both sides described the meetings as "cordial" and "constructive." A later statement from the Pakistani delegation took issue with comments made by the Indian Information Minister Sushma Swaraj. She said that Sunday's talks touched on four subjects of interest to India but didn't mention the dispute over Kashmir, regarded by Pakistan as the main issue on the agenda.

This was billed as the day when the hard talking would begin. And India's Prime Minister and Pakistan's President made full use of their time. Their first meeting was far longer than anyone had predicted. There were further talks in the evening and a third round is expected. Few details were available about the substance of their discussions. An Indian spokeswoman said they were "cordial, frank and constructive." There was no word on whether any progress had been made on tackling the contentious issue of Kashmir.

General Musharraf and his wife took time off to visit the Taj Mahal for a carefully staged photo opportunity. It was a tranquil moment in a hectic three-day schedule. Later the governor of the state threw a banquet to welcome General Musharraf. It's an amazing turn-around for the man blamed by India for fighting in Kashmir that ended the last peace process two years ago.

There's a growing sense of anticipation here at the summit and relief that the talks are finally underway. But the Indian and Pakistani leaders have got this far before and the challenge will be to insure that this dialogue really continues.

Susannah Price, BBC News, Agra.


July 16, 2001, 21:00 BBC

Welcome to BBC World News I'm Lyse Doucet An historic summit between India and Pakistan has been extended because of difficulties in agreeing on a joint declaration. Indian and Pakistani leaders have held three days of talks in the Indian city of Agra. Their declaration is thought to contain plans about further talks on Kashmir. Well let's go now to our special studio in Agra to join my colleague Nik Gowing. Nik?

Nik: Lyse, we understand there is now a draft which is circulating. It's being looked at by the two foreign ministers and significantly according to sources it includes at this moment a phrase saying the "settlement of the Kashmir issue," not the "Kashmir dispute" the "Kashmir issue." This is on a day that we hear that 50 people insurgents and Indian soldiers have been killed in both Jammu and Kashmir.

But in return, India when they looked at the text said that there must be also another clause saying that violence must end, something they've been pushing for some time. And secondly they said the two sides must honor the Simla Agreement from 1972 and the Lahore Agreement from 1999.

Then when Pakistan saw what India wanted extra, they insisted there should be the right of self-determination in the Kashmir Valley. All of these are significant developments if confirmed in the final text. Well let's get the latest from Jill McGiverning.

For much of this summit the real substance has been hidden behind stage-managed photo calls including General Musharraf at the Taj Mahal. But on Monday he broke his silence reasserting his line that the bitter divide over Kashmir must be the main issue in dialogue.

Musharraf: Confidence building is solution of Kashmir. That is the biggest confidence building measure. That's the biggest CBM. Is a CBM possible that we're fighting just across the border and killing each other? And let's have CBM of opening the routes, trade, economy, culture, and working with each other. How can that be? Is this practical? May I ask you, is this really practical? I think it's just not practical. I can't live in this make-believe world. I can't live in this illusion.

But his type of rhetoric is unlikely to be music to the ears of India's Prime Minister. Both leaders are still exuding political willingness, but with little sign of movement in their positions it's hard to see quite how they're going to bridge the gap. The media is frantically trying to make sense of this latest move. This summit was launched in a blaze of expectation that's rapidly giving way to gloom. India's Prime Minister hasn't yet spoken and everyone here is counting down to the final statement trying to work out how these two countries can achieve a breakthrough when their positions still seem so far apart. Jill McGiverning, BBC News, Agra.


July 18, 2001 BBC

The Pakistan government says it's optimistic about the prospects of better relations with India despite the disappointing end to the summit in the Indian city of Agra. The talks collapsed over the disputed territory of Kashmir. Pakistani Foreign Minister Abdul Sattar said it was unfortunate that they failed to come to an agreement. But the two sides still share a common vision of peace, progress and prosperity. India has echoed Pakistan's optimistic tone saying summit cannot be seen as a failure.



Auspicious a. 吉利,幸运

Blaze n. 激发

Caravan n.车队

Fragile a.易碎的,脆弱

Frantically ad. 手忙脚乱地

Gloom n. 忧郁,愁闷

Hectic a. 闹哄哄的

Insurgent n. 暴动者,叛乱者

Spat n. 小争吵

Standoff n.冷淡

Substance n. 实质

Tackle v. 处理,解决

Transpire v. 被人知道,泄露

bridge the gap  消除隔阂

joint declaration    联合声明,联合宣言

make-believe 虚假,虚幻

music to somebody's ear 佳音,中听的话

right off the top 开始

stage-manage 精心安排,刻意安排

stick to  坚持,坚守

 Siachen Glacier: 锡亚琴冰川,在印巴控制区交界地区,地势在海拔5千5 百米以上,整个冰川绵延70多公里,是世界上最长的冰川之一。

 Taj Mahal: 泰姬陵。位于阿格拉城郊亚穆纳河南岸,是莫卧儿王朝第五代帝王沙·贾汗及其宠妃泰姬·玛哈尔的陵墓。玛哈尔生前备受宠幸,1631年去世,年仅38岁。沙·贾汗为寄托哀思,按照玛哈尔生前的请求,为她修建了这座全部用白色大理石建成的陵墓。主体建筑1632年动工,1648年完工,附属建筑1654年完工,耗时共22年。沙·贾汗死后合葬于此。

 Agra: 阿格拉,印度北方邦西南部朱木拿河南岸城市。历史上两度为莫卧儿帝国都城,是泰姬陵所在地,旅游业发达。

 Indian Information Minister: 印度新闻广播部长。此处是记者的失误,印度这个政府部门的正式名称是Indian Ministry of Information and Broadcasting,即新闻广播部。

 photo opportunity: 拍照机会。也称photo-op,指高级官员或政界候选人允许记者拍照但不行提问的时间,或者指为新闻媒体专门安排的场院景。

 Ajmer: 阿杰梅尔。印度西北部城市。

 Jammu: 查谟。位于克什米尔南部,有铁路通往印巴两国。

 Simla Agreement: 西姆拉协定。第三次印巴战争结束后,印巴两国在印度西北部城市西姆拉举行会谈,并于1972年7月3日签署了双边关系协定,又称“西姆拉协定”。协定指出:印巴两国部队“应当撤回到国际边界的各自一侧。”

 Lahore Agreement: 《拉合尔宣言》。1999年2月,印度总理瓦杰帕伊和巴基斯坦总理谢里夫在巴基斯坦第二大城市、旁遮普省首府签署了《拉合尔宣言》,双方表示要继续共同努力,解决两国间存在的包括查谟和克什米尔问题在内的所有悬而未决的问题。两国同意在互不干涉内政的基础上,进一步推动双边对话进程,以使双边谈判早日取得积极成果。







7月16日上午 BBC







7月16日     21:00  BBC










7月18日  BBC