旺旺首页 > 英语 > 专题英语 > 魏老师讲CNN英语 > CNN新闻英语 2004-3-3
更新时间:2004/3/4

EU imposes sanctions on U.S.
欧盟对美国进行制裁

Tuesday, March 2, 2004 Posted: 0355 GMT (11:55 AM HKT)

(CNN) -- The European Commission has launched retaliatory trade measures against the United States that will cost American companies hundreds of millions.
欧盟委员会对美国实施了报复性贸易标准,这将造成美国公司数十亿美元的损失。


The sanctions are intended to compensate European businesses for a U.S. tax break scheme for American exporters that was ruled illegal by the World Trade Organization (WTO) last year.


Monday was the deadline for Washington to eliminate the so-called Foreign Sales Corporation Scheme, which Europe believes grants U.S. exporters tax benefits, giving American companies an unfair advantage.
周一是美国收回其所谓的外贸配额,该计划使欧盟相信,美国出口关税优惠政策将使美国公司从中获得额外利益。


The U.S. Congress has made no move to roll back the scheme.
美国没有对此作出反应。


The EC's trade commission has signaled it initially will impose $200 million worth of sanctions, five percent of the total sanctions allowed, on U.S. goods from dairy and meat products to textiles.
欧盟贸易委员会初步计划实施20亿美元的制裁措施,其中5%为美国的奶制品、肉制品及纺织品。


The penalties will be imposed in a gradual tariff scheme, whereby there will be an additional custom duty of five percent on selected goods from March 1, 2004. The commission can then raise sanctions by one percent each month, until the U.S. Congress agrees to repeal the controversial legislation.

 

"The name of the game is not retaliation, it is compliance," a spokeswoman for European Trade Commissioner Pascal Lamy told Reuters. "The day the new measures are passed by the Congress, we will stop the sanctions."

The WTO has authorized the EC to seek up to $4 billion worth of sanctions from the United States over its illegal export tax break.
WTO授权欧盟对美国的非法出口关税政策进行价值40亿美元的制裁。


In early December, U.S. President George W. Bush bowed to international pressures by dropping U.S. steel tariffs, another trade dispute the EC took to the WTO.
早在12月份,美国总统乔治 W 布什迫于国际压力,将与欧盟之间的关于钢铁关税及其他的贸易争端提交至WTO.


The decision to drop the tariffs averted what was shaping up to be a trade war between the United States and Europe, as the EU had threatened over $2 billion in retaliatory sanctions.