当前位置:旺旺英语 -> 试听频道 -> 英语单词 -> 核心词汇 -> unit 2

jail [dZeil] n. 监狱, 看守所 vt. 监禁, 拘留 【同】goal; cell; confine 【例】There are not enough jails, not enough policemen, not enough courts to enforce a law not supported by the people. 再多的监狱、警察和法庭也不足以推行一项得不到人民支持的法律。
jam [dZ<m] n. 1.果酱2.拥挤, 堵塞3.卡住 vt. 1.将...塞进, 堵塞, 挤满2.使卡住3.干扰(广播等) vi. 1.挤入2.卡住 【同】crowd; throng; pack; compress 【例】Natives who beat drums to drive off evil spirits are objects of scorn to smart American motorists who blow horns to break up traffic. 有些时髦的美国驾车者通过按响汽车喇叭以解除交通堵塞,而这些美国人却藐视那些击鼓驱邪的土著人。He spread some apple jam on the bread. 他在面包上涂上苹果酱。Traffic jams in the town happen everyday. 城里的交通天天堵塞。The holiday traffic is jamming the roads. 假日的车辆堵塞了交通。The government tried to jam the guerrillas' telecommunication. 政府设法干扰游击队的无线电通讯。
jar [dZA:] n. 罐子, 广口瓶 v. 1.(使)感到不快, 刺激(神经等)2.震动, 摇动 【例】How much is a jar of peanut butter?一瓶花生酱多少钱? The iron gate jarred when he opened it. 他开门时,铁门发出刺耳的嘎嘎声。Their opinion jarred with ours. 他们的意见与我们不一致。
jargon ['dZA:gKn] n. 术语, 行话
jaw [dZO:] n. 颌, 颚 【例】On hearing the news, his jaw dropped. 听到这个消息,他惊讶得张口结舌。
jazz [dZ<z] n. 爵士乐
jealous ['dZelKs] a. 1.妒忌的, 猜忌的2.精心守护的 【同】envious; resentful 【例】He that is not jealous is not in love. 不忌妒的就不是爱。They may feel jealous of his success. 他们也许妒嫉他的成功。
jet [dZet] n. 1.喷气式飞机, 喷气式发动机2.喷嘴, 喷射口3.喷射, 喷流 vi. 乘喷气式飞机 【例】He left on the jet plane. 他坐飞机离开了。He cut his wrist so badly that jets of blood spurted out. 他的手腕割伤得很厉害,血阵阵涌出。
jewellry ['dZu:Klri] n. (=jewelry)珠宝(总称)
jog [dZOg] n. 1.慢跑2.(尤指不正当地)轻轻碰撞(或推搡) 【例】He goes jogging every night. 他每晚慢跑。The wagon jogged along on the rough road. 马车沿着崎岖不平的道路颠簸前行。You jogged my elbow and spoiled what I was drawing. 你撞到了我的手肘,弄坏了我正在画的图画。
jolly ['dZOli] a. 快乐的, 高兴的, 愉快的 ad. 很, 非常 vt. 劝服, 哄 【例】Your mother is a jolly, easy-going woman. 你妈妈是个乐呵呵的容易相处的人。He is a jolly good man. 他是一个大好人。It's time we jolly them up. 是给他们鼓劲的时候了。
journal ['dZK:nl] n. 1.杂志, 期刊, 日报2.日志, 日记 【例】He subscribed to a journal this year. 今年他订了一份期刊。
junction ['dZVNkSn] n. 联结点, (道路等的)会合点, 枢纽 【同】reunion; crossroads; joint 【例】The accident happened at one of the country's busiest railway junctions. 事故发生在该国一个极繁忙的铁路交叉点处。They decided to effect a junction of two armies. 他们决定两军会师。
junior ['dZu:niK] a. 1.年少的, 较年幼的2.资历较浅的, 地位较低的 n. 1.年少者2.地位较低者, 晚辈3.(美国中学或大学的)三年级学生 【例】He is studying at a junior middle school. 他正在上初中。
jury ['dZuKri] n. 1.陪审团2.(竞赛或展览的)评判委员会 【同】council; committee; board 【例】A jury consists of twelve persons chosen to decide who has the better way. 陪审团由12个人组成,他们被选来认定哪一方的律师更高明。The jury found the prisoner not guilty. 陪审团认定该囚犯无罪。
justify ['dZVstifai] vt. 证明...正当(或有理), 为...辩护 【同】plead; explain; prove 【例】Work isn’t to make money; you work to justify life. 工作不是为了挣钱,工作是为证明生活值得。Can you justify your action? 你能证明你的行为是正当的吗? Nothing can justify your cheating on an exam. 任何事情都不能成为你考试作弊的理由。The policeman was justified in shooting the criminal in self-defence. 那个警察出于自卫枪击罪犯是正当防卫。
keen [ki:n] a. 1.(on)热心的, 渴望的2.敏锐的, 敏捷的3.激烈的, 强烈的4.锋利的, 刺人的 【同】sharp; intelligent; intense; observant 【例】A desire to be observed, considered, esteemed, praised, beloved, and admired by his fellows is one of the earliest as well as the keenest dispositions discovered in the heart of man. 想得到同伴们的关注、重视、尊敬、赞扬、喜爱和倾慕,这是在人们心中发现的不仅最迫切也最久远的本性。That is a keen football match. 那是一场激烈的足球比赛。The razor has a very keen edge. 这把剃刀有锋利的口。
kerosene ['kerKsi:n] n.煤油 【例】There was a kerosene lamp on the table. 桌子上有一盏煤油灯。
kettle ['ketl] n. 水壶 【例】A watched kettle never boils. 心急也没用。
keyboard ['ki:bO:d] n. 键盘
kidnap ['kidn<p] vt. 绑架, 诱拐
kidney ['kidni] n. 肾, 肾脏 【例】Each man has a pair of kidneys. 每个人有一对肾脏。
kilo ['ki:lKu] n. 千克, 公斤
kilowatt ['kilKwOt] n.千瓦(特)
kindergarten ['kindKgA:tn] n. 幼儿园 【例】There are many children in the kindergarten. 那个幼儿园里的孩子很多。It is noisy in the kindergarten. 幼儿园里很嘈杂。
kneel [ni:l] vi. 跪 【例】She knelt down to pray. 她跪下祈祷。
knit [nit] vt. 1.编结, 编织2.使紧密地结合, 使紧凑3.皱紧, 皱(眉) vi. 1.编结, 编织2.(折骨)愈合 【例】She often knits while watching TV. 她常常一边看电视一边织毛衣。
knob [nOb] n. 1.(门、抽屉的)球形把手, 球形柄2.(收音机等的)旋钮3.小块 【同】lump; handle 【例】The knob of this door is dirty. 门上的圆形把手很脏。You may turn the right knob on the TV to switch it on. 你可以拧电视上右边的旋钮把它打开。
knot [nOt] n. 1.(绳等的)结2.(木材上的)节疤3.(航速单位)节 vt. 把...打成结, 把...结牢 【同】loop; inter-twist; inter-lace 【例】Please tie the two ropes together with a secure knot. 请打个结实的结把这两条绳子系在一起。There is a knot in the board. 这块木板上有个结。He knotted a towel about his neck. 他把毛巾系在脖子上。
label ['leibl] n. 1.标签, 标记2.称号 vt. 1.贴标签于2.把...称为 【同】tag; marker 【例】Don’t rely too much on fables, for too often they are fables. 不要太多地依靠标签,因为它们太的经常属于谎言。Have you attached labels to the luggage? 你给行李系上标签了吗? He has been given a label of playboy by his friends. 他的朋友给他起了一个花花公子的绰号。
lag [l<g] vi. 走得慢, 落后 n. 滞后, (时间上的)间隔 【同】linger; delay; retard 【例】Truth always lags behind, limping along the arm of Time. 真理扶着时间的臂膀蹒蹦而行,总是落在后面。Interest lags in such matters. 对这类事情的兴趣慢慢减少了。There was a long lag in forwarding mail to us. 转寄给我们的邮件晚了很久才拿到。
landing ['l<ndiN] n.上岸,登陆,着陆
landlady ['l<ndleidi] n.女房东;女地主
landlord ['l<ndlO:d] n. 地主, 房东, (旅店)店主 【例】It's a nice pub, except for the landlord. 酒店很不错,但是那店主却不怎么样。
lane [lein] n. 1.(乡间)小路, 小巷2.车道, 跑道, 泳道3.航道, 航线 【例】That lane will take you to his house. 你从那条小巷就可以走到他家。
lantern ['l<ntKn] n. 灯笼, 提灯 【例】The Chinese palace lanterns are famous for their delicacy. 中国的宫灯以精巧闻名。
largely ['lA:dZli] ad. 大部分, 主要地 【同】chiefly; principally; mainly; roughly 【例】Journalism largely consists in saying “Lord Jones Dead” to people who never knew that Lords Jones was alive. 新闻报道主要是告诉人们琼斯老爷去世了,而他们根本就不知道琼斯老爷在世过。His successes were largely due to luck. 他的成功主要靠运气。His eight sons largely inherited his fortune. 他的八个儿子继承了他的大部分遗产。
lark [lA:k] n. 玩笑,嬉耍 【例】He only said it for a lark. 他只是说着玩而已。She rose with the lark. 她一大早就起床了。
laser ['leizK] n. 激光 【例】Lasers can be used to perform operations nowadays. 现在激光可以用来做手术。
lateral ['l<tKrKl] adj.横向的,侧向的 【同】sidelong; side by side 【例】A lateral move that hurt my pride and blocked my professional progress prompted me to abandon my relatively high profile career. 一个平级调动伤害了我的自尊心,阻碍了我的事业,迫使我放弃了社会地位较高的职业。
latitude ['l<titju:d] n. 1.纬度2.[pl.] 纬度地区3.(言语、行动等的)回旋余地, 自由 【同】distance north or south of the equator 【例】Nothing makes the earth seem so spacious as to have friends at a distance; they make latitudes and longitudes. 没有什么比得上有朋在远方更使地球显得如此巨大,因为朋友构成了纬度和经度。The latitude of the island is 30 degrees north. 这个岛的纬度是北纬三十度。The new law allows firms a lot less latitude than before in fixing the price of their goods. 新法律在允许各商行给产品定价的自由上比以前少得多了。
laundry ['lO:ndri] n. 1.洗衣店, 洗衣房2.洗好的衣服, 待洗的衣服 【同】ironing; washing; clothes 【例】Give me a laundry list and I’ll set it to music. 把送洗衣物清单给我,我会把它谱成曲子。Has the laundry come back yet? 洗的衣服送回来了吗?
lavatory ['l<vKtri] n. 厕所, 盥洗室
layer ['leiK] n. 层, 层次 【同】story; zone; stripe 【例】The surface of American society is covered with a layer of democratic paint, but from time to time one can see the old aristocratic colors breaking through. 美国社会的表面涂着一层民主的油漆,但人们不时可以看到昔日贵族政治的色彩露出来。There are several layers of meaning. 有几层不同的含意。Her husband is a brick layer. 她丈夫是个砌砖匠。
layout ['leiaut] n. 布局,安排,设计 【同】arrangement; design; organization 【例】A magazine’s attractive new page layout is very important. 杂志醒目新颖的版面编排非常重要。
leading ['lediN] a. 1.最重要的, 主要的2.首位的, 带头的, 领衔的
leaflet ['li:flit] n. 传单, 散页印刷品, 小册子 v. (向...)散发传单(或小册子) 【例】I pick up a leaflet about the care of teeth. 我拿起一张宣传保护牙齿的传单。They distributed leaflets to customers. 他们给客户散发传单。
leak [li:k] v. 1.(使)漏, (使)渗出2.泄露, 走漏 n. 1.漏洞, 裂缝2.泄漏, 漏出量3.(消息等的)走漏 【同】drip; flow; split 【例】A small leak will sink a great ship. 小小的漏洞会使一条大船沉没。There is a leak in the roof. 屋顶有一个漏洞。Can you smell a gas leak? 你能闻到煤气漏气吗? Who leaked the news to the press? 谁将新闻泄露给新闻界的?
leakage ['li:kidZ] n.漏,泄漏;漏出物
learned ['lK:nid] a. 1.有学问的, 博学的2.学术的
learning ['lK:niN] n. 知识, 学问
legal ['li:gl] a. 1.法律(上)的2.合法的, 法定的 【例】He is the only legal heir of the rich man. 他是这位富翁的唯一法定继承人。
legend ['ledZKnd] n. 1.传说, 传奇故事2.传奇人物 【同】fold; myth; story 【例】Silence makes legend. 沉默造成传奇。The musician made the legend into a beautiful ballad. 这位音乐家把传说编成了一首美丽的民谣。He is a legend in his lifetime for his scientific discoveries. 他的科学发现使他一生成为传奇人物。
lemon ['lemKn] n. 1.柠檬(树)2.柠檬黄, 淡黄色 【例】There is a lemon tree in our garden. 我们的花园里有一棵柠檬树。
lessen ['lesn] vt.减少 vi.变少 【同】diminish; decrease; reduce 【例】Love lessens a woman’s delicacy and increases man’s. 恋爱减少女子的矜持而增加男子的斯文。The pain was already lessening. 疼痛已在减轻。
lesser ['lesK] a. 较小的,次要的 【例】This is the lesser evil of the two. 这是两种弊病中较轻的。He is stubborn, and so is she, but to a lesser degree. 他很固执,她也固执,不过程度轻些。
lest [lest] conj. 唯恐, 免得 【例】They spoke in whispers lest they should be heard. 他们低声说话,唯恐被别人听见。
lever ['li:vK] n. 1.杠, 杠杆2.途径, 工具手段vt. (用杠杆)撬动, 撬起 【同】tool; lifting arm; lifter 【例】Intelligence and wisdom is the lever propping up the society. 聪明才智是支撑社会的杠杆。Move this lever to change gear. 换档时扳动这根操纵杆。This latest incident may be the lever needed to change government policy. 最近的事件或许可以作为迫使政府改变政策 所需的手段。
liability [,laiK'biliti] n. 1.责任2.[pl.] 负债, 债务3.不利条件, 起妨碍作用的人(或物) 【同】obligation; responsibility; debt 【例】Don’t admit liability for the accident. 不要承认对事故有责任。Taking extra vitamins may reduce your liability to colds. 多吃一些维生素会减少你得感冒的可能性。If your liabilities exceed your assets, you may go bankrupt. 如果你所负的债超过你的资产,你就会破 产。The judge exempted them from all liability in these matters. 法官免除了他们在这些事上的所有责任和义务。
liable ['laiKbl] a. 1.(to)可能的, 大概的2.(for)有法律责任的, 有义务的3.(to)易于...的, 有...倾向的, 易患...病的 【同】answerable; subject; responsible 【例】Under the influence either of poverty or of wealth workmen and their work are equally liable to degenerate. 工匠及其工作无论受到贫困还是财富影响。都同样易于退化。Every man is liable to error. 人人都可能犯错误。He was not liable for his son's debts. 他对自己儿子的债务没有责任偿还。
liberal ['libKrKl] a. 1.心胸宽阔的, 开明的2.自由的, 不受约束的3.(指政治观点上的)自由主义4.慷慨的, 大方的 【同】unselfish; generous; plentiful 【例】The only sure weapon against bad ideas is better ideas. The source of better ideas is wisdom. The surest path to wisdom is a liberal education. 对付糟糕的主意惟一有效的武器是高明一些的主意。高明些的主意是来源是智慧。通向智慧的最可靠道路是强调广泛基础知识的大学教育。He returned from abroad with very liberal ideas. 他带着非常开明的思想从国外回来了。He is liberal with his money. 他用钱慷慨。There was a liberal supply of drinks at the party. 那次宴会上有大量饮料供应。
licence ['laisns] n. 1.许可证, 执照2.许可, 特许
lick [lik] vt. 1.舔, 舔吃2.打败, 克服3.(波浪)轻拍, (火焰)吞卷 n. 1.舔2.少量, 少许 【例】The kitty licked up the milk. 小猫舔光了牛奶。
lighten ['laitn] vt.照亮,使明亮 【例】Her heart lightened when she heard the news. 听到这消息,她轻松了。A solitary candle lightened the darkness of the room. 一支孤烛使黑暗的房间亮了起来。
lighter ['laitK] n.打火机,引燃器 【例】He asked me if I had a cigarette lighter with me. 他问我身上是否带着打火机。
lightly ['laitli] ad.轻轻地,轻松地 【例】He pressed lightly on the handle. 他轻轻按下手柄。You shouldn't take the matter lightly. 你不应对此事掉以轻心。
likelihood ['laiklihud] n. 可能, 可能性 【同】possibility; probability 【例】In a likelihood the meeting will be cancelled. 会议十之八九要取消。
likely ['laikli] a. 1.可能的, 有希望的2.适合的 ad. 可能 【例】I'm likely to be very busy tomorrow. 明天我可能很忙。They'll very likely ask for an increase in the budget. 他们很可能会要求增加预算。
likewise ['laikwaiz] ad. 1.同样地, 照样地2.也, 又 【例】Watch him and do likewise. 注意看着他然后照样做。
lime [laim] n.石灰 【例】He added some water into the lime. 他往石灰里加了些水。
limestone ['laimstKun] n.石灰石 【例】We may burn limestone to obtain lime. 我们可以通过烧石灰石来得到石灰。
limitation [,limi'teiSn] n. 1.限制, 限度2.[常pl.] 局限 【同】restriction; prevention; restraint 【例】Genius may have its limitation, but stupidity is not thus handicapped. 天才可能有其局限,愚蠢则不受此类妨碍。The government has imposed limitation on imports. 政府已经对进口加以了限制。
limited ['limitid] a. 有限的
linger ['liNgK] vi. 1.(因不愿离开而)继续逗留, 留恋徘徊2.(on)继续存留, 缓慢消失 【同】go reluctantly; go slowly 【例】Winter lingered so long in the lap of Spring that it occasioned a great deal of talk. 冬天如此地赖在春天的膝上迟迟不去,惹起了多少人议论纷纷。He lingered outside the school after everybody else had gone home. 别人回家后,他仍在学校外面徘徊。The beautiful melody is lingering in my mind. 美妙的音乐在我心中回荡。
link [liNk] v. 连接, 联系 n. 环节, 联系, 纽带 【例】The road links all the new towns. 这条路把所有的新城镇都连接起来了。Is there a link between smoking and lung disease? 吸烟与肺部疾病之间有关系吗?
literally ['litKrKli] n. 1.逐字地, 照原文, 照字面地2.确实地, 真正地3.简直
literary ['litKrKri] a. 1.文学(上)的2.文人, 书卷气的 【同】bookish; learned 【例】He had a literary taste and was well read in science. 他有文学爱好,也熟谙科学。
litre ['li:tK] n. 升
liver ['livK] n. 肝 【例】The doctor says it's just a touch of liver. 医生说肝脏稍有些毛病。
living-room ['liviN-ru:m] n. 起居室, 客厅
loaf [lKuf] n. (一个)面包 vi. 游荡, 闲逛 【例】He bought a loaf of bread. 他买了一大块奶酪。We loafed for hours in the park. 我们在公园里闲逛了几个小时。Don't loaf away your time. 别浪费你的时间。
lobby ['lObi] n. 1.(旅馆、戏院等的)大厅, 休息室2.院外活动集团 v. 向(议员等)进行游说(或疏通) 【例】The anti-nuclear lobby is becoming stronger. 向议员游说的反核群众声势渐强。I waited for her in the lobby of theatre yesterday. 昨天我在戏院的大厅等她。
locality [lKu'k<liti] n. 地区, 地点 【例】There are several supermarkets in the locality. 这个地区有好几家超市。
locate [lKu'keit] vt. 1.探明, 找出2.把...设置在, 使坐落于 【同】find; discover; settle 【例】A crisis is an international incident that lasts long enough for us to locate it on the map. 危机就是延续足以让我们在地图上找到它的国际事件。The company wished to locate its new factory beside the river. 这家公司希望把新工厂设在河边。After he retires he's going to locate in California. 他打算退休后到加里弗尼亚定居。
location [lKu'keiSn] n. 1.位置, 场所2.(电影的)外景拍摄地 【例】The town is a good location for a young doctor. 这个小镇很适宜于一位青年医生安家。
locker ['lOkK] n. 公共场所供个人使用的)寄物柜
locomotive [,lKukK'mKutiv] n. 机车 【例】He is a locomotive engineer. 他是一名火车司机。The steam locomotives were superseded by diesel units. 蒸汽机车已被柴油内燃机车所取代。
lodging ['lOdZiN] n.寄宿,住宿;住所 【例】Where can we find lodgings for the night? 我们今天在哪找寄宿处?
logic ['lOdZik] n. 逻辑(学), 逻辑性 【例】I didn't follow her logic. 我不理解她的逻辑。There's no logic in spending money on things you don't need. 把钱花在不需要的东西上是没有道理的。
longing ['lONiN] n.渴望,思慕 【同】appetite; desire; lust; wish 【例】With pleasure drugged, he almost longed for woe. 对欢乐业已麻木他几乎是渴望着痛苦。
longitude ['lOndZitju:d] n. 经度 【例】The town is at longitude 24 degrees east. 这个镇位于东经二十四度。
loosely ['lu:sli] ad.松松地,松散地
loudspeaker [laud'spi:kK] n.扬声器, 喇叭 【例】The police addressed the crowd through a loudspeaker on their car. 警察通过他们汽车上的喇叭向人群喊话。
lounge [laundZ] n.休息厅, 休息室 vt. 1. (懒洋洋地)倚,(懒散地)躺2.闲逛,闲荡 【例】She is waiting for me in the departure lounge. 她在候机室等我。Don't lounge around all day: do something! 别整天闲逛,做点事情吧!
loyalty ['lOiKlti] n.忠诚,忠心 【同】faithfulness; devotion; obedience 【例】Loyalty is what we seek in friendship. 我们在友谊中寻求的是忠诚。Once he took the vow his loyalty never wavered. 他一旦宣了誓,他就一直忠贞不渝。
lubricate ['lu:brikeit] vt. 使润滑 【同】grease; oil 【例】The engine should be lubricated before being ignited. 点火前应该给机器上油。
lunar ['lu:nK] a. 月的, 月球的 【例】It was reported that there would be a lunar eclipse tomorrow evening. 据报道说,明天晚上有月食。
luxury ['lVkSKri] n.1.奢侈, 华贵2.奢侈品 【同】indulgence; excess; enjoyment 【例】Pessimism is a luxury that a Jew can never allow himself. 悲观是犹太人绝对不允许自己享有一种奢侈。She has lived in luxury all her life. 她一生生活奢侈。A long hot bath can be pure luxury. 洗个痛快的热水澡可真是一种至高的享受。
macroscopic [,m<krK'skOpik] a. 肉眼可见的
magnet ['m<gnit] n.1.磁铁, 磁体2.有吸引力的人(或事物) 【例】Forbidden City is a great magnet for foreign tourists. 紫禁城对外国旅游者来说是个有巨大吸引力 的地方。
magnetic [m<g'netik] a. 1.磁的, 有磁性的2.有吸引力的, 有魅力的 【同】influential; charming; attractive 【例】Listening is a magnetic and strange thing, a creative force. The friends who listen to us are the ones we move toward, and we want to sit in their radius. When we are listened to, it creates us, makes us unfold and expand. 倾听是有吸引力的奇异现象,是引发的力量。能够倾听的朋友是我们所追求的,我们愿意处于他们的倾听范围之内。得到倾听的时候,它引发我们,使我们展并张大。The loop becomes magnetic when the current is switched on. 通电时线圈就会有磁性。She has a magnetic personality. 她具有极具吸引力的性格。
magnetism ['m<gnitizKm] n.磁;魅力;催眠术 【例】He persuaded them to join him by the sheer magnetism of his personality. 他完全是靠个人的魅力,说服他们和他在一起干。
magnificent [m<g'nifisnt] a. 1.壮丽的, 宏伟的2.豪华的, 华丽的3.极好的 【例】What a magnificent future! 多么美好的未来啊! These magnificent palaces impressed the foreigners deeply. 这些宏伟的宫殿给外宾们留下了深刻的印象。
magnify ['m<gnifai] vt. 1.放大, 扩大2.夸大, 夸张 【同】enlarge; amplify; exaggerate 【例】Mystery magnifies danger as the fog the sun. 神秘放大危险,犹如雾气放大太阳。The microscope magnified the object 100 times. 这台显微镜将物体放大了100倍。
magnitude ['m<gnitju:d] n.1.重要性, 重大2.巨大, 广大 【例】The magnitude of the epidemic was frightening. 这种流行病传播范围之广令人惶惶不安。You haven't realized the magnitude of her achievement. 你没有认识到她这一成就的重大意义。
mainland ['meinl<nd] n.大陆 【例】There are many interested animals in the mainland. 在这块大陆上有很多有趣的动物。
maintenance ['meintKnKns] n.1.维修, 保养2.扶养费3.维持, 保持 【同】preservation; support; sustaining 【例】He’s taking classes in car maintenance. 他正在上汽车修理课。He's taking classes in car maintenance. 他正在上汽车维修课。He had to work hard for the maintenance of his family. 他为了养家不得不去拼命工作。
make-up ['meik-Vp] n. 组织;性格;化装品;捏造
male [meil] a. 男(性)的, 雄的 n.男子, 雄性动物, 雄性植物 【例】This flower is a male flower. 这朵花是雄花。The male is physically stronger than the female. 男性在身体上要比女性强壮。The male hunts for food while his mate guards the nest. 雌性动物守巢时,雄性动物猎食。
malfunction [,m<l'fVNkSn] n. 故障
maltreat [,m<l'tri:t] v. 虐待
manifest ['m<nifest] a. 明显的, 显然的, 明了的 vt. 1.显示, 表明, 证明2.使显现, 使显露 【同】display; exhibit; reveal; expose 【例】No amount of manifest absurdity … could deter those who wanted to believe from believing. 无论明显的荒唐有多大……都无法阻止那些由于相信而相信的人。His generosity manifests itself in times of need. 他的慷慨在困境中表现了出来。It manifested itself to all of us. 那对我们大家来说是显而易见的。
manipulate [mK'nipjuleit] vt. 1.操纵, 控制, 影响2.(熟练地)操作, 使用 【同】handle; shape; plan; manage 【例】We must not try to life; rather we must find out what life demands of us, and train ourselves to fulfill these demands. It is a long and humble business. 我们不可试图操纵人生,而是必须弄清人生对我们的要求,训练自己满足这些要求。这是一项长期而卑下的任务。
manly ['m<nli] a.男子气概的,果断的 【例】He looks very manly in his uniform. 他穿着制服十分精神。
manual ['m<njuKl] a. 用手的, 手工做的 n.手册, 指南 【同】by hand; handout 【例】To read the Bible as literature is like reading Moby Dick as a whaling manual or the Gettysburg Address for its punctuation. 把《圣经》当成文学作品来读,犹如将《白鲸》当成捕鲸手册看或为了学习标点法而读葛底斯堡演说。Making small models requires manual skill. 制作小模型要手巧。A maintenance manual gives diagrams and instructions for repairing your car. 维修手册向您提供修理汽车所需的图表和说明。
manuscript ['m<njuskript] n.1.手稿, 原稿, 底稿2.手写本 【同】composition; writing; original 【例】Manuscript is something submitted in haste and returned at leisure. 手稿就是交稿时十分火急、归还慢条斯理的东西。I read his novel in manuscript. 我看过他小说的手稿。
marginal ['mA:dZinl] a. 1.微小的, 少量的, 不重要的2.仅以微弱多数票获胜的3.记(或印)在页边的, 有旁注的 【同】rimming; edging; verging 【例】There are lots of marginal notes in this book. 这本书里有很多页边注解。
marine [mK'ri:n] n.海军陆战队士兵a. 1.海(洋)的, 海生的, 海产的2.海军的3.海事的, 海运的 【同】maritime; oceanic 【例】He is a marine painter. 他是位海景画家。The rocks are covered by marine plants. 岩石被海生植物所覆盖。
married ['m<rid] a. 已婚的, 婚姻的
marvellous ['mA:vKlKs] a. 奇迹般的, 惊人的, 了不起的 【例】Their performance was marvellous. 他们的演出太精彩了。
mask [mA:sk] n.1.面具, 面罩, 口罩2.假面具, 伪装 vt. 1.用面具遮住, 遮盖2.掩饰, 掩盖 【同】disguise; protection; hide 【例】Pride is the mask of one’s own faults. 骄傲是人自身错误的面具。They did so under the mask of charity. 他们是打着慈善的幌子这么做的。Her smile masked true feelings. 她的微笑掩饰了她的感情。
massive ['m<siv] a. 1.大的, 大而重的, 大块的2.大量的, 大规模的 【同】huge; heavy; extensive; large 【例】So massive was the effort to found the Roman nation. 建立罗马国家的工作是如此巨大。The soldier suffered a massive hemorrhage and died soon after. 那个战士经受了大量出血的痛苦,不久便去世了。
masterpiece ['mA:stKpi:s] n.杰作 【同】perfection; model; standard 【例】When love and skill work together, expect a masterpiece. 当热爱和技艺一起工作时,一件杰作就在预期之中。This book is his masterpiece. 这本书是他的杰作。
materialism [mK'tiKriKlizKm] n.唯物主义
mathematical [,m<TK'm<tikl] a. 数学(上)的 【例】He is a mathematical genius. 他是一个数学天才。It's a mathematical certainty. 这事绝对肯定。
mature [mK'tjuK] a. 1.熟的, 成熟的2.成年人的3.深思熟虑的, 慎重的4.(票据等)到期的, 应支付的 v. (使)成熟, (使)长成 【同】ripen; evolve; grow 【例】Love is quiet understanding and the mature acceptance of imperfection. 爱情是静静的理解和对不足之处的成熟接受。His character has greatly matured in the years. 这些年他的性格已大大成熟。She matured her novel by constant revision. 她不断修改自己的小说以使其趋于完善。
maximum ['m<ksimKm] a. 最高的, 最大的, 顶点的 n.最大限度, 最大量, 顶点 【同】supreme; highest; greatest 【例】Marriage is popular because it combines the maximum of temptation with the maximum of opportunity. 婚姻之所流行,是由于它将最大限度诱惑与最大限度相遇结合在一起。最大的危险包含着的最大的希望。This hall holds a maximum of seventy people. 这厅最多容纳七十人。The maximum temperature in July may be 36℃. 七月份最高温度可能达到36摄氏度。The maximum load for this lorry is one ton. 这辆卡车最大载重量是一吨。
means [mi:nz] n.1.方法, 手段, 工具2.金钱, 财产
meantime ['mi:ntaim] n.其时, 其间 【例】You buy the fruits, in the meantime I'll cook breakfast. 你去买水果,同时我来做早餐。
measurable ['meZKrKbl] a.可测量的
mechanic [mi'k<nik] n.1.技工, 机修工2.[-s] 力学, 机械学3.[pl.] (制作或操作的)过程, 方法, 技术性细节 【例】That young man is a motor mechanic. 那个年轻人是一个汽车修理工。He has natural ability, but has yet to learn the mechanics of his chosen work. 他很有天分,但对选择的工作该怎样处理,他仍得好好学习。He failed in the examination of mechanics. 他没通过力学考试。
mechanical [mi'k<nikl] a. 1.机械的, 机械制造的2.机械学的, 力学的3.机械似的, 呆板的 【例】He was asked the same question so many times that the answer became mechanical. 同样的问题人们向他问得太多了,所以他的答案也是千篇一律。We need a mechanical digger to level the ground. 我们需要一台挖掘机来平整土地。
mechanics [mi'k<niks] n.力学;技术性细节
media ['mi:diK] n.新闻媒介, 传播媒介
melon ['melKn] n.瓜, 甜瓜 【例】He picked a melon from the field. 他从地里摘了一个甜瓜。
membership ['membKSip] n.1.会员身份(或资格、地位), 会籍2.全体会员, 会员数 【例】I must renew my membership of the sailing club. 我必须延续我的航海俱乐部会员资格。We are trying to increase our membership. 我们正准备增收会员。
memorial [mi'mO:riKl] a. 纪念的, 悼念的 n.纪念碑, 纪念堂, 纪念仪式 【同】monument; ceremony; celebration 【例】Our sweetest memorial is the first kiss of love. 我们最早甜蜜的纪念是恋爱时的第一个吻。He was often seen at funerals and memorials. 人们经常在葬礼和追悼会上见到他。
merchandise ['mK:tSKndaiz] n.[总称] 商品, 货物 vt. 买卖, 经营 【同】goods; commodity 【例】Some merchandise is displayed in the shop window. 一些商品陈列在商店橱窗里。Their merchandise is of high quality. 他们的货物质量很好。
merciful ['mK:sifKl] adj.仁慈的,宽大的 【例】The merciful king saved him from death. 仁慈的国王免他一死。
mercury ['mK:kjuri] n.水银, 汞 【例】The mercury is rising. 温度正在上升。He has no mercury in him. 他没有精神。
merit ['merit] n.1.长处, 优点, 价值2.功绩, 功劳, 成绩 vt. 值得, 应受 【同】be worth; warrant; justify; credit; value 【例】Friendship is really the most sacred, which merits only special worship but also eternal praise. 友谊实在是最神圣的东西,不仅值得特别尊敬,而且值得永远赞颂。There is little merit in passing the examination if you cheated. 如果你作弊,考试及格也没什么价值。
mess [mes] n.1.凌乱状态, 脏乱2.混乱的局面, 困境 vt. 弄糟, 弄脏, 搞乱 【同】mixture; combination; compound 【例】The local economy is now in a mess. 当地的经济现在很混乱。Who messed up my papers? 谁把我的文件搞得乱七八糟? Stop messing about my work! 别再妨碍我工作! Success is relative. It is what we can make of the mess we have made of things. 成功是相对的:它是我们把事情弄得一团糟之后所能收拾出来的结局。
metric ['metrik] a. 公制的, 米制的 【例】Most countries adopt metric system. 大多数国家采用米制。
mice [mais] n. [pl.] 鼠
microcomputer ['maikrKkKmp'ju:tK] n. 微型计算机
microphone ['maikrKfKun] n.扩音器, 麦克风, 话筒 【例】The lecturer speaks through a microphone. 演讲者通过麦克风说话。
microprocessor ['maikrKprKu'sesK] n.微处理机
microscopic [,maikrK'skOpik] a.显微镜的,微观的 【例】We can't see microscopic creature with naked eyes. 我们不能用肉眼看到微生物。The doctor had a microscopic examination of traces of blood. 医生用显微镜作了血迹检查。
microwave ['maikrKuweiv] n. 微波
midst [midst] n.中部, 中间, 当中
migrate [mai'greit] vi. 1.(候鸟等)迁徙, 移栖2.移居(尤指移居国外), 迁移 【同】move; emigrate; immigrate 【例】These birds migrate to North Africa in winter. 这些鸟冬天迁移到北非。Some tribes migrate with their cattle in search of fresh grass. 有些部落为了寻找新鲜的牧草而带着他们的 牲畜迁移。
milky ['milki] a.牛奶的;乳白色的 【例】I like my coffee milky. 我喜欢喝有牛奶的咖啡。
millimetre ['milimi:tK] n.毫米
miniature ['minKtSK] a. 小型的, 微小的 n.1.微小的模型, 缩影2.微型画, 微型人物像 【同】tiny; small-scale; diminutive 【例】A day is the miniature of eternity. 一天是永恒的缩影。He showed me the miniature of the mansion. 他给我显示了大厦的模型。He owns a detailed miniature of the Titanic. 他有一艘泰坦尼克号的精致小模型。She is just like her mother in miniature. 她简直是她母亲的缩影。I drank a miniature bottle of brandy last night. 我昨晚喝了一小瓶白兰地。
minimize ['minimaiz] vt. 1.使减少(或缩小)到最低限度2.极力贬低, 对...作最低估计 【同】lessen; reduce; decrease 【例】To minimize the risk of burglary, install a good alarm system. 安装可靠的报警设备以减低被盗的风险。
minimum ['minimKm] a. 最低的, 最小的 n.最低限度, 最少量 【例】20p is the minimum fare on buses. 公共汽车的票价最低是20便士。Repairing your car will cost a minimum of 100 dollars. 修理你的汽车最低限度要100美元。The class needs a minimum of 6 pupils to continue. 这个班最低限度要六个学生才可以继续办下去。
ministry ['ministri] n.(政府的)部 【例】The army, navy and airforce are all controlled by the Ministry of Defense. 陆海空军皆由国防部控制。
minor ['mainK] a. 1.较小的, 较少的2.次要的 n.1.未成年人2.副修科目 vi. (in)(大学中)副修 【例】I made minor alterations to the article. 我对这篇文章作了小规模的修改。She acted as a minor role in the play. 她在剧中扮演了一个次要的角色。
minority [mai'nOriti] n.1.少数, 少数派2.少数民族 【例】Only a minority of British households do not have a car. 英国只有少数家庭没有汽车。A small minority voted against the motion. 投票反对该提议的人占少数。There are 55 minorities in our country. 我国有55个少数民族。
minus ['mainKs] prep. 减(去) n.1.负数2.减号 a. 负的, 减去的 【例】Let's consider the pluses and minuses of moving house. 咱们考虑一下搬家的利弊吧。I got B minus in the test. 我在考试中得了个B-。Seven minus three equals four. 七减三等于四。
miracle ['mirKkl] n. 奇迹, 令人惊奇的人(或事) 【同】marvel; wonder 【例】Miracles sometimes occur, but one has to work terrible hard for them. 奇迹有时会发生,但你得为之付出艰苦的劳动。Her life was saved by a miracle. 她的生命是靠奇迹救活的。He understands his part to a miracle. 他对他扮演的角色理解得细微之至。
mischief ['mistSif] n.1.恶作剧, 胡闹, 捣蛋2.淘气, 顽皮3.损害, 伤害, 危害 【同】evil; damage; trouble 【例】It is difficult to say who do you the most mischief enemy with the worst intentions or friends with the best. 很难说谁会给你造成最大的伤害:是充满恶意的敌人、还是怀善意的朋友。The wind played mischief with my papers. 风把我的文章吹得乱七八糟。I try to keep the boy out of mischief. 我尽量不让这个男孩胡闹。
miserable ['mizrKbl] a. 1.痛苦的, 悲惨的, 可怜的2.令人难受的(或痛苦)的 【例】There are still many people whose living conditions are miserable. 仍有许多人的生活条件是很艰苦的。The play was a miserable failure. 这出戏演砸了。
misfortune [,mis'fO:tSu:n] n.1.不幸, 厄运, 灾难, 灾祸2.不幸事故, 灾难, 灾祸 【同】ill luck; difficulty; disaster 【例】No misfortune can be as great as the loss of time. 再大的不幸也比不上时间的损失。He had the misfortune to fall ill on the day of the examination. 他很倒霉,在考试当天生病了。
missile ['misail] n.1.导弹, 飞弹2.投射物 【同】weapon; shot; bulletin 【例】If it is your time love will track you down like a cruise missile. If you say No! I don’t want it right now. That’s when you’ll get it for me. 如果时候到了,爱情就会像巡航导弹一样追逐你。如果你说不! 我现不想要,那就是你肯定躲不开它的时候。The huge ship was sunk by a homing missile. 这只巨大的军舰被一枚自动寻的导弹击中。Demonstrators attacked the police, using sticks and assorted missiles. 示威者用棍棒和各种投掷物攻击警察。
missing ['misiN] a. 缺掉的, 失踪的, 找不到的
mission ['miSn] n.1.使命, 任务, 天职2.代表团, 使团 【同】commission; charge 【例】It is man’s mission to learn to understand. 人的使命就学会理解。He has been on confidential missions to Berlin. 他前往柏林执行秘密任务。An official mission was sent to settle the dispute. 一个官方使团被派去解决争端。
mist [mist] n.薄雾 v. (使)蒙上薄雾, (使)模糊 【同】drizzle; fog; rain 【例】Our desire leads the colors of the rainbow to the mere mists and vapors of life. 我们的理想只有雾霭的生活梁上了虹彩。Everything was covered in mist. 一切都笼罩在雾霭中。She could hardly recognize her son through the mist of tears that filled her eyes. 她泪眼蒙蒙,几乎不能认出自己的儿子。
misunderstand [,mis,VndK'st<nd] vt. 误解, 误会 【例】They pretend to misunderstand my complaint. 他们假装误解了我的投诉。
moan [mKun] vi. 1.呻吟, 呜咽2.(about)抱怨, 发牢骚 vt. 抱怨 n.1.呻吟声, 呜咽声2.怨声, 牢骚 【同】groan; grumble; bemoan 【例】Nothing begins and nothing ends that is not paid with moan; For we are born in other’s pain, and perish in our own. 没有一件事的开始和结束不付出呻吟,因为我们都在别人的痛苦中出生,在自己的痛苦中死去。Each time she moved her leg, she let out a moan. 每次她动一下腿,就发出一声呻吟。He moaned about his misfortunes to anyone who would listen. 他向每一个愿意听的人抱怨他的不幸。Pop stars are always moaning about being mobbed by their fans. 流行歌星总是抱怨他们受到歌迷的包围。
mobile ['mKubail] a. 1.运动的, 活动的, 可动的2.流动的, 机动的3.多变的, 易变的 n.移动电话 【同】unstationary; movable; motorized 【例】They are mobile artilleries. 我们都是机动炮兵。She is much more mobile now that she has a car. 她现在出去方便多了,她有了一辆汽车。
mobilise  ['mKubilaiz] vt.(=mobilize) 1.动员2.调动, 鼓动起 vi. 动员起来
mode [mKud] n.方式, 样式, 风格 【例】The country girl was not used to their lavish mode of living. 这个乡下姑娘不习惯他们奢侈的生活方式。The spacecraft was in its recovery mode. 这艘飞船处于返回状态。Living separately from parents after marriage is all the mode today. 婚后与父母分开住非常流行。
moderate ['mOdKrKt] a. 1.中等的, 一般的2.温和的, 稳健的3.有节制的, 适度的v. (使)和缓, (使)减轻, (使)减弱 n.持温和观点者 【同】reasonably; slightly; temperately 【例】Half the vices which the world condemns most loudly have seeds of good in them and require moderate use rather than total abstinence. 世人指责声音最大的不良做法,有一半包含好的因素,需要适度的采用而非完全的戒除。He usually drives at a moderate speed. 他通常中速驾驶。The wind was strong all day, but it moderated after sunset. 风猛烈地刮了一整天后,日落后变小了。He moderated on a weekly panel show. 他主持每周的讨论节目。The moderates have plenty to be anxious about. 温和派有许多问题要担忧。When we take part in one or another kind of physical exercise, whether it be violent sports such as running, playing football or moderate sports like swimming, jogging, our blood circulation is quickened so that more oxygen is taken in and more waste matter is excreted through sweating. 当我们参加某一种体育锻炼时,无论是像长跑或踢足球一类的剧烈项目,还是像游泳或慢跑这样的温和项目,血液的循环可以得到加快,身体内可摄入更多的养分,通过出汗也可将更多的废物排泄出来。。
modest ['mOdist] a. 1.谦虚的, 谦逊的2.适中的, 适度的, 不太多的3.羞怯的 【例】She is very modest about her success. 她对自己的成就很谦虚。Young girls must be modest in speech, dress and behavior. 年轻姑娘必须言词谨慎,衣着得体,行为端庄。I bought the house at a modest price. 我以适中的价格买下了这所房子。
modesty ['mOdisti] n.谦虚
modification [,mOdifi'keiSn] n.缓和;修改;修饰
modify ['mOdifai] vt. 1.修改, 更改2.(语法上)修饰 【同】alter; correct; adjust 【例】In science the important thing is to modify and change one’s ideas as science advance. 在科学领域,重要的是随着科学的发展修正和改变自己的见解。The union has been forced to slightly modify its position. 工会被迫稍稍改变立场。The policy was agreed by the committee, but only in a modified form. 那项政策经修改后才获得委员会同意。
moist [mOist] a. 潮湿的, 湿润的 【例】The clothes are still moist. Dry them in the sun. 这些衣服还是湿的,把他们在太阳下晾干。The moist season has set in. 雨季已来临。
moisture ['mOistSK] n.潮湿, 湿气 【同】humidity; wetness 【例】Power and liberty are like heat and moisture; where they are well mixed, everything prospers; where they are single, they are destructive. 权力和自由有如热度与温度。二者调和适宜的地方万物繁荣,各自为政之处均成破坏力量。The kitchen's stone floor was shining with moisture. 厨房的石板地受了潮闪闪发亮。
molecule ['mOlikju:l] n.分子 【例】We can see many molecules flying in the air when a sunbeam penetrated the dark room. 当一束光线穿进暗淡的房间时,我们可以看到空气中有许多小颗粒在飞舞。
monetary ['mVnitri] a. 钱的, 货币的, 金融的 【例】The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold. 过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
monopoly [mK'nOpKli] n.1.垄断, 专卖2.垄断物, 垄断商品, 专卖商品 【同】patent; trust; pool 【例】Liberty and monopoly cannot live together. 自由与垄断不能并存。The telecommunication service is a government monopoly. 电信为政府专营。He seems to think he has a monopoly of brains. 他似乎认为只有他才聪明。
monotonous [mK'nOtKnKs] a. 单调无聊的, 毫无变化的 【例】I do not like my monotonous work. 我不喜欢我那单调乏味的工作。I only heard a monotonous voice of the singer. 我只听到那个歌唱家单调的声音。显然,穿校服会使学校生活乏味单调。Suppose there were only one style of literature, people would not appreciate so abundant poetry and novels and our world would become so monotonous. 假如只有一种文学形式,人们就不会欣赏到大量的诗歌和小说,并且我们的世界就不会变得这样丰富多彩。
monstrous ['mOnstrKs] a.可怕的;极大的 【同】enormous; outrageous; flagrant 【例】The tree planted by the magician quickly grew to a monstrous height. 魔术师种下的树很快就长得极其高大。
monument ['mOnjumKnt] n.1.纪念碑, 纪念馆2.历史遗迹 【同】milestone; memorial 【例】Peace has its victories no less than war, but it doesn’t have as many monuments to unveil. 和平自有不少于战争的胜利,但没有那以多的纪念碑揭幕。They dedicated a monument in memory of those who died in the great earthquake. 他们为悼念死于大地震的人们建造纪念碑。
mood [mu:d] n.1.心情, 情绪2.(动词的)语气 【例】She's too tired and in no mood for dancing. 她太累了,没有心情跳舞。
moral ['mOrKl] a.道德上的, 有道德的 n. 1.[pl.] 道德, 品行, 道德规范2.寓意 【同】noble; reliable; upright 【例】Everything’s got a moral, if only you can find it. 每件事情都有其寓意,只要你能够找出它来。He lived a moral life after marriage. 他婚后过着合乎道德规范的生活。A baby isn't born with a moral sense. 孩子并不是生来就有是非感的。You may draw your own moral from it. 你可以从中得出自己的教训。
morality [mK'r<liti] n.1.道德, (行为等的)道德性2.德性, 品行3.道德观, 道德规范 【同】death; extinction; destruction 【例】Morality is what the majority then and there happen to like and immorality is what they dislike. 道德就是大多数人在一定时间、一定地点正好喜欢的东西,不道德的则是他们所不喜欢的。Have standards of morality improved? 道德标准是否有所改进? They are discussing the morality of abortion. 他们正在讨论堕胎的道德性。
moreover [mO:'rKuvK] ad. 而且, 再者, 此外 【例】The composition is a not well written, and moreover, there are many spelling mistakes in it. 这篇作文写得不好,而且,还有许多拼写错误。
mortgage ['mO:gidZ] n.抵押, 抵押借款 vt. 抵押 【同】give sb. a claim on as a security 【例】We are not free to use today, or to promise tomorrow, because we are already mortgaged to yesterday. 我们不能任意使用今天或允诺明天,因为我们已经被抵押昨天。I can buy the house only if a mortgage for 2000 dollars is available. 只有拿到两千美元的抵押贷款,我才买得起那栋房子。He will have to mortgage his land for a loan. 他不得不将土地抵押来申请贷款。
mosaic [mKu'zeiik] n. 镶嵌细工,马赛克 【例】It's a rich mosaic of meadows, rivers and woods. 这是一幅由草地,河流,树木组成的五光十色的镶嵌画。
moss [mOs] n.藓类植物, 苔藓 【例】A rolling stone gathers no moss. 滚石不生苔;转业不聚财。
motive ['mKutiv] n.动机, 动因, 目的 【同】motivation; incentive; purpose 【例】We would often be ashamed of our best actions if the world only knew the motives behind them. 要是世人知道我们最好的行为背后的动机,我们往往会为这些行为羞愧。I don't understand what his motive is. 我不知道他的动力是什么。His sole motive is to make more money. 他唯一的动机就是多赚钱。
motorway ['mKutKwei] n.汽车道,高速公路
mould [mKuld] (=mold) n.1.霉, 霉菌2.模子, 模型, 铸模3.(人的)性格, 气质, 类型 vt. 1.用模子制作, 浇铸, 塑造2.使形成, 影响...的形成, 把...塑造成【同】form; model; cast 【例】The metal in the mould hardened into shape. 模子里的金属硬化成形。The car body is moulded in the factory. 汽车车身是在这家工厂里模压成型的。Bread tends to mould in damp weather. 气候潮湿时,面包容易长霉。The author molded a new philosophy of life. 作者重新塑造了一种生活方式
mountainous ['mauntinKs] a.多山的;山一般的 【例】Our country is very mountainous. 我国是一个多山的国家。It seemed that the mountainous waves would turn the ship over. 排山倒海的巨浪似乎要把船掀翻。
mouthful ['mauTful] n.满口,一口,少量
multiple ['mVltipl] a. 复合的, 多重的, 多种多样的 n.倍数 【例】A multiple crash can often be seen on that motorway. 那条公路上的联环撞车事故很多。He is the person with multiple injuries. 他就是那个多处受伤的人。
multiplication [,mVltipli'keiSn] n.增加;繁殖;乘法 【例】My son began to study multiplication when he was six. 我儿子六岁的时候开始学习乘法。The multiplication of students has made our school too small. 学生的增加使学校显得拥挤。
multiply ['mVltiplai] v. 1.(使)增加, (使)繁殖2.乘, (使)相乘 【同】duplicate; reproduce; increase 【例】He who multiplies riches multiplies cares. 财产越多越操心。Four multiplied by seven is twenty-eight. 7乘4等于28。Rabbits multiply quickly. 兔子繁殖很快。We must multiply our efforts to clear up the mystery. 我们必须加倍努力来澄清这一神秘的事件。
multitude ['mVltitju:d] n.1.大量, 许多2.[the~] 大众, 民众 【同】abundance; crowd; gathering 【例】Success covers a multitude of blunders. 成功掩盖了在量的错误。A multitude of people gathered at the gate of the exhibition hall. 大群人聚集在展览大厅的门口。The multitude may laugh at his music, but we know better. 一般人也许会嘲笑他的音乐,但我们更了解它。
municipal [mju:'nisipl] a. 市的, 市政的 【同】civic; of a town or city 【例】In order to win the bid for the Olympic Games of 2008, the municipal government of Beijing has launched a campaign to improve the environment of the city. 为了获得2008年奥运的申办权,北京市政府已开展活动来改善市区环境。I study in a municipal college. 我在一所市立大学上学。She works in a municipal library. 她在一所市立的图书馆工作。
muscular ['mVskjulK] a. 1.肌肉发达的, 强壮的2.(有关)肌(肉)的 【例】He's big and muscular. 他身材高大,肌肉发达。
mushroom ['mVSrum] n.蘑菇 vi. 迅速成长(或发展) 【例】Some mushrooms are poisonous. 有些蘑菇有毒。I gathered many mushrooms after rain. 雨后我采了很多蘑菇。New blocks of flats and offices have mushroomed all over the city. 在全市各处如雨后春笋般出现了许多新公寓和办公楼。
mute [mju:t] a. 1.缄默的, 无声的2.哑的, 不会说话的3.(字母)不发音的 vt. 消除(声音), 减轻(声音) 【同】tongueless; dumb; speechless 【例】He always remains mute on the subject of social system. 他总是对社会制度的问题保持沉默。He's a deaf mute and cannot tell anyone secret. 他是个聋哑人,不会把他们的秘密告诉任何人。
mutter ['mVtK] n.轻声低语, 小声抱怨 【例】She kept on muttering to herself. 她老是一个人嘀嘀咕咕。Actors often mutter to themselves when rehearsing their lines. 演员背台词的时候经常自己嘀嘀咕咕。
mutton ['mVtn] n.羊肉 【例】People like to have mutton in the winter. 冬天人们喜欢吃羊肉。
mystery ['mistKri] n.神秘(性), 神秘的人(或事物) 【同】undiscoverability; unanswerability 【例】Happiness is a mystery like religion, and should never be rationalized. 幸福有如宗教,是一种神秘的东西,永远不要对它如以理性的阐释。Why he went there is a mystery to me. 他为什么到那里去,这对我来说是个谜。The place continues to fascinate visitors, cloaked in its mystery. 这个地方笼罩在神秘气氛下,继续使游览者着迷。
naive [nai'i:v] a. 1.幼稚的, 轻信的2.天真的 【同】innocent; unsophisticated 【例】This girl is very naive at the first sight. 第一眼看上去,这个女孩很天真。
namely ['neimli] ad. 即, 也就是 【同】specifically; particularly; i.e. 【例】Love is as love does. Love is an act of will —— namely, both an intention and an action. 爱与爱的行为是统一的。爱就是意愿的实行,即,既是意向,又是行动。Only one person can do the job, namely you. 只有一个人能做这项工作,那就是你。
nap [n<p] vi. (尤指在白天)小睡, 打盹 【例】Father always takes a nap in the afternoon. 父亲下午总要睡个午觉。Every afternoon the baby takes a nap for 2 hours. 每天下午宝宝都要睡两个小时。
narrate [nK'reit] v. 说故事,说明,叙述 【同】relate; depict; describe 【例】As narrated in the novel, the hero was a good-for-nothing. 如小说中所描写的,这位主人公无所事事。
nasty ['nA:sti] a. 1.令人讨厌的, 令人厌恶的2.难弄的, 困难的3.严重的, 恶劣的, 险恶的 4.下流的, 道德败坏的 【同】unclean; dirty; impure 【例】Diplomacy is to do and say the nastiest thing in the nicest way. 外交就是以最优雅的方式办最难办的事,说最难说的话。What a nasty man! 这个恶人! He is a person with a nasty mind. 他是个思想肮脏的人。
naught [nO:t] n. 无,零,无用 【例】All his work came to naught when the fire destroyed the house he was building. 大火烧毁了他正在建的房子,他的一切成绩化为乌有。
naughty ['nO:ti] a. 1.顽皮的, 淘气的2.猥亵的 【例】You naughty boy! I've told you not to play in the street. 你这顽皮孩子! 我说过,叫你别在马路上玩。
naval ['neivl] a. 海军的 【例】The naval officer asked him to stay away from the base. 那位海军军官让他离开基地。
navigation [,n<vi'geiSn] n.1.航行(学), 航海(术), 航空(术)2.导航, 领航 【例】Navigation is difficult on this river because of the hidden rocks. 因为河上有暗礁,所以在这条河上航行很困难。The compass is an instrument of navigation. 罗盘是航行仪器。
navy ['neivi] n.海军 【例】Britain has always had a large navy, called the Royal Navy. 英国一直有一支强大的海军,称为皇家海军。
necessitate [ni'sesiteit] vt. 使成为必要, 需要 【例】It's an unpopular measure, but the situation necessitates it. 这是不得人心的办法,但形势需要这样做。Your proposal will necessitate borrowing more money. 依你的建议就必须增加借款。
necessity [ni'sesiti] n.1.必需品2.必要(性), (迫切)需要 【例】The doctor asked us to call him during the night except in case of necessity. 医生吩咐我们,除非必须,否则不要在夜里叫他。
negative ['negKtiv] a. 1.否定的2.反面的, 消极的3.负的, 阴性的 n.1.(照相的)负片, 底片2.负数 【同】denying; unaffirmative; disallowing 【例】Eternity is a negative clothed with a positive name. 永恒是个冠以肯定名称的否定概念。I have a negative opinion on the value of this idea. 我对这个主意持反对意见。
negligible ['neglidZKbl] a. 可忽略不计的, 微不足道的 【同】insignificant; trivial; petty 【例】The details are negligible as far as I know. 我认为这些细节完全可以忽略。
negotiate [ni'gKu:Sieit] vt. 1.洽谈, 协商2.顺利通过, 成功越过 vi. 协商, 谈判 【同】arrange; bargain; transact 【例】Let us never negotiate out of feat, but let us never fear to negotiate. 永远不要出于惧怕谈判,而要永远不惧怕谈判。We've decided to negotiate with the employers about our wage claim. 我们决定就工资问题与雇主谈判。The company has negotiated a new contract with its staff. 公司已经和全体员工商定了一项新合同。
neighbourhood ['neibKhud] n.1.四邻, 街坊2.邻近地区, 附近 【例】You'll find the hotel in the neighbourhood. 你会在附近找到这家旅店。The whole neighbourhood praises him. 四周邻居都称赞他。
nephew ['nevju:] n.侄子, 外甥 【例】My nephew is a naughty boy. 我侄子是一个淘气的孩子。
network ['netwK:k] n.1.网状物2.广播网, 电视网3.(电信与计算机)网络, 网状系统 【例】The company has a network of shops all over the country. 这家公司有着遍布全国的商店网。Do you know the three USA television networks? 你知道美国的三大电视网吗?
neutral ['nju:trKl] a. 1.中立的, 不偏不倚的2.中性的 【同】noncombatant; unconcerned 【例】Gone are those pleasant nineteenth-century days when a country could remain neutral and at peace just by saying it wanted to. 19世纪那些愉快的日子一去不返了,当是一个国家只须产自己宁愿如此便可保持中立并享受和平。That country remained neutral in the war. 那个国家在那场战争中保持中立。He has a rather neutral character. 他品性平平。When you start the engine, be sure the car is in neutral. 你在发动引擎时,一定要让汽车处于空档。
neutron ['nju:trOn] n.中子
nevertheless [,nevKDK'les] ad. 仍然, 然而, 不过 【例】The experiment failed. It was, nevertheless, worth making. 试验没有成功,尽管如此,还是值得做的。
nickel ['nikl] n.1.镍2.(美国和加拿大的)五分镍币, 五分钱 【例】Can you give me a dime for two nickels? 你能不能用两个五分镍币给我换一个一毛的镍币?
nickname ['nikneim] n.绰号, 浑名 vt. 给...起绰号 【例】Jess is just my nickname - my real name is Jessica. 杰西只是我的昵称,我的真名是杰西卡。They nicknamed him Lofty because he was so tall. 他们给他起了个绰号叫高个儿, 因为他身材很高。
niece [ni:s] n.侄女, 甥女 【例】My niece always clings to me whenever she is at my home. 我侄女只要一到我家里就缠着我不放。
nitrogen ['naitrKdZKn] n.氮 【例】Nitrogen forms most of the Earth's air. 地球上空气的大部分成分是氮气。
nominal ['nOminl] a. 1.名义上的, 有名无实的2.(费用等)很少的, 象征性的3.名词性的 【例】The chairman is only the nominal ruler of the country. 主席只是那个国家名义上的统治者。She charged only a nominal fee for her work. 她为所做的工作只收取象征性的费用。
nominate ['nOmineit] vt. 提名, 任命 【同】propose as a candidate 【例】I nominate Tom to make the tea. 我建议汤姆去沏茶。I nominate her to present us at the meeting. 我推荐她代表我们出席会议。She had been nominated as candidate for the presidency. 她已被提名为总统候选人。The board nominated him as the new director. 董事会指定他为新董事。
nonetheless [,nOnDK'les] ad.(=nevertheless) 尽管如此, 依然, 然而
nonsense ['nOnsns] n.1.胡说, 废话2.冒失(或轻浮)的行动 【例】It was sheer nonsense to trust them. 相信他们纯粹是胡闹。What he said is nonsense. 他的话纯粹是胡说。
normalization [,nO:mKlai'zeiSn] n.正常化
northeast [nO:T'i:st] n.东北(方), 东北部 a. 东北的, 东北部的, 不息东北的 ad. 向东北 【例】His house is in the northeast of this city. 他的家在这个城市的东北部。The northeast wind was blowing hard at that time. 那时候东北风刮得正紧。
northward [nO:T'wKd] ad.向北方
northwest [nO:T'west] n.西北(方), 西北部 a. 西北的, 西北部的, 来自西北的 ad. 向西北 【例】There is a large hilly area in the northwest. 西北部有一大片丘陵地带。The city is located in the northwest part of Canada. 这座城市位于加拿大的西北部。The tourists drove northwest. 游客们开车向西北而去。
notable ['nKutKbl] a. 值得注意的, 显著的, 著名的 n.名人, 要人 【同】leader; personality 【例】He is a notable in his country. 他在本国是名人。He is a notable artist. 他是一位著名的艺术家。
noteworthy ['nKutwK:Di] a. 值得注目的,显著的
noticeable ['nKutisKbl] a. 显而易见的 【同】observable; appreciable; obvious 【例】There's been a noticeable improvement in her handwriting. 她的书法有了明显的进步。The scar on her forehead is hardly noticeable. 她额头上的伤疤不太明显。
notify ['nKutifai] vt. 通知, 告知, 报告 【同】declare; announce; inform 【例】Have the authorities been notified? 当局是否已得知? She notified us of the meeting. 她通知我们开会。We'll notify her to draw up a contract. 我们将通知她起草一份合同。
notion ['nKuSn] n.1.概念, 观念2.意图, 想法, (怪)念头 【同】conception; idea; thought 【例】Your earliest notions of love came not only from your own relationship with your parents but also from your impressions of their marriage. 你对爱的最初的概念,不仅得自你自己与父母关系,而且得自你对他们婚姻的印象。We had a notion that he was telling a lie. 我们当时的看法是他在说谎。He didn't have a slightest notion of what I meant. 他对我指的是什么没有一点儿概念。
notorious [nKu'tO:riKs] a. 臭名昭著的, 声名狼藉的 【同】ill-famed; infamous 【例】It is notorious that the memory strengthens as you lay burdens upon it, and becomes trustworthy as you trust it. 众所周知,如果给记忆力施加压力它便增强,如果相信记忆力,它就变得可靠。Hitler is a notorious killer. 希特勒是一个臭名昭著的刽子手。
notwithstanding [,nOtwiT'st<ndiN] ad. 尽管 【例】Notwithstanding her naughtiness, I love my little girl. 尽管我的小姑娘很淘气,我还是很爱她。He tried to prevent the marriage but it still took place notwithstanding. 虽然他竭力阻止这桩婚姻,但还是成了事实。He went, notwithstanding he was ordered to stay. 他虽被命令不许去,但还是去了。
nought [nO:t] n.无,零 【例】Put two noughts after a seven to make seven hundred. 在7后面加两个零成为700。
nourish ['nVriS] vt. 1.养育, 喂养, 滋养2.怀有(希望等), 增强(希望等) 【同】feed; supply; sustain 【例】I forget the greater part of what I read, but all the same it nourishes my mind. 我读过的东西大都忘记了,但它依旧滋养着我的心灵。Milk is all we need to nourish a small baby. 我们供给婴儿营养只需喂奶就够了。
novelty ['nOvlti] n.1.新奇事物2.新奇, 新奇感, 新奇性3.新颖小巧而廉价的物品 【同】new; unique; unusual 【例】It is nature of man to be greed for novelty. 追求新奇是人的天性。The novelty of his surroundings soon wore off. 他对环境的新奇感不久就淡薄了。
nowhere ['nKuwEK] ad. 任何地方都不 【例】The book was nowhere to be found. 这本书无处可寻。That kind of talk will get you nowhere. 说那种话对你没好处。
nucleus ['nju:kliKs] n.1.(原子)核2.核心 【例】These 1,000 books will form the nucleus of the new school library. 这一千本书将构成学校新图书馆藏书的基础。
nuisance ['nju:sns] n.令人讨厌的东西 (或状况、行为), 讨厌的人 【同】annoyance; offense; trouble 【例】The liberty of the individual must be thus far limited; he must not make himself a nuisance to the other people. 个人的自由迄今必须限制,他绝不可使自己成为妨害他人的人。The noise was so loud that it was a nuisance to the neighbors. 那声音大得让邻居讨厌。
numb [nVm] a. 1.麻木的, 失去感觉的2.惊呆的 vt. 1.使麻木, 使失去知觉2.使目瞪口呆 【例】The shock left me numb. 我惊呆了。His leg was numbed by the intense pain. 他的腿因剧痛而麻木。
numerous ['nju:mKrKs] a. 众多的, 许多的, 【例】That kind of bird has become more numerous around here lately. 近来在附近一带那种鸟越来越多了。There are numerous reasons why I hold this opinion.我之所以持这个观点是有很多原因的。
nursery ['nK:sKri] n.1.托儿所, 保育室2.苗圃 【例】She sent her little son to a nursery when she was working. 她工作的时候就把小儿子送到托儿所。
nutrition [nju:'triSn] n.营养 【同】nourishment; diet 【例】The health of children is subject to the nutrition they take in. 孩子的健康受到营养的影响。Our bodies need adequate nutrition. 我们的身体需要充足的营养。This food provides all the nutrition your dog needs. 本食品含有狗所必须的一切营养。Human beings are omnivorous animals, but vegetables and fruits do not contain all the nutrition we should take to live a healthy life. 人类是杂食动物,但是蔬菜水果并不包含我们拥有健康所需的全部营养。
oath [KuT] n.1.誓言, 誓约2.咒骂, 诅咒语 【同】affirmation; declaration; promise 【例】It is not the oath that makes us believe the man, but the man the oath. 不是誓言使我们相信人,是人使我们相信誓言。Repeat the oath after me. 请跟着我宣誓。The judge reminded the witness that she was under oath. 法官提醒那个证人她已经宣过誓了。
obedience [K'bi:diKns] n.服从,顺从;管辖 【同】willingness; submission; compliance 【例】The commanding officer expected unquestioning obedience from his men. 指挥官要求下属绝对服从。
obedient [K'bi:diKnt] a. 服从的, 顺从的 【例】And many of the parents and teachers are always ready to award high marks to those who are obedient and likable. 而且,家长和老师往往奖赏那些讨人喜欢、听话的孩子。The dog is obedient to its master's orders. 这只狗听从主人的命令。
objective [Kb'dZektiv] n.目标, 目的 a. 客观的, 不带偏见的 【同】goal; purpose; actual 【例】After many years I have reached the firm conclusion that it is impossible for any objective newspaper man to be a friend of a President. 许多年之后,我得出这个坚定的结论:任何客观新闻工作者不可能成为一个总统的朋友。Try to be more objective about it. 尽量更客观地对待此事吧。We have succeeded in our main objectives. 我们已经成功地达到了主要目标。
obligation [,Obli'geiSn] n.义务, 责任 【同】conscience; burden; responsibility 【例】To try to honor your obligation will reveal immediately how much value you have. 履行义务的努力会立即显示你所具有的价值。The company has to fulfill the terms of its obligation. 这个公司必须履行合同条款。
obscure [Kb'skjuK] a. 1.不著名的, 不重要的2.费解的, 模糊不清的 vt. 使变模糊, 掩盖 【同】shadow; disguise; veil 【例】Truth sometimes may be obscure, but it can never die out. 真理有时可能变得暗淡,但绝对不会熄灭。The path grew more obscure in the fading light. 小径在渐渐消失的光线下变得更暗了。The poem is obscure to those unlearned in the classics. 这首诗在不懂古典诗作的人看来是费解的。
observation [,ObzK'veiSn] n.1.注意, 观察2.言论, 议论3.[常pl.] 观察资料, 观察数据4.观察力 【例】The thief escaped observation. 小偷未被人注意。He was taken into hospital for observation. 他被送进医院观察。
obsolete ['ObsKli:t] adj. 废弃的,过时的 【同】outdated; old; out of fashion 【例】The advent of this device made obsolete the use of washing-machine. 这种装置的出现让洗衣机显得相当地果实。
obstacle ['ObstKkl] n.障碍(物), 妨碍 【同】barrier; restriction; hindrance 【例】Victory is not the end but a phase to the end. It is no more than the removal of obstacles. 胜利不是目的,而是达到目的一个阶段。它不过于对障碍的消除。Lack of education is an obstacle of success. 缺乏教育是成功的障碍。The obstacles to bridging the gap remain objective and subjective. 消除代购的主要障碍有客观原因,也有主观原因。
obstinate ['ObstinKt] a.固执的;顽强的 【同】self-willed; strong-minded; stubborn 【例】Vanity dies hard; in some obstinate cases it outlives the man. 虚荣心很难死灭,在有些顽固的例子里人死了它还活着。This child is obstinate and rebellious. 这个孩子倔强,难以管束。
occasional [K'keiZKnl] a. 偶尔的, 间或发生的 【例】I only smoke an occasional cigar. 我只是偶然抽一支雪茄。He is only an occasional workman. 他只是个临时雇工。
occupation [,Okju'peiSn] n.1.工作, 职业2.(人)从事的活动, 消遣3.占领, 占据 【例】He is a merchant in occupation. 他的职业是经商。Riding is her favorite occupation. 骑马是她最喜欢的消遣。He returned from Paris and found his office was under someone else's occupation. 他从巴黎回来,发现他的办公室被别人占了。
occurrence [K'kVrKns] n. 1.发生的事情, 事件2.发生, 出现 【同】incident; event; occasion 【例】Faith may be defined briefly as an illogical belief in the occurrence of the improbable. 信仰可以简洁地定义为对不可能之事的发生所持的不逻辑的信念。
odds [Odz] n. (复)投注赔率;机会;可能性
odour ['KudK] (=order (美) n.气味 【同】smell; fragrance; perfume 【例】Nothing awakens a reminiscence like an odor. 没有什么能像气味一样唤起往事。My room is filled with the odour of roses. 我的房间里充满了玫瑰花的香味。What he had done put him in better odour. 他的所作所为使他的名声得到改善。
offensive [K'fensiv] a. 1.冒犯的, 无礼的, 使人不快的2.进攻的, 攻击性的 n.进攻, 攻势 【同】insulating; attacking 【例】Life is an offensive, directed against the repetitious mechanism. 生活是向宇宙重复机制发动的进攻。I found him extremely offensive. 我发现他非常令人讨厌。The troops took up offensive positions. 部队已准备发起攻击。
offset ['Ofset] vt. 补偿, 抵消 【同】balance; compensate; equivalent 【例】Higher mortgage rates are partly offset by increased tax allowances. 抵押款高了,其中部分可因免税额增加而相抵消。He raised his prices to offset the increased cost of materials. 他提高售价以补偿材料增加的成本。Higher mortgage rates are partly offset by increased tax allowances. 抵押款提高了,其中一部分可由免税额增加而抵消。
offspring ['OfspriN] n.1.子女, 子孙, 后代2.(动物的)崽 【同】descendant; heirs; child 【例】Who of us is mature enough for offspring before the offspring themselves arrive? The value of marriage is not that adults produce children but that children produce adults. 在儿女真的出世之前,我们有谁对于儿女是足够成熟的?结婚的价值不在于大人造就孩子,而在于孩子造就大人。How do parents pass genes on to their offspring? 父母是怎样把基因遗传给自己的子女的? The atom bomb is the offspring of the 20th century physics. 原子弹是20世纪物理学的产物。
omit [K'mit] vt. 1.省略, 删节2.遗漏, 疏忽 【例】He omitted to state his reasons. 他未叙述自己的理由。Don't omit locking the door. 别忘了锁门。
opaque [Ku'peik] a. 1.不透明的, 不透光的2.难理解的, 晦涩的 【同】nontransparent; dark; coated 【例】The future is an opaque mirror. Anyone who tries to look into it sees nothing but the dim outlines of an old and worried face. 未来是面晦暗的镜子。任何试图向里面窥视的人只能看见一张苍老而焦虑的脸的模糊轮廓。This is an opaque cup. 这是一个不透明的杯子。I felt his report was deliberately opaque. 我觉得他的报告故意含糊其词。
opening ['KupKniN] n.1.口子, 洞, 孔2.开发, 开辟3.(正式的)开始, 开端 a. 开的, 开始的
opera ['OpKrK] n.歌剧
operator ['OpKreitK] n.1.话务员, 报务员2.操作员 【例】Dial 100 for the operator. 拨100找接线员。I am a computer operator. 我是一名计算机操作人员。
opponent [K'pKunKnt] n.1.敌手, 对手2.反对者 【同】competitor; rival; challenger 【例】We must protect the right of our opponents to speak because we must hear what they have to say. 我们必须保卫对手讲话的权利,因为我们必须聆听他们不得不说的话。His opponent did not stand a chance. 他的对手毫无取胜的机会。She is one of the strongest opponents of tax reform. 她是税收改革最强烈的反对者之一。They are often heard to talk proudly about how they have defeated their opponents in a game. 我们经常听到他们自豪地谈论如何在一场比赛中战胜对手。
oppose [K'pKuz] vt. 反对, 反抗 【例】They opposed the government's new policies. 他们反对政府的新政策。Don't oppose your will against mine. 不要把你的意志同我的对立起来。
oppress [K'pres] vt. 1.压迫, 压制2.使(心情等)沉重, 使烦恼 【同】suppress; crush; abuse 【例】Truth may be oppressed, not suppressed. 真理可能被压制,但不会被压倒。The king oppressed his people with terrible taxes and punishments. 国王以苛捐杂税和严刑来压迫人民。
optical ['Optikl] a. 1.光(学)的2.眼的, 视力的3.视觉的 【同】seeing; visible visual 【例】There are microscopes and other optical instruments. 那里有显微镜和其他观察仪器。Microscopes and telescopes are optical instruments. 望远镜和显微镜是光学仪器。
optimize ['Optimaiz] =(optimize (英) v.优选,优化;乐观;使其完美(完善)【同】refine; promote 【例】The company is seeking to optimize its use of financial resources by introducing performance-related pay. 这家公司通过引入和工作表现持平的工资制度,用以优化利用它的财力资源。
optional ['OpSKnl] a. 可以任选的, 非强制的
orbit ['O:bit] n.轨道v. (绕...)作轨道运行 【例】The spacecraft is in orbit around the moon. 该航天器在绕月球轨道运行。How many spacecrafts are orbiting the moon? 有多少航天器绕月球轨道飞行?
ore [O:] n.矿, 矿石 【例】This is an area rich in ore. 这里是个矿产丰富的地区。
organic [O:'g<nik] a. 有机(体)的, 有机物的 【例】I am not good at organic chemistry. 我的有机化学学得不好。The music is organic to the story. 这首乐曲是这个故事必不可少的组成部分。
orient ['O:riKnt] vt. 1.使适应, 使熟悉情况(或环境等)2.(to, toward)使朝向, 以...为方向(目标) n.[the O-] 东方, 亚洲(尤指远东), 东半球 【同】determine; locate; adjust 【例】She soon oriented herself to campus life. 她很快就适应了学校生活。In the market, I breathed the smells of the Orient. 在集市上,我闻到了东方的气息。
oriental [,O:ri'entl] a. 东方的, 东方人的, 东方文化的 【例】This oriental legend is fascinating. 这个东方传说很吸引人。
original [K'ridZKnl] a. 1.起初的, 原来的2.独创的, 新颖的3.原版的, 原件的 n.原件, 原作 【同】primary; creative; not copied 【例】The least of man’s original emanation is better than the best of a borrowed thought. 最微小的独创性的发挥也胜过借来的最好的思想。The original owner of the house moved out. 房子原先的主人搬出去了。The original picture is in the British Museum. 这幅画的原作在大英博物馆内。
originate [K'ridZineit] vi. (in, from, with)起源于, 来自, 产生 vt. 创造, 创始, 开创 【例】The quarrel originated in rivalry between the two families. 这次争吵是两家不和引起的。Who originated the concept of stereo sound? 立体声是谁发明的? The style of architecture originated from the ancient Greeks. 这种建筑风格起源于古希腊。
ornament ['O:nKmKnt] n.1.装饰品, 点缀品2.装饰, 点缀 vt. 装饰, 点缀, 美化 【同】beautification; decorative; furnishing 【例】Loveliness needs not the aid of foreign ornament, but is when unadorned, adorned the most. 美貌无须外加装点,不事妆饰时最为光彩照人。We bought some ornaments for the Christmas tree. 我们买了一些装饰品来点缀圣诞树。I ornamented my room with flowers. 我用鲜花装饰房间。
orthodox ['O:TKdOks] a. 1.传统的2.正统的, 正宗的 【同】accepted; conventional; traditional 【例】Although dressed in fashionable clothes, he is orthodox in terms of ideas. 尽管衣着时髦,他思想却很正统。
ounce [auns] n.盎司 【例】He tried to open the door by using every ounce of his strength. 他用尽全部力气想把门打开。
outbreak ['autbreik] n.(战争、情感、火山等的)爆发, (疾病、虫害等的)突然发生 【同】eruption; explosion; outburst 【例】In the nuclear age, victory has lost its traditional significance. The outbreak of war is increasingly considered the worst catastrophe. 在核时代,胜利业已失去其传统的意义。战争的爆发日益视为莫为的灾难。There has been an outbreak of typhoid. 那儿正爆发伤寒。The outbreak of riot caused many people to die. 暴乱的发生使很多人丧生。
outdoors [,aut'dO:z] ad.在户外,在野外
outer ['autK] a. 1.外面的, 外表的2.远离中心的, 外层的 【例】The outer walls of the building were painted blue. 这座建筑的外墙被漆成了蓝色。These creatures were believed to have come from outer space. 据信这种生物来自外太空。
outermost ['autKmKust] a.最外面的,最远的
outfit ['autfit] n.1.(用于某种场合的)全套服装2.(协同工作的)一组人3.全套设备, 全套工具 【例】The company will provide the sports outfits for all the players. 这家公司将为所有运动员提供全套运动服装。
outlet ['autlet] n.1.出口, 出路2.(感情、精力等)发泄途径(或方法) 【同】opening; way out for 【例】Mouth:In man the gateway to the soul; in woman, the outlet of heart. 嘴:在男人是心灵的入口,在女人是内心是出口。They found some new outlets for their products. 他们为自己的产品找到了一些新的市场。
outlook ['autluk] n.1.观点, 见解2.展望, 前景 【同】viewpoint; prospects 【例】This materialistic outlook has seriously influenced education. 这种物质之上的观点严重的影响我们的教育。
outset ['autset] n.开始, 开端
outskirts ['autskK:ts] n.外围地区, 郊区, 郊外 【同】border; suburbs; limits 【例】Cities are growing so fast their arteries are showing through their outskirts. 城市生长得如此迅速,它们的动脉透过郊区显露出来。
outstanding [,aut'st<ndiN] a. 1.突出的, 杰出的, 显著的2.未解决的, 未偿付的
oven ['Vvn] n.烤箱, 炉 【例】It is like an oven in here; please open the window. 这里热得象火炉,请把窗户打开。
overall ['KuvKrO:l] a. 1.总体的, 全面的, 综合的2.全部的 ad. 总的来说 n.[pl.] 工装裤, 工作服 【同】complete; thorough; comprehensive 【例】The overall measurement of this room is 80 square meters. 这个屋子的面积是80平方米。There's been an overall improvement recently. 近来各方面都有所改进。The carpenter was wearing a pair of blue overalls. 那木匠穿着蓝色的工装裤。We should give an overall consideration to this issue.我们对这个问题应该有个全面的考虑。
overcome [,KuvK'kVm] vt. 1.战胜, 克服2.(感情等)压倒, 使受不了 【同】overwhelm; master; defeat 【例】The only good luck many great men ever had was being born with the ability and determination to overcome bad luck. 许多伟人有过的惟一好运:生来具有战胜厄运的能力与决心。He was overcome by their entreaties. 他屈从了他们的请求。The whole thing becomes utterly absurd when you think that no matter what problems man overcomes, it is unlikely that he will ever be able to travel even to the nearest star. 但是不管人类克服了多少困难,他也不可能去住进的星球上旅行。想象这个,即就会觉得整个这件事是荒谬绝伦了
overestimate [,KuvK'restimeit] vt.过高估计 【同】overvalue; overprice; exaggerate 【例】personally, we should not overestimate or deny either of them.以我之见,我们不应过高地估计或否定两者之中的任何一种。
overflow ['KuvKflKu] vi. 1.满得外溢, 外流, 泛滥2.(with)充满, 洋溢 vt. 淹没, 从...中溢出, 多得使无法容纳n.1.容纳不下的物(或人)2.溢出, 满出3.溢流口, 溢流管 【同】shed; spill; flow 【例】Love overflows with both honey and gall. It gives you a taste of sweetness, and then heaps bitterness before you to satiety. 爱情充满了蜂蜜与胆汁。它让你尝到甜蜜,在你饱足之前又使你满口苦涩。The river overflowed its banks. 河水漫过了两岸。The crowd overflowed the auditorium. 人群挤得礼堂无法容纳。Overflow patients lay on the floors and in the corridors. 容纳不下的病人躺在地上和走廊里。
overhaul ['KuvKhO:l] n./v. 彻底检查,大修
overhead ['KuvKhed] ad. 在头顶上 a. 在头顶上的, 上面的, 架空的 n.[常pl.] 经常费用, 管理费用 【例】Seagulls were circling overhead. 海鸥在头顶山盘旋。Overhead the stars were out. 天上星星出来了。The overhead costs are ridiculously expensive. 日常开支太高了。Their office is in central Beijing, so their overhead is very high. 他们的办事处设在北京市中心,所以他们的日常开支很大。
overhear [,KuvK'hiK] vt. 无意中听到, 偷听到 【例】I overheard some cruel remarks about him. 我无意中听到了一些议论他的粗鲁的话。I overheard them saying they were unhappy. 我偶然听到他们说,他们很不快乐。
overlap ['KuvKl<p] v. 1.(与...)部分重叠2.(与...)部分相同 n.重叠, 重叠的部分 【同】overlie; project; repeat 【例】Fantasy and reality often overlaps. 幻想与现实常常重叠。
overlook [,KuvK'luk] vt. 1.忽视, 忽略, 未注意到2.宽恕, 宽容3.俯瞰, 俯视 【例】My room overlooked the garden. 我的房间俯瞰花园。They overlooked the enormous risks involved. 他们忽略了暗含的巨大危险。It was a slight overlook on my part. 这是我的小疏忽。
overpass ['KuvKpA:s] n.天桥, 立交桥
overseas [,KuvK'si:z] ad. 在(或向)海外, 在(或向)国外 a. (在)海外的, (在)国外的, (向或来自) 外国的 【例】The overseas trade has become the main project. 海外贸易成为主要的项目。She is an overseas student in Britain. 她是个在英国的外国留学生。
overtake [,KuvK'teik] vt. 1.追上, 赶上, 超过2.突然降临于, 意外地碰上 【同】catch; reach; catch up with 【例】Laziness travels so slowly that poverty soon overtakes him. 懒惰走得如此之慢,贫穷很快就赶上了他。A car overtook me although I was going fast. 我虽然开得很快,还是被一辆车超过了。The murderer was overtaken in his crime. 杀人犯当场被捕。
overthrow ['KuvKTrKu] vt. 1.推翻, 打倒2.使终止, 摒弃 n.推翻, 终止, 结束 【例】The rebels have overthrown the government. 反叛者已推翻了政府。The overthrow of that lawful regime has resulted in a series of riot. 合法政权的被推翻导致一连串的暴乱。
overtime ['KuvKtaim] a.超时的,加班的
overview ['KuvK,vju:] 概述 【例】The general manager gave us an overview of the company's marketing plans for the coming year. 总经理扼要介绍了公司明年的销售计划。
overwhelm [,KuvK'welm] vt. 1.(感情上)使受不了, 使不知所措的2.征服, 制服 【例】The village was overwhelmed when the floods came. 这个村庄在洪水泛滥时被淹没了。Your kindness quite overwhelmed me. 你的好意使我感激难言。Our football team has won an overwhelming victory. 我们的足球队取得了压倒性的胜利。
overwhelming [,KuvK'welmiN] a. 1.势不可挡的, 压倒的2.巨大的 【同】overpowering; staggering 【例】Nothing is easier than spending the public money. It does not appear to belong to anybody. The temptation is overwhelming to bestow it on somebody. 花公款是最容易不过的事了。他似乎属于任何人。把它送给什么人的诱惑无法拒绝。For the first time in history, man has the overwhelming technological resources to combat human suffering, yet he squanders them on meaningless pursuits. 人类在历史上第一次拥有了和苦难作战的强大技术力量,可是却把他们浪费在毫无意义的追求上。I think that the temptation of city life, especially of the cultural atmosphere in big cities, is overwhelming, even though those unsolved troubles are still there. 我认为,即使城市有许多还未解决的问题,但其生活--特别是大城市中透着的文化气息--却充满了魅力。
owl [aul] n.猫头鹰
ownership ['KunKSip] n.所有(权), 所有制 【例】The two brothers have dispute over the ownership of the land. 这兄弟俩对土地的所有权有争议。Ownership of property involves great expense. 拥有房地产要有很大的开销。The restaurant is under new ownership. 那餐馆已易新主。
oxygen ['OksidZKn] n.氧, 氧气 【例】There was a shortage of oxygen at the top of the mountain. 山顶上缺氧。She died from lack of oxygen. 她因缺氧而死。
pad [p<d] n.1.垫, 衬垫2.拍纸簿, 便笺本3.(火箭)发射台, 直升机起落场 vt. 填塞 vi. (放轻脚步)走 【例】The nurse put a clean pad of cotton over his wound. 护士在他的伤口上敷了一块干净的纱布垫。He jotted down a note on the pad by the telephone. 他在电话机旁的便笺本草草记下一个通知。I made my speech longer by padding it with a few jokes. 我插进了几则笑话,把我的讲话拉长了。
paddle ['p<dl] n.1.短桨, 桨2. 蹚水, 涉水vi. 1.划桨前进, 荡桨2. 蹚水, 涉水 vt. 1.用桨划(船)2.用木板打 【例】They tried to row the small boat off with a paddle. 他们试图用桨把小船划开。She lay at the side of the pool and paddled in the water with her fingers. 她躺在池子边上,用手指玩水。
painstaking ['peinzteikiN] a. 刻苦的
pamphlet ['p<mflit] n.小册子 【例】The pamphlet contains information of political opinion. 这本小册子含有关于政治主张的资料。He gave me a pamphlet for my call numbers. 他给了我一个小册子记录电话号码。
panda ['p<ndK] n.熊猫 【例】Pandas are loved by people all over the world. 熊猫被全世界的人们喜爱。
panel ['p<nl] n.1.面, 板2.专门小组, 评判小组3.控制, 仪表盘 【同】decoration; ornament 【例】It was made of a large precast concrete panel. 这是由一大型混凝土预制板制成的。This ceiling has a carved panel. 这块天花板带有刻花镶板。The panel was chosen to take part in discussion. 那个专门小组被选中参加讨论。
panic ['p<nik] n.恐慌, 惊慌, 慌乱 v. (使)恐慌, (使)惊慌失措 【同】fear; confusion; fright 【例】The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man falsely shouting fire in the theater and causing a panic. 对言论自由最严格的保护也不会保护一个在剧院里大喊失火而引起惊慌的人。She got into a panic when she thought she'd forgotten the tickets. 她想起忘记带入场券,顿时惊慌起来。The crowd panicked at the sound of the explosion. 爆炸声一响,人群便惊慌起来。The thunder panicked the horse. 雷声使马受惊了。
parachute ['p<rKSu:t] n.降落伞 vi. 跳伞 vt. 伞投, 空投
parade [pK'reid] n.游行, 检阅 v. (使)列队行进, (使)游行 【例】The Olympic Games begin with a parade of all the competing nations. 奥运会以参赛各国的列队行进开始。The strikers paraded through the city center. 罢工队伍游行穿过市中心。He is always parading his knowledge. 他总是夸耀自己的知识。
paradise ['p<rKdais] n.天堂, 乐园 【例】Hong Kong is a travellers' paradise. 香港是旅游者的乐园。Hong Kong is a travellers' paradise. 香港是旅游者的乐园。
paradox ['p<rKdOks] n.1.似乎矛盾而(可能)正确的说法2.自相矛盾的人(或事物) 【同】puzzle; ambiguity; inconsistency 【例】More haste, less speed is a well-known paradox. 欲速则不达是人们熟知的隽语。
parallel ['p<rKlel] n.1.可相比拟的事物, 相似处2.平行线, 平行面3.纬线 a. 1.平行的2.类似的, 相对应的3.并列的, 并联的, 并行的 vt. 与…相似, 与…相当, 比得上 【同】conforming; correspond; match 【例】The road and the railway are parallel to each other. 该公路和铁路平行。The railway lines run parallel to the road. 铁路线和那条道路平行。My experience in this matter is parallel to yours. 在这件事情上,我的经验和你的类似。The railway lines run parallel to the road. 铁路线和那条道路平行。My experience in this matter is parallel to yours. 在这件事情上,我的经验和你的类似。
paralyse ['p<rKlaiz] vt. 1.使瘫痪, 使麻痹2.使丧失作用3.使惊愕, 使呆若木鸡 【同】disable; make helpless 【例】The accident left her paralysed in both legs. 事故后她的腰部以下瘫痪了。She is paralysed in both arms. 她的两只胳膊麻痹。The electricity failure paralysed the water supply. 停电使水供应陷于瘫痪。Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear to fear itself —— nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. 我要坚持这一坚定的信念:我们惟一害怕的就是害怕本身──无名的、无理的、无稽的恐惧,它破坏了反退为进所需的努力。
parameter [pK'r<mitK] n.1.界限, 范围2.参数
parasite ['p<rKsait] n.1.寄生生物2.寄生虫 【例】The mistletoe plant is a parasite on trees. 槲寄生是寄生在树上的植物。Don't give money to him; he is a parasite. 别给他钱,他是个好吃懒做的人。
partial ['pA:Sl] a. 1.部分的, 不完全的2.(to)偏爱的, 癖好的3.(to)偏向一方的, 偏心的 【同】unfair; biased; prejudiced 【例】No human being is constituted to know the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth; and even the best of men must be content with fragments, with partial glimpses, never the full fruition. 没有一个人被指定掌握真理,全部的和纯粹的真理;甚至最杰出的人也得满足于掌握真理的片断,满足于对真理局部的一瞥,而非充分的掌握真理。His partial attitude called forth a lot of criticism. 他的偏袒态度招致了不少批评。I'm very partial to sweet foods. 我非常偏爱甜食。
participant [pA:'tisipKnt] n.参加者, 参与者
participate [pA:'tisipeit] vi. (in)参与, 参加 【例】Everyone in the class is expected to participate in the discussion actively. 希望全班同学积极参加讨论。
particle ['pA:tikl] n.1.微粒, 颗粒, 粒子2.小品词, 语助词 【同】scrap; bit 【例】Experience … is an immense sensibility, a kind of huge spider-web of the finest silken threads suspended in the chamber of consciousness, and catching every air-borne. 经验……是无限的感觉,是一种巨大的蛛网。它由极细的丝结成,悬在意识的房间里,在网上捕捉着空中漂浮的每一粒尘埃。We can see the dust particles floating in the sunlight clearly. 我们可以很清楚地看到阳光下的灰尘颗粒。There wasn't a particle of truth in what he said. 他说的没有一点真话。
partner ['pA:tnK] n.1.配偶, 搭档2.伙伴, 合伙人 vt. 做…的搭档 【例】The business is owned by two partners. 这家商行为两名合伙人所拥有。Are you sure you want him to be your partner? 你肯定你想要他作你的终身伴侣吗?
passion ['p<Sn] n.1.激情, 热情2.酷爱 【同】desire; emotion; feeling 【例】Passion is in all great searches and is necessary to all creative endeavors. 激情存在于一切伟大的追求中,对所有创造性活动都是必不可少的。The poet expressed his burning passion for the woman he loved. 诗人表达了他对所爱的女子火一般的激情。
passive ['p<siv] a. 被动的, 消极的【例】For example, an assertive person will say, “I can do these thing” and “I decided on this course of action,” whereas a more passive person might say. “These are the experiences I have had.” 例如,一个主动的人会说:“我能做这些事”和“我决定采取这些行动”,而被动的人则会说;“这是我的经历。”Television encourages passive enjoyment. 电视还鼓励消极娱乐。
pastime ['pA:staim] n.消遣, 娱乐 【同】recreation; amusement; hobby 【例】Photography is her favorite pastime. 摄影是她最喜爱的消遣。
pat [p<t] n.轻拍, 轻打 a. 非常恰当的, 切合的, 适时的
patch [p<tS] n.1.补片, 补丁2.斑, 与周围不同的部分3.一小块地 vt. 补, 修补
patent ['peitnt] n.专利, 专利权 a. (有关)专利(权)的, 受专利保护的 vt. 得到...的专利权 【同】license; monopolize; safeguard 【例】The devil is the father of lies, but he neglected to patent the idea, and the business now suffers from competition. 魔鬼是说谎之父,不过他忘了为这个创意取得专利,结果这一行当现在竞争激烈。Somehow, computer is no longer patent of professional engineers. 在某种程度上,计算机已不再是专业工程师的专利了。
patience ['peiSns] n.忍耐, 耐心【例】Patience, compassion and empathy are also important traits in being a good friend or partner. 耐心、热情和共识也是成为好朋友或好伙伴的重要特征。
patriotic [,p<tri'Otik] a. 爱国的, 有爱国心的, 显示爱国精神的 【同】devoted; zealous; dedicated 【例】Diplomacy. The patriotic art of lying for one’s country. 外交,名词。为了自己的国家说谎的爱国技艺。
pave [peiv] vt. 铺(路), 铺筑
pavement ['peivmKnt] n.(英)人行道
paw [pO:] n.爪, 爪子 v. 用爪子抓, 用蹄扒
payment ['peimKnt] n.1.支付的款项2.支付, 付款 【例】The payment of the goods is payable in instalments. 货款可以分期支付。They demand prompt payment. 他们要求立即付款。
pea [pi:] n.豌豆 【例】The sisters are as alike as two peas. 两姐妹长得一模一样。
peach [pi:tS] n.桃(树) 【例】The beauty of the peach blossom is beyond description. 桃花的美丽难以形容。
peak [pi:k] n.山峰, 顶点, 顶峰 vi. 达到高峰, 达到最大值 a. 最大值的, 高峰的 【例】The mountain peaks are covered with snow all year. 山顶上终年积雪。Tourism is at its peak in August. 旅游业在八月份达到高峰。Property prices have peaked. 房地产价格已达到最高点。
peanut ['pi:nVt] n.1.花生2.[pl.] 很少的钱 【例】He likes to eat peanut jam. 他喜欢吃花生酱。He pays his workers peanuts. 他付给他的工人极少的工资。
pebble ['pebl] n.卵石, 小圆石 【例】There are many pebbles on the riverbed. 河床上有很多卵石。
peculiar [pi'kju:liK] a. 1.奇怪的, 古怪的2.特有的, 独具的, 独特的 【同】unusual; uncommon; unique 【例】Hatred is something peculiar. You will always find it strongest and most violent where there is the lowest degree of culture. 敌意是一种古怪的东西。在教养最低之处,往往会发现最强烈、最狂热的敌意。The food has a peculiar taste. 这食物有种怪味道。This style of cooking is peculiar to the country. 这种烹调方法是那个国家的特色。
peculiarity [pi,kju:li'<riti] n.特性,独特性;怪癖 【例】These small spiced cakes are a peculiarity of the region. 这些别有风味的小蛋糕是该地的特产。She has peculiarities on diet. 她有饮食方面的怪癖。
pedal ['pedl] n.踏板, 踏脚 vi. 踩踏板, 骑车 vt. 脚蹬, 踩动...的踏板
peel [pi:l] vt. 削...的皮, 剥...的壳 vi. 剥落, 脱皮 n.(水果等的)皮, 外皮 【例】They peeled off their clothes and jumped into the water. 他们脱去外衣,跳入水中。The paint was peeling. 油漆正在剥落。
penalty ['penlti] n.处罚, 惩罚, 罚金 【同】fine; discipline; punishment 【例】Only the man who has enough good in him to feel the justice of the penalty can be punished; the others can only be hurt. 只有心中具备足够的善来感到惩罚有道理的人才能受罚,其余的人只能受伤害。She has paid the penalty for her crimes with five years in prison. 她因犯罪受到惩罚被判刑五年。One of the penalties of fame is that people point at you on the street. 当了名人的麻烦之一是在街上被人指指点点。。
pendulum ['pendjulKm] n.1.摆, 钟摆2.摇摆不定的事态(或局面) 【例】The pendulum of the clock in my room is a bear. 我房间的钟摆是小熊形状的。
penetrate ['penitreit] v. 1.透入, 渗入, 进入2.刺入, 刺穿3.洞察, 了解 【同】insert; enter; go through 【例】The sun too penetrates into privies, but is not polluted by them. 阳光也照进厕所,但不会遭到污染。
penetration [,peni'treiSn] n.穿入;渗透,侵入
penicillin [,peni'silin] n.青霉素,盘尼西林
peninsula [pK'ninsjulK] n.半岛 【例】Italy is a peninsula. 意大利是一个半岛。
pension ['pOnsiOn] n.养老金, 抚恤金 vt. 发给...养老金(或退职金、抚恤金等) 【同】allowance; payment; security 【例】Pension never enriched a young man. 年金无法使年轻人富裕。He retired on a company pension. 他退休时得到公司的退休金。He went to the post office to draw his pension. 他到银行去取退休金了。
pepper ['pepK] n.胡椒, 胡椒粉 vt. 在…上撒(胡椒粉等), 使布满 【例】Please pass me the pepper pot. 请把胡椒瓶递给我。
perceive [pK'si:v] vt. 1.感知, 感觉, 察觉2.认识到, 意识到, 理解 【同】observe; distinguish; notice 【例】There are no new truths, but only truths that have not been recognized by those who have perceived them without noticing. 没有什么新的真理,只有人们不经意地感觉到但没有认识到的真理。We perceived that we were unwelcome and left. 我们发觉自己不受欢迎,因此便离开了。
percentage [pK'sentidZ] n.百分比, 百分率 【例】We have only a small percentage of foreign books. 我们只有一少部分外文书。What percentage of the earth is covered by oceans? 地球上百分之多少被海水覆盖着?
performance [pK'fO:mKns] n.1.演出, 表演2.履行, 执行3.工作情况, 表现, (机器等)工作性能 【同】fulfillment; presentation; display 【例】He who is the most slow in making a promise is the most faithful in the performance of it. 最不轻易许诺的人履行诺言最认真。The novel is considered a brilliant performance. 这部小说被认为是出色的佳作。The car's performance on corners needs to be improved. 这辆车在转弯时的性能还需要改进。Consequently, it leads to poor self-esteem and sharp decline in academic performance. 因此,导致了他们的自卑感和学习成绩的急剧下降。
periodical [,piKri'Odikl] n.期刊 a. 周期的, 定期的, 时而发生的 【例】The periodical is obtainable on the very first day of every month. 这本杂志每月一号出版。
perish ['periS] vi. 1.丧生, 毁灭, 消亡2.(橡胶, 皮革等)失去弹性, 老化 【同】pass away; be lost; die 【例】The great tragedy of life is not that men perish but that they cease to love. 人生的巨大悲剧不是人们死亡,而是他们不再去爱。Almost a hundred people perished in the hotel fire last night. 近百人在昨夜旅馆的大火中丧生。The lumbermen were perished with cold. 伐木工人冻僵了。
permanent ['pK:mKnKnt] a. 永久(性)的, 固定的 【例】He was taken on for a three-month trial period before being accepted as a permanent member of staff. 在她被接受为固定雇员之前经过了三个月的 试用期。Have you any permanent address? 你有固定地址吗?
permission [pK'miSn] n.允许, 许可, 准许 【例】It is illegal to copying this book without the permission of Professor Wang Lin and Xuehang Training Cente. With your permission I'll leave now. 如果你同意的话,我现在就动身。Did she give you permission? 她向你表示同意了吗?
perpetual [pK'petSuKl] a. 1.永久的, 永恒的, 长期的2.无休止的, 没完没了的 【同】once and for all; everlasting 【例】To be in love is merely to be in a state of perpetual anaesthesis —— to mistake an ordinary young man for a Greek god or an ordinary young woman for a goddess. 陷于恋爱不过是进入长久的感觉缺失状态──把一个平平常常的小伙子误认为希腊神话的神,或将一个普普通通的姑娘当成女神。She's tired of their perpetual chatter. 她对他们没完没了的闲谈感到厌倦。Double agents live in a perpetual state of fear. 两面派永远过着提心吊胆的生活。
perplex [pK'pleks] v. 使困惑, 使费解, 使复杂化 【同】puzzle; confound; bewilder; confuse 【例】The whole fair is very perplexing. 整件事令人感到莫名其妙。When new math was introduced into schools, many parents were perplexed by it. 当学校开设新的数学课时,许多家长对此感 到迷惑不解。Faced with that dilemma, he was perplexed. 他面对进退两难的局面,不知如何是好。
persecute ['pK:sikju:t] vt. 1.迫害, 虐待2.纠缠, 骚扰 【同】punish or treat cruelly; worry 【例】Throughout history religious minorities have been persecuted. 纵观历史,宗教上的少数派始终受迫害。They came to America after being persecuted for their religious beliefs. 他们是在他们因宗教信仰而受到迫害之后来 到美洲的。He persecuted me with various delicate questions. 他用种种微妙的问题把我难倒了。
persist [pK'sist] vi. 1.(in)坚持不懈, 执意2.持续, 继续存在 【例】If you persist in breaking the law you will go to prison. 如果你再继续违法的话,你会坐牢的。The cold weather will persist for the rest of the week. 这种寒冷的天气将持续到本周末。
personality [,pK:sK'n<liti] n.1.人格, 名人2.人物, 名人 【同】character; nature; figure 【例】Personality is to man what perfume is to a flower. 个性之于人一如香气之于花。He has a dynamic personality. 他是个性活跃的人。She is quite a personality. 她相当有个性。It is quite obvious that, in an enjoyable classroom lesson, not only do we learn the knowledge in books but we also acquire some spiritual things brought about by the teacher’s personality. 很明显,在趣味性的课堂上,我们不仅仅学到了书本知识,而且还获得了由老师的个性带来的精神食粮。
perspective [pK'spektiv] n.1.视角, 观点, 想法2.远景, 景观3.透视画法, 透视图 【同】aspect; attitude; viewpoint 【例】If a woman’s adult efforts are concentrated exclusively on her children, she is more likely to stifle than broaden her children’s perspective and preparation for adult life. 如果一位妇女把成年后的心思全都用在孩子身上,她更有可能是压制而非拓宽孩子对成年生活的视角和准备。You must get the story in its right perspectives. 你必须正确地了解这件事。Artists didn't understand perspective in those days. 在那个年代艺术家们不懂透视法。
persuasion [pK'sweiZn] n.1.说服(力), 劝说2.信念, 信仰 【例】In spite of my efforts at persuasion, he wouldn't agree. 尽管我努力劝说,他还是不同意。It's my persuasion that such people should not be allowed to enter this country. 我认为不该让这样的人进入这个国家。
pessimistic [,pesi'mistik] a. 悲观(主义)的
pest [pest] n.1.有害生物, 害虫2.讨厌的人 【例】Stores of grain are frequently attacked by pests. 储存的谷物经常受到害虫的破坏。That child is an absolute pest! 那孩子讨厌极了!
petition [pK'tiSn] n.请愿书, 申请书, 诉状 v. (向...)请愿, 正式请求 【同】appeal; earnest request; prayer 【例】Business underlies everything in our national life, including our spiritual life. Witness the fact that in the Lord’s Prayer the first petition is for daily bread. 工作是我们国家生活中一切事情的基础,包括我们的精神生活,主祷文首先祈求每日的食粮便是明证。They rejected his petition for naturalization. 他们拒绝了他的入籍申请。She filed a petition for divorce. 她提出了离婚申请。She petitioned her neighbor to turn down the radio. 她请求邻居把收音机关小点声。
petty ['peti] a. 1.小的, 琐碎的, 不重要的2.气量小的, 心胸狭窄的 【同】trivial; insignificant; unimportant 【例】Women who are in love forgive grave infidelities more than petty indiscretions. 恋爱中的女子更多地原谅重大的不忠实而非细小的不检点。She is very petty at times. 她有时很小心眼。
phase [feiz] n.1.阶段, 时期2.面, 方面3.(月)相, 相位 vt. 分阶段实行(或计划) 【同】state; stage; aspect 【例】It is often at the concluding phase of a work that we know how we should have done it. 我们往往是在工作的最后阶段才明白本应如何去做。The child is going through a difficult phase. 那孩子正经历困难的阶段。The two sets of traffic lights were out of phase. 那两组交通灯不同步。
photoelectric [,fKutKui'lektrik] a.光电的
photographic [,fKutK'gr<fik] a.摄影的,摄影用的 【例】He is working in his photographic studio. 他正在摄影室工作。My little brother has a photographic memory. 我的小弟弟有着过目不忘的记忆力。
physical ['fizikl] a. 1.身体的, 肉体的2.物理的, 物理学的3.物质的, 有形的 n.体检 【同】actually; bodily; materially 【例】Mankind never loses any good thing, physical, intellectual, or moral, till it finds a better, and then the loss is a gain. 人类决不会丢失任何好的东西,物质的、知识的或道德的都不会,除非发现了更好的;那时的失去也就是获得。It's a physical impossibility to be in two places at one time. 同时在两地是自然规律上不可能的事。
physician [fi'ziSn] n.内科医生 【例】He was attended by his personal physician. 他的私人医生护理他。
pickpocket ['pikpOkit] n. 扒手
pickup ['pikVp] n. 收集;整理; ?刺激物?
pictorial [pik'tO:riKl] a. 绘画的,插图的,用图画表示的 【例】We have watched the pictorial record of the event. 我们已观看了这一事件的图片记录。
pierce [piKs] v. 1.刺穿, 刺破, 穿透2.穿孔(于), 打眼(于) 【例】The needle pierced her finger. 针刺进了她的手指。The regiment pierced through the enemy's lines. 这个团突破了敌军防线。
pigeon ['pidZKn] n.鸽子 【例】He is building a pigeon house for his racing pigeons. 他正在为他的赛鸽建鸽棚。
pill [pil] n.药丸 【例】Occasionally she had to take sleeping pills. 她偶尔不得不吃安眠药。
pillar ['pilK] n.1.柱, 支柱2.台柱, 栋梁 【例】The enemy was hurried from pillar to post. 敌人被赶得东逃西窜走投无路。He has been a pillar of the Church all his life. 他一生都是教会的热心支持者。
pillow ['pilKu] n.枕头 【例】I want to consult with my pillow before I take a decision. 在我做出决定前,我要好好考虑一下。Her arm pillowed the sleeping child. 熟睡的孩子枕着她的手臂。
pinch [pintS] v. 1.捏, 掐2.夹痛, 轧痛 n.1.捏, 掐2.(一)撮, 微量 【例】The new shoes pinched my toes. 这双新鞋紧得夹脚趾。He was pinched with cold and hunger. 他饥寒交迫。The door pinched my finger as it shut. 门关上时夹了我的手指。
pint [paint] n.品脱 【例】I bought a pint of milk in the store. 我在这家商店里买了一品脱牛奶。
pipeline ['paiplain] n.管道,管线
pirate ['pairKt] n.1.非法盗印(或复制)者, 侵犯版权者2.海盗 vt. 盗用, 非法盗印(或复制) 【例】The sailor suddenly saw a pirate jumping onto the deck. 那水手忽然看到一名海盗跳上了甲板。
pistol ['pistl] n.手枪 【例】The runners were called back because one of them beat the pistol. 赛跑运动员们被叫回来,因为他们中有一人 抢跑了。
piston ['pistKn] n.活塞
pitch [pitS] n.1.(板球、足球等的)球场2.程度, 强度3.(音符或嗓音的)高度, 音高4.沥青 vt. 1.投掷, 扔2.使猛然倒下3.(用某种方式或水平)表达, 把...定于特定程度(或标准等) 4. 【例】Touch pitch, and you will be defiled. 近朱者赤,近墨者黑。We planned to pitch our camps in the mountains. 我们计划在山里扎营。The ship pitched in the storm. 船在风暴中颠簸。
plague [pleig] n.1.瘟疫, 鼠疫2.灾难, 祸患 vt. 使痛苦(或难受), 给...造成困难(或麻烦) 【同】disturb; epidemic; bother 【例】One was never married, and that’s his hell; another is, and that’s his plague. 一个人从未结婚,这是他的痛苦;另一个结了婚,这是他的灾难。A great plague was then raging in the city. 那时一场大瘟疫正在该城肆虐。The plague has broken out. 突然发生了鼠疫。
planet ['pl<nit] n.行星 【例】The Earth is a planet. 地球是一颗行星。The planets of our solar system are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. 我们太阳系的行星有水星、金星、地球、火 星、木星、土星、天王星、海王星和冥王星。
plantation [pl<n'teiSn] n.种植园, 人工林 【例】There were hundreds of slaves in the plantation. 这个种植园里有数百名奴隶。
plaster ['plA:stK] n.1.灰浆, 灰泥2.石膏3.橡皮膏, 膏药 vt. 在...上抹灰泥, 厚厚地涂抹 【例】The doctor had to hold his broken arm with a plaster cast. 医生不得不用石膏绷带来固定他断了的胳膊。
plateau ['pl<tKu] n.1.高原2.(上升后的)稳定时期(或状态) 【例】Sales have now reached a plateau. 销售现已开始停滞不前。
plausible ['plO:zKbl] a. 似有道理的, 似乎正确的, 貌似可信的 【同】hypocritical; deceptive 【例】They provided a plausible explanation for the phenomenon. 他对这个现象给出了一个似乎有理的解释。
plead [pli:d] vi. 1.恳求, 请求2.申诉, 答辩, 辩护 vt. 1.为...辩护2.提出...为理由(或借口) 【同】defend; ask earnestly 【例】He reminds me of the man who murdered both his parents and then, when sentence was about to be announced, pleaded for mercy on the grounds that he was an orphan. 他使我想起了一个人,这人试谋害了亲生父母,在即将宣判时又乞求从宽,理由为自己是个孤儿。He pleaded with his mother to allow him to go to the circus. 他请求他母亲答应他去看马戏。She pleaded that she felt very tired. 她推说她觉得很疲劳。The girl charged with murder was said to be mad and unfit to plead. 据说那个被指控谋杀的女孩是疯子,不能为自己申辩。
pledge [pledZ] n.保证, 誓言 vt. 保证, 许诺 【同】oath; vow; agreement; promise 【例】We mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 我们互相保证彼此的生命、财产和神圣的名誉。Take this ring as a pledge of our friendship. 请接受这个戒指作为我们友谊的信物。She pledged her support to us. 她保证支持我们。They pledged never to tell the secret. 他们发誓决不泄密。
plentiful ['plentifKl] a. 丰富的, 充足的, 大量的 【例】The camp has a plentiful supply of food. 营地有充足的食品供应。
plot [plOt] n.1.故事情节2.(秘密)计划, 密谋3.小块地皮, 小块土地 vt. 1.密谋, 计划2.绘制...平面图, 在图上标绘...的位置 vi. 密谋, 计划 【同】scheme; trick; ground 【例】We tolerate differences of opinion in people who are familiar to us. But differences of opinion in people we do not know sound like heresy or plots. 我们容忍熟悉的人的不同意见。然而不了解的人的不同意见听起来像是异端或阴谋。I grow potatoes on my little plot of land. 我在那一小块地上种土豆。The plot thickens. 情节复杂起来了。They are plotting how to murder him. 他们在密谋如何杀害他。They plotted the new position of each vessel. 他们标明每艘船的新位置。
plug [plVg] n.1.插头, 插座2.塞子, 栓 vt. 把...塞住, 用...塞住 【例】You can plug into the national computer network. 你可以接通全国计算机网络。She pulled the plug out of the bathtub and the dirty water ran away. 她把浴缸的塞子拔掉,脏水流走了。
plunge [plVndZ] vi. 1.纵身投入, 一头进入2.猛冲3.猛跌, 骤降 vt. 1.(猛力)把...投入(或刺进)2.使突然陷入, 遭受 n.1.投身入水2.猛跌, 骤降 【例】She plunged her hands into her coat pockets. 她把两手插在上衣口袋里。The car stopped suddenly and he plunged forward. 汽车突然停下,他的身子朝前一冲。
plural ['pluKrKl] a. 复数的 n.复数 【例】Most plural nouns in English end in s. 英语的复数名词多以s结尾。The verb should be in the plural. 这个动词应用复数形式。
plus [plVs] prep. 加, 加上 n.1.加号, 正号2.有利因素 a. 表示加的, 正的 【例】The bill was USD10, plus USD1 for postage. 帐款是10美元,再加上一美元邮费。We've got to fit five people plus all their luggage in the car. 我们得在汽车里挤下五个人和全部行李。Two plus five is seven. 二加五等于七。
pneumonia [nju:'mKuniK] n.肺炎 【例】Take care of getting atypical pneumonia. 小心得非典型性肺炎。
poisonous ['pOizKnKs] a. 1.有毒的2.恶毒的, 刻毒的 【例】Some plants have poisonous berries. 有些植物的浆果有毒。She gave him a poisonous look. 她恶狠狠地瞪了他一眼。
polish ['pOliS] vt. 1.磨光, 擦亮2.修改, 使优美, 润色 n.擦光剂, 上光腊 【同】shine; glaze 【例】We must beat the iron while it is hot, but we may polish it at leisure. 打铁必须趁热,抛光可待暇时。I polished my buttons with a handkerchief. 我用手帕把钮扣擦亮。It's an honest book but it hasn't been polished. 这本书写得真诚坦率,但还未经润色。
politics ['pOlKtiks] n.1.政治, 政治学2.政纲, 政见
poll [pOl] n.1.民意测验2.[常pl.] 政治选举, 大选 vt. 1.对...进行民意测验2.获得(...张选票) 【同】question; register; enroll; examine 【例】Do you ever get the feeling that the only reason we have elections is to find out if the polls were right? 你有没有过这种感觉,即我们举行选举的惟一理由就是弄清民意测验是否准确? The result of the poll won't be known until midnight. 投票结果要到半夜才能知道。Mr. Hill polled over 3,000 votes. 希尔先生获得3,000 多票。A large vote was polled. 投票踊跃。
pollute [pK'lu:t] vt. 1.弄脏, 污染2.腐蚀 【例】The river has been polluted by waste products from the factory. 这条河已经受到工厂排放的废料的污染。It prevents children from being polluted by some negative influence. 它使儿童避免受到一些负面影响。
popularity [,pOpju'l<riti] n.通俗性;普及,流行 【例】His popularity among working people remains as strong as ever. 他在劳动人民中一如既往声望很高。Her books have been in popularity recently. 她的书近来大受欢迎。
porridge ['pOridZ] n.粥,麦片粥 【例】I had a bowl of porridge for breakfast. 我早餐吃了一碗麦片粥。
portable ['pO:tKbl] a. 便于携带的, 手提式的, 轻便的 【例】Portable telephones are very popular nowadays. 现今,移动电话非常普及。The documents have been typed into a portable computer. 文件已经被输入到一台便携式电脑里了。
porter ['pO:tK] n.1.搬运工作2.看门人, 大楼管理员 【例】The porter will carry your luggage to your room. 搬运工会把你的行李搬到你的房间去的。
portrait ['pO:trit] n.肖像, 画像 【例】He finished the portrait in a few minutes. 他几分钟就完成了一副肖像画。She had her portrait painted. 她让人给自己画了像。The book contains a fascinating portrait of life at the court of Henry VIII. 该书生动地描写了亨利八世的宫廷生活。
pose [pKuz] vt. 1.造成, 引起(困难等)2.提出(问题等), 陈述(论点等) vi. 1.摆姿势2.假装, 冒充, 装腔作势 n.样子, 姿势 【同】pretend; act 【例】She poses as an expert in old coins. 她自诩为古币专家。The artist posed his model carefully. 这个艺术家仔细地把他的模型放好。All the subjects are well posed. 所有的东西都摆好了位置。Pollution poses a threat to the continued existence of this species. 污染对这一物种的继续生存造成了威胁。He is always talking about his deep interest in literature, but it's just a pose. 他经常说他对文学有浓厚的兴趣,其实这不过是附庸风雅而已。
possibility [,pOsK'biliti] n.1.可能(性)2.可能的事 【例】We must accept the possibility that we might be wrong. 我们必须承认,我们有可能搞错了。She thought of several possibilities. 她考虑了几种可能的情况。I see great possibilities in the scheme. 我看这计划很可能成功。
postage ['pKustidZ] n.邮费, 邮资 【例】What is the postage for an air letter? 寄一封航空信的邮费要多少?
postal ['pKustl] a.邮政的,邮局的 【例】He sent me some postal cards from Paris. 他从巴黎给我寄来几张明信片。
postman ['pKustmKn] n.邮递员 【例】The postman was bitten by a fierce dog. 那个邮递员被一只恶狗咬了。
potential [pK'tenSl] a. 潜在的, 可能的 n.潜力, 潜能 【同】implied; inherent 【例】Most of us haven’t begun to tap our own for happiness. It is as if we are waiting for permission to start living fully, but the only person who can give us that permission is ourselves. 我们大多数人尚未着手开发自身获取幸福的潜力。我们仿佛在等待开始充分生活的允许,可是惟一能够给予这种允许的人就是我们自己。Education develops potential abilities. 教育能开发人的潜能。He hasn't realized his full potential yet. 他还没有意识到他的全部潜能。If man’s attention is only put on the potential of scientific achievements, the earth’s limited resources will not be able to feed the increasing mouths. 如果人类的注意力仍然只放在技术的开发的潜能上,那么,地球上有限的资源将无法在供养不断增多的人口。
poultry ['pKultri] n.家禽, 禽肉 【例】The poultry are being fed. 家禽正在吃饲料。Poultry is rather cheap now. 现在的禽肉相当便宜。
powder ['paudK] n.粉, 粉末 【例】He took a powder every morning. 他每天服用药粉。I know the smell of powder. 我上过战场。
powerful ['pauKfKl] a. 1.强大的, 有力的, 有权的2.强壮的, 强健的 【例】This defeat was a powerful blow to the enemy. 这次失败是对敌人的有力的打击。
practically ['pr<ktikli] ad.1.几乎, 简直2.实际上 【同】unimaginatively; effectively; almost 【例】I have often been struck by the fact that the symptoms of laziness and fatigue are practically identical. 这一事实常常给我以很深印象:懒散和疲劳的征候实际上是相同的。He knew practically no English. 他实际上不懂英语。He is practically ruined. 他几乎破产了。
precaution [pri'kO:Sn] n.预防, 防备, 警惕 【同】forethought; regard; care 【例】There is only one danger I find in life —— you may take too many precautions. 我发现生活中只有一种危险──你可能对危险采取了过多的预防措施。I took the precaution of locking everything in the safe. 我把一切东西都锁在保险箱里以防万一。You should take an umbrella just as a precaution. 你该带把伞,有备无患。
precede [pri'si:d] vt. 在…之前, 先于 【例】He came in, preceded by his wife. 他和他的妻子一前一后地走了进来。He preceded his speech with a few words of welcome the special guests. 他在演讲之前先说了几句对特邀来宾表示欢迎的话。
preceding [pri'si:diN] a. 在先的, 在前的, 前面的 【同】previous; prior; ahead of 【例】This has been explained in the preceding chapters. 这在前面几章里已经解释过了。
precise [pri'sais] a. 1.精确的, 准确的2.严谨的 【例】At the precise moment that I put my foot on the step, the bus started. 恰恰就在我登上公共汽车踏板的时候,车子开动了。
precision [pri'siZn] n.精确(性), 精密(度) 【例】Your report lacks precision. 你的报告不够准确。The diagram had been copied with great precision. 该图表的复印件很精确。
predict [pri'dikt] vt. 预言, 预测, 预告 【例】The economists predicted an increase in the rate of inflation. 经济学家预言通货膨胀率将会增长。The fortune-teller predicted that I would marry a doctor. 算命先生预言我会同一位医生结婚。
predominant [pri'dOminKnt] a. 占主导地位的, 显著的 【同】influential; dominant; prevailing 【例】Which country is the predominant member of the alliance? 哪个国家在联盟居于支配地位? Which country is the predominant member of the alliance? 哪个国家在联盟中居于支配地位? Her predominant characteristic is honesty. 她最为突出的特点是诚实。
preface ['prefis] n.序言, 引言, 前言 【同】introduction; beginning 【例】Ms. asked me to write a preface to her book. 杜女士请我给她的书写一篇序言。The preface of this book is very brief. 这本书的序言非常简短。The preface of this diary recounted her life. 这本日记的前言叙述了她的生活。She prefaced her remarks with a few words of welcome to the guest. 她先讲了几句对客人表示欢迎的话作为开场白。
preferable ['prefrKbl] a. 更可取的, 更好的, 更合意的 【同】desirable; favorable 【例】Ignorance is preferable to error; and he is less remote from the truth who believes nothing, than he who believes what is wrong. 无知犹胜于错误。什么都不相信的人与真理的距离不像相信谬论的人的那样远。He finds country life preferable to that of living in the city. 他感到在乡村生活比在城市更好。Cold food would be preferable in this heat. 在这样的热天吃冷食更好。
preference ['prefrKns] n.1.喜爱, 偏爱, 优先(权)2.偏爱的事物(或人) 【例】I don't know your preferences, so please help yourself. 我不知道你喜欢吃什么,请你自便吧。We've granted that country special trade preferences. 我们给了那个国家特殊的贸易优惠。In considering people for jobs, we give preference to those with some experience. 对于求职者,我们优先考虑有一定经验的人。
prejudice ['predZudis] n.偏见, 成见 vt. 1.使有偏见2.对…不利, 损害 【同】unfairness; partiality; inclination 【例】Prejudice is the child of ignorance. 偏见是无知的产物。A judge must be free from prejudice. 法官必须不抱成见。They accused him of having a prejudice against his women employees. 他们指责他歧视女雇员。A new law has been brought in to discourage racial prejudice. 一项反对种族歧视的新法律已被提出。His pleasant voice and manner prejudiced the jury in his favor. 他那令人愉快的声音和举止使陪审团对他产生了偏心。
preliminary [pri'liminKri] a. 预备的, 初步的 n.初步做法, 起始行为 【同】introductory; preceding; preparatory 【例】The Three Gorges Project has completed its preliminary stage successfully. 三峡工程首期已顺利完成。Our team got beaten in the preliminary rounds of the competition. 我们队在这次比赛的预赛中遭淘汰。May I make a few preliminary remarks before we start the interview? 在我们开始面试之前,我先说几句话可以吗? There are a lot of preliminaries to be gone through before you can visit a foreign country. 在出访外国之前要做好许多准备工作。
preparation [,prepK'reiSn] n.1.准备(工作), 预备2.制剂 【例】He didn't do any preparation for this exam, so he failed. 他考试前没做任何准备,所以不及格。Preparations for the Queen's visit are almost complete. 女王访问的筹备工作已基本就绪。
preposition [,prepK'ziSn] n.介词 【例】Preposition is abbreviated as prep. in this dictionary. 介词在词典中略作 prep.。
prescribe [pri'skraib] vt. 1.开(药), 吩咐采用(某种疗法)2.规定, 指定 【同】guide; direct; order 【例】If I were a medical man, I should prescribe a holiday to any patient who considered his work important. 我如果是医生,就会给一切认为自己的工作非同小可的病人开一天假的处方。What medicine did the doctor prescribe for your illness? 医生开了什么药来治你的病? Regulations prescribe that a lawyer draw up the paper. 条文规定必须由律师拟定此公文。
prescription [pri'skripSn] n.1.处方, 药方, (医生开的)药2.开处方, 开药方 【例】The doctor is writing a prescription. 医生正在开处方。His prescription for economic recovery was not well received. 他为经济复苏提出的对策反应不佳。The prescription of drugs is a doctor's responsibility. 开药方是医生的职责。
presently ['prezntli] ad. 1.不久, 一会儿2.现在, 目前 【例】The doctor will be here presently. 医生一会儿就到。The professor is presently writing a book. 这位教授目前正在写一本书。
preservation [,prezK'veiSn] n.保存,储藏;保持 【例】The aim of the policy is the preservation of peace. 这一政策旨在维护和平。The paintings were in an excellent state of preservation. 这些画保存的非常好。
preside [pri'zaid] vi. (at, over)主持, 主管 【例】The old professor had presided over a seminar for theoretical physicists. 老教授主持了一次理论物理学家的研讨会。The hostess presided at table with tact and urbanity. 女主人招待客人进餐时风雅而又得体。Some people believe that the Fates preside over man's destiny. 有些人相信,命运之神支配人类的命运。
presumably [pri'zju:mKbli] ad. 大概, 可能, 据推测 【同】likely; probably; reasonably 【例】She is aware of the difficulties, presumably? 她对这些困难大概了解吧?
presume [pri'zju:m] vt. 1.推测, 假定, (没有证据地)相信2.冒昧(做), 擅(做)3.认定, 推定 vi. 擅自行事 【例】The law presumes innocence until guilt is proved. 在罪状未证实前,法律假定被告无罪。I didn't presume to interpret it. 我不敢对这一点妄加解释。A signed invoice presumes receipt of the shipment. 经过签字的发票表示货物已经收到。
pretext ['pri:tekst] n.借口, 托词 【同】excuse; pretense 【例】We’ll have to find a pretext for not going to the party. 我们不去参加聚会得找个借口才是。He came to see me on the pretext of asking my advice. 他以请我指教为借口来看我。We'll have to find a pretext for not going to the party. 我们得找个借口不去参加聚会。
prevail [pri'veil] vi. 1.流行, 盛行2.(over)获胜, 占优势3.(on, upon)说服, 劝说, 诱使 【同】predominate; control; command 【例】Sadness prevailed in our mind. 我们的心中充满悲痛。Misty weather prevails in this part of the country. 该国的这一地区天气多雾。
prevalent ['prevKlKnt] a. 流行的, 普遍的 【例】Eye diseases are prevalent in some tropical countries. 在一些热带国家,眼疾很流行。
previous ['pri:viKs] a. 1.先, 前, 以前的2.(to)在...之前 【例】Have you had previous career experience? 你过去有过工作经验吗? Previous to the conference we had discussed the matter among ourselves. 在会议之前,我们讨论了这个问题。
priceless ['praislKs] adj.无价的,极贵的
prime [praim] a. 1.首要的, 主要的2.最好的, 第一流的 n.1.青春, 壮年2.全盛时期 vt. 使完成准备工作, 使准备好 【同】earliest; principal; original 【例】what is the prime of life? May it not be defined as a period of about twenty years in woman’s life, and thirty in man’s? 生命的黄金时节何在?难道不就是女人生命中大约20年、男人生命中大约30 年的一段时期么? What was said was of prime importance. 说过的那件事是很重要的。He makes it his prime care. 他极为重视这件事。
primitive ['primitiv] a. 1.原始的, 早期的2.简单的, 粗糙的 n.原(始)人, 原始事物 【同】ancient; savage; fundamental 【例】With the warmth of embers in my face, a black night around me and a star-pierced sky above, I feel transplanted above, I feel transposed to an ancestor in a primitive age. 脸上是余烬的温暖,周围是暗夜,头上是星光闪耀的夜空,我感到自己变成了原始时期的先民。Primitive man made himself primitive tools from sharp stones and animal bones. 原始人用尖石块和兽骨为自己制作原始的工具。Small seashells were often used as a primitive kind of money. 小贝壳常被用作简单的货币。
principle ['prinsKpl] n.1.原则, 原理, 道义2.基本信念, 信条 【例】We adhere to the principle that everyone should be treated fairly. 我们必须坚持人人都应该被平等对待这一原则。
priority [prai'OrKti] n.1.优先(权), 重点2.优先考虑的事 【同】superiority; preference; precedence 【例】We should give priority to such a problem. 我们必须优先解决这一个问题。Individuals with limited budgets usually get their priorities right: they provide themselves with necessities before trying to obtain luxuries. 资金不足的个人通常会分清轻重缓急:先保障生活必需品,然后才希图奢侈品。
privilege ['privKlidZ] n.特权, 优惠 【同】right; opportunity 【例】To have become a deeper man is the privilege of those who have suffered. 变得更加深谋远虑是受磨难的人的特权。It was a privilege to work with him. 和他在一起工作是一项殊荣。
probe [prKub] v. 1.探索, 查究, 调查2.用探针(或探测器等)探查,探测 n.1.探针, 探测器2.探索, 调查 【同】investigate; examine 【例】Imagination mean profundity. No cerebral function can probe more deeply into the objects. 想象意味着深度,大脑的任何功能都不能比想象更深入对象。Information about Venus obtained by Russian probes has been published on some magazines. 许多杂志发表了由俄国航天探测器获得的有关金星的信息。The journalist was probing into several financial scandals. 那记者正在调查几起财务丑闻。He probed the mud with a stick, looking for the ring he had dropped. 他用树枝在泥里探寻,想找回丢失的戒指。
procedure [prK'si:dZK] n.程序, 手续, 步骤 【同】fashion; style; plan 【例】All was fair in love, war, and parliamentary procedure. 在求爱、战争和议会程序中,怎么做都是公平的。He is familiar with export procedure. 他对出口程序很熟悉。Obtaining a refund from the company is a complicated procedure. 向公司索取退款手续很复杂。What's the procedure for opening a bank account? 在银行开办账户要办什么手续?
proceeding [prK'si:diN] n.程序,行动,事项 【同】process; transaction; performance 【例】The proceedings will begin with a speech to welcome the guests. 大会议程首先是向来宾致欢迎词。
process ['prKuses] n.1.过程, 进程2.工序, 制作法3.(法律)程序, (诉讼)手续 vt. 加工, 处理, 办理 【例】Producing a dictionary is a slow process. 编成一本字典是一个缓慢的过程。It will do harm to the whole process of their growth. 这对他们的厂长过程是有害的。
procession [prK'seSn] n.队伍, 行列 【例】The troops walked in procession through the street. 军队排成队伍走过街道。
proclaim [prK'kleim] vt. 1.宣告, 宣布, 声明2.显示 【同】declare; advertise 【例】The optimist proclaims that we live in the best of the possible worlds; and the pessimist fears this is true. 乐观主义者声称我们生活在所能生活的最好的世界上,悲观者则生怕这是真的。The president proclaimed that a new currency would be issued. 总统宣布将发行新货币。His accent proclaimed that he was an American. 他的口音表明他是一个美国人。
productive [prK'dVktiv] a. 1.多产的, 富饶的2.富有成效的 【例】They work hard, but their efforts are not very productive. 他们很努力,但效率不太高。She was elected a productive worker. 她被选为劳动能手。I spent a very productive hour in the library. 我在图书馆里的这一小时收获很大。
profession [prK'feSn] n.1.职业, 自由职业2.[the -] 同业, 同行3.公开表示, 表白 【例】He is a doctor by profession. 他的职业是医生。I don't believe her profession of friendship for us. 我不相信她声称同我们友好。Finally, I was aware that in today’s world professions require years of specialized training. 最后,我很清楚,在今天的社会上,许多职业要求受到过多年的专业培训。
proficiency [prK'fiSnsi] n.熟练, 精通 【同】learning; knowledge; ability 【例】A computer certificate will indicate your proficiency in computer. 计算机证书将证明你精通此道。
profile ['prKufail] n.1.(面部或头部的)侧面(像)2.传略, 人称简介3.轮廓, 形象4.姿态, 引人注目的状态 vt. 为...描绘(轮廓等), 写...传略(或概况) 【同】figure; form; outline 【例】A face in profile cannot stimulate a smile among children. 小孩不会因看到一个人脸的侧面而微笑。I photographed him in profile. 我从侧面给他拍照。The government is trying to keep a low profile on this issue. 政府力图在这个问题上保持低姿态。My boss asked me to write a profile for the new tennis champion. 我上司让我给这位新网球冠军写篇小传。
profound [prK'faund] a. 深度的, 深切的, 深远的2.知识渊博的, 见解深刻的3.深奥的 【同】deep; bottomless; subterranean 【例】The opposite of a correct statement is a false statement. But the opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth. 一种正确说法的对立物是一种错误的说法。一种深刻的真理的对立物则很可能是另一种深刻的真理。Strange creatures live in the profound depths of the ocean. 大洋深处生活着奇异的生物。Our professor is a man of profound learning. 我们的教授是一个学识渊博的人。They listened to the speaker with profound interest. 他们怀着浓厚的兴趣聆听着演讲者。
progressive [prK'gresiv] a. 1.进步的, 先进的2.前进的, 渐进的, 累进的3.(动词)进行式的 【同】advancing; mounting; liberal 【例】The grandest of all laws is the law of development. 一切法则之中,至高无上的是进步发展的法则。That famous progressive thinker was asked to deliver a speech at the meeting. 那位著名的进步思想家被邀请在会议上发表演讲。Could this verb be used in progressive form? 这个动词可以用进行式吗?
prohibit [prK'hibit] vt. 禁止, 不准 【同】forbid; restrict; ban 【例】Nature’s law affirm instead of prohibit. If you violate her laws, you are your own persecuting attorney, judge, jury and hangman. 自然法则只下断言不加阻止。倘若违返,你就成为自己的检察官、法官、陪审团,以及刽子手。Smoking is prohibited here. 这里禁止吸烟。I fear that a prior engagement will prohibit me from joining you in dinner. 有约在先,我恐怕不能与你共进晚餐。Rainy weather and fog prohibited flying. 雨天和大雾妨碍了飞行。In recent years, students from both primary and middle schools are, for many times, prohibited from playing video games, but in vain. 近年来,多次禁止中小学生玩电子游戏,但是却无济于事。
project ['prOdZekt] n.1.方案, 计划2.课题, 项目3.工程 vt. 1.投射, 发射, 放映2.使伸出 vi. 伸出, 突出 【同】outline; plan; thrust out 【例】Young men are fitter to invent than to judge; fitter for execution than for counsel; and fitter for new projects than for settled business. 年轻人更适于创新而非判断,执行而非决策,从事新的计划而既定工作。Their project to establish a new national park will be completed next year. 他们建造一个新的国家公园的工程将于明年完工。A missile was projected into space. 导弹被发射升空。He planted some flowers on the balcony that projects over the street. 他在那个伸出到街上的阳台上种了些花。Artistic projects, which are symbols of the city, can boost local tourism.作为城市的象征,艺术项目能促进当地的旅游业。
projector [prK'dZektK] n.投影仪;探照灯
prolong [prK'lON] vt. 延长, 拉长, 拖延 【同】lengthen; draw out; continue 【例】The true way to render age vigorous is to prolong the youth of the mind. 使老年保持活力的可靠方法是延长心灵的青春。The meeting may be prolonged into the evening because so many problems have to be solved tonight. 会议可能要延长到夜里,因为今晚有太多问题要解决。
prominent ['prOminKnt] 1.突出的, 杰出的2.突起的, 凸出的 【同】extended; conspicuous; protruding 【例】I joke about every prominent man of my time, but I never net a man I didn’t like. 我拿同代的每个杰出人物开玩笑,不过从没有过一个我不喜欢的人。The house is in a prominent position on the village green. 这间屋子在村子的中心草地上,处于引人注目的位置。Einstein was a prominent scientist. 爱因斯坦是一位卓越的科学家。
promising ['prOmisiN] a. 有希望的, 有前途的 【同】assuring; encouraging; hopeful 【例】The young scientist is promising and he surely will succeed. 这位年轻的科学家大有所为,一定会成功的。
promote [prK'mKut] vt. 1.促进, 增进, 发扬2.提升, 提拔3.宣传, 推销(商品等) 【例】The young army officer was promoted to the rank of captain. 这个年轻军官被提升为上尉。After this win, Manchester United was promoted to the First Division. 这次踢赢之后,曼彻斯特联队升入了甲级。Exercise promotes health. 锻炼可增进健康。
pronoun ['prKunaun] n.代词 【例】Please make a sentence with this pronoun. 请用这个代词造一个句子。
propeller [prK'pelK] n.螺旋桨,推进器
proportion [prK'pO:Sn] n.1.比例2.部分, 份儿3.均衡, 相称 【例】This painting lacks proportion. 这幅画比例失调。We are trying to reduce the problem to manageable proportions. 我们正努力把问题缩小到可以控制的范围内。
propose [prK'pKuz] v. 1.提议, 建议, 提出2.提名, 推荐3.打算, 计划4.求婚 【例】He proposed that a change should be made. 他建议做一些改变。Did he propose to you? 他向你求婚了吗? I wish to propose a toast to our friendship. 我提议为我们的友谊干杯。Some people even propose a suggestion that smoking should be totally banned in all public places.一些人甚至建议在所有公共场所完全禁止吸烟。
proposition [,prOpK'ziSn] n.1.论点, 主张2.建议, 提案3.命题 【例】Tunnelling under the English Channel is a big proposition. 在英吉利海峡海底凿隧道是一个大问题。She was propositioned by her boss. 她的老板向她提出非分的要求。
propulsion [prK'pVlSn] n.推进,推进力 【例】This aircraft works by jet propulsion. 这架飞机是喷气推进的。
prospect ['prOspekt] n.1.前景, 前途, (成本等的)可能性2.景象, 景色3.可能成为主顾的人, 有希望的候选人 vt. (for)勘探, 勘察 【同】sight; view; future; outlook 【例】Prospect is often better than possessions. 预期往往胜于拥有。This experience opened a new prospect in his mind. 这一经验为他的思想开阔了新的视野。A rich harvest is in prospect. 丰收在望。I like this program most not only because of its abundant and latest news, but also because of its analysis and prospects of the present-day world.我喜欢这个节目是因为它不仅提供了丰富的最新消息,还对当前世界进行了分析和展望。So one thing is clear enough: for the sake of our students’ prospects, teachers should also be called on to respect students and add more attention to enlightening the individuality of the students. 所以,这一点是明确的:为了学生的前程,教师也应该尊重学生,把更多的注意力放在激励学生的个性发展上。
prosperity [prO'sperKti] n.兴旺, 繁荣 【同】success; increase; accomplishment 【例】The prosperity of a people is proportionate to the number of hands and minds usefully employed. 国家的繁荣与有效使用的人手和头脑的数量成比例。We hope to have a life of happiness and prosperity. 我们希望拥有成功幸福的生活。China’s extraordinary growth has put the same kind of pressures on our environment, and the costs of growth are rising right along with our prosperity. 中国经济的迅速增长为环境保护带来了同样的压力,经济增长的成本随着我们的繁荣而上升。With the development of material prosperity, advertisements have become more and more important in our daily life. 随着物质生活的日益繁荣,广告在我们的日常生活中变得越来越重要。
prosperous ['prOspKrKs] a. 繁荣的, 兴旺的 【例】His business is prosperous. 他的事业兴旺发达。
protein ['prKuti:n] n.蛋白质 【例】You should eat more high-protein diet. 你应该多吃些高蛋白食物。
protest ['prKutest] n.抗议, 反对 v. 抗议, 反对 【同】disagree; object; oppose 【例】They are holding a rally to protest against the government’s defense policy. 他们正举行集会以抗议政府的防务政策。He protested his innocence. 他声言自己无罪。They protested to the mayor that the taxes were too high. 他们向市长提出抗议说税款过高。His protests on human rights sound hollow. 他就人权问题提出的抗议听来很空洞。I went to the doctor under protest. 我勉强去看了医生。
proton ['prKutOn] n.质子
provided [prK'vaidid] conj. 假如, 若是 【同】if; supposing; in the case that 【例】Let every one follow his inclinations —— provided he go upward. 让每个人都随着自己的意愿去做──只要他在追求上进。
provision [prK'viZn] n.1.供应2.准备, 预备3.条款, 规定4.给养, 口粮 【例】They are making provision for their children's education. 他们正为孩子的教育做准备。We set out with enough provisions. 我们带上足够的食品出发了。Both sides should act according to the provisions of the agreement. 双方都应按协议条款办事。They provisioned the ship for a long voyage. 他们为远航的船只准备了食品和必需品。
provoke [prK'vKuk] vt. 1.对…挑战, 激怒2.激起, 引起 【同】irritate; bother; incite 【例】Beauty provokes thieves sooner than gold. 美貌比黄金更迅速招致盗贼。He tried to provoke them into fighting. 他企图挑拨他们打架。His rudeness provoked me to strike him. 他的粗鲁惹得我揍了他。
psychological [,saikK'lOdZikl] a. 心理(学)的 【例】There could be some psychological explanation for his bad health. 他的健康不佳可能有心理上的原因。
psychology [sai'kOlKdZi] n.心理学;心理 【例】I am always interested in psychology. 我一直对心理学感兴趣。Worst of all, the psychology of such children is distorted by family breakup. 最糟糕的是,家庭解体给孩子们带来了心理障碍。
publication [,pVbli'keiSn] n.1.出版, 发行2.出版3.公布, 发表 【例】The book is ready for publication. 这本书已准备好随时出版。The library gets the usual monthly publications. 这家图书馆订的是那些常见的月刊。
publicity [pVb'lisKti] n.1.公众的注意, 名声2.宣传, 宣扬 【同】being made known; advertising 【例】Nobel is cheerful in company but sad in private. He tried to avoid publicity. 诺贝尔在与人相处时很高兴,独处时很悲伤。他不愿意抛头露面。The matter received wide publicity. 这件事已是众所周知。The newspaper gave much publicity to the concert. 报纸对这次音乐会进行了充分报道。
puff [pVf] vi. 1.喘气, 喘息2.一口一口地抽烟(或喷烟)3.喷着咽(或蒸气)移动 vt. 1.边喷边吸(烟), 抽(烟)2.喷出, 使一阵阵吹(或喷) n.1.(抽)一口烟, (空气, 烟雾等的)一股2. 【例】He blew out the candles with a single puff. 他一口气吹灭了蜡烛。His speech was just puff. 他的发言尽是吹捧而已。
punch [pVntS] vt. 1.猛击2.穿孔 n.1.猛击2.冲床, 穿孔机3.力量, 效力 【例】He punched the policeman on the nose and was arrested. 他猛击那个警察的鼻子, 结果被逮捕了。The conductor punched his bus ticket. 售票员用剪票夹在他的汽车票上打孔。They cut holes on the sheet of metal with a punch press. 他们用冲床在金属板上打孔。
punctual ['pVNktSuKl] a. 严守时刻的, 准时的, 正点的 【同】prompt; precise; on schedule 【例】The trouble with being punctual is that nobody’s there to appreciate it. 守时的麻烦在于没有人在场赞赏。He is always punctual for appointments. 他总是准时赴约。My cat makes a punctual appearance at mealtimes. 我的猫一到用餐时间就会准时出现。
purity ['pjuKrKti] n.纯净, 纯洁, 纯正 【例】We must ensure the purity of drinking water. 我们必须确保饮用水的纯净。
pursuit [pK'sju:t] n.1.追求, 寻求2.追赶, 追逐3.(花时间和精力的)事, 嗜好, 消遣 【同】chase; hunt 【例】Love is strongest in pursuit; friendship in possession. 爱情在追求时最炽热,友情在拥有时最强烈。He exercises everyday in pursuit of health. 他为了健康而每天锻炼。What's your favorite pursuit? 你的爱好是什么?
puzzle ['pVzl] v. 1.(使)迷惑, (使)为难2.(使)苦思 n.1.智力测验, 智力玩具, 谜2.难题, 令人费解的事(或人) 【例】The question puzzled me. 这个问题把我难住了。He stood there watching with puzzled despair. 他束手无策地站在那儿看着。
pyramid ['pirKmid] n.1.金字塔2.金字塔形结构3.锥状物, 棱锥状的一堆东西 【例】Egypt is famous for its grand pyramids. 埃及以巨大的金字塔闻名。A pyramid of stones marked the spot. 那地点用一堆堆成金字塔形状的石头作了标记。

qualification [,kwOlifi'keiSn] n.1.资格, 资格证明, 合格证书2.限制, 限定, 限定性条件 【同】requirement; attainment; experience 【例】Though I have no academic qualifications, I am in fact much more highly educated than most university scholars. 我虽然没有大学证书,实际上比大多数大学学者所受的教育程度高得多。He's got all the right qualifications but is temperamentally unsuitable. 他具备一切合格的条件,惟独性情不适合。What sort of qualifications do you need for the job? 做这项工作需要什么资格? I can recommend him without qualification. 我可以毫无保留地推荐他。
qualify ['kwOlifai] v. (使)胜任, (使)具有资格, (使)合格
qualitative ['kwOlitKtiv] a. (性)质的, 定性的
quantify ['kwOntifai] vt. 确定...的数量, 量化
quantitative ['kwOntitKtiv] a. (数)量的, 定量的
quart [kwO:t] n.夸脱 【例】He still takes his quarts. 他现在还是照常喝大满杯的啤酒。
quarterly ['kwO:tKli] a. 季度的, 每季一次的 ad. 按季度, 一季一次 n.季刊
quartz [kwO:ts] n.石英
queer [kwiK] a. 1.奇怪的, 异常的2.不舒服的, 眩晕的 【同】odd; strange; unusual; faint; unwell 【例】Queer thing how trouble acts different on folks
 It’s like hot weather —— sours milk but sweetens apples. 奇怪的是困难对人们起不同的作用:它像炎热的天气──使牛奶变酸,却使苹果变甜。There is something queer about him. 他有些古怪。Her queer way of dressing attracted the attention of the passerby. 她古怪的着装方式引起了过路人的注意。
quench [kwentS] vt. 止(渴), 扑灭(火焰) 【同】smother; moisten; choke 【例】Superstition sets the whole world in flames; philosophy quenches them. 迷信使整个世界陷入火海,哲学则扑灭火焰。Water will quench a fire. 水可以灭火。Hot steel is quenched to harden it. 烧热的钢淬火使它坚硬。
questionable ['kwestSKnKbl] a.可疑的,不可靠的 【例】The man looks questionable. 这个男人看上去很可疑。Such a questionable assertion is sure to provoke criticism. 这种有问题的主张肯定会招致非议。
queue [kju:] n.(人或车辆的)行列, 长队 vi. (up)排(成)队(等候) 【例】There's a long queue of people waiting for new houses. 很多人等待着买新房屋。We queued up for the bus. 我们排队等公共汽车。
quilt [kwilt] n.被子 【例】He bought a heavy quilt for the winter. 他买了一床厚被子过冬。
quiver ['kwivK] vi. 颤抖, 发抖, 抖动 n.颤抖, 发抖, 抖动 【例】The old man quivered with rage. 这位老人气得发抖。The skylark quivered its wings. 云雀抖动它的双翼。He felt a quiver of excitement. 他感到激动得发抖。
quote [kwKut] v. 引用, 援引 n.1.引文, 引语2.报价, 牌价3.[pl.] 引号 【同】cite; extract 【例】I quote others in order the better to express my own self. 我引用别人的话,以便更好地表达自己的思想。He quotes the Bible to support his beliefs. 他引用《圣经》来支持他的信仰。The price they quoted was very low. 他们报的价很低。It was quoted 5 dollars. 这在市面上开价5美元。
rack [r<k] n.挂架, 搁架 vt. 1.使痛苦, 折磨2.使紧张, 使努力 【例】He put his shoes on the rack. 他把鞋放在架子上。Even after racking his brains he couldn't think of a single example. 即使绞尽脑汁,他还是连一个例子也想不出来。
racket ['r<kit] n.1.喧嚷, 吵闹2.敲诈, 勒索, 诈骗3.(网球等的)球拍
radiate ['reidieit] v. 1.发的(光或热), 辐射2.流露, 显示 【同】diffuse; disperse; scatter; spread 【例】To communicate love, parents need a language of acceptance words that value feelings, responses that change moods, replies that respect. 要传达对子女的爱,父母需要一种接纳的语言:重视情感的言辞,改变情绪的回应,流露尊重的答复。
radiator ['reidieitK] n.暖气片,散热器 【例】This car has a fan-cooled radiator. 这部汽车有一个由风扇散热的冷却器。
radical ['r<dikl] a. 1.根本的, 基本的2.激进的, 激进派的 n.激进分子 【同】fundamental; extreme; revolutionary 【例】I never dared be radical when young for fear it would make me conservative when old. 我年轻时从来不敢激进,因为害怕那会使我年老的时保守。The talks are aimed at radical reductions in the level of weapons. 那些会谈都以大幅度裁减军备为目标。They called for a radical reform of our tax system. 他们要求对税收制度进行根本改革。 Some young people are very radical when faced with trouble. 当遇到一些问题的时候,年轻人变得非常极端。
radioactive [,reidiKu'<ktiv] a. 放射性的, 有辐射能的 【例】The radioactive waste should be buried deeply under the ground in sealed box. 这些放射性废物应该放在密封的箱子里深埋在地下。
radioactivity [,reidiKu<k'tiviti] n.放射性
radium ['reidiKm] n.镭
rage [reidZ] n.1.狂怒, 盛怒2.风靡一时的事物, 时尚 vi. 1.(风)狂吹, (浪)汹涌, (战争)激烈进行2.发怒, 发火 【同】fury; violence; strong desire urge 【例】Oppose not rage while rage is in its force, but give it way a while and let it waste. 愤怒爆发时不必对抗,让它发作一阵子以使它自我消耗。He was mad with rage. 他快要气疯了。The young girl has a rage for pop music. 这个年轻的女孩对流行音乐有狂热爱好。
raid [reid] vt. & n.1.(突然)袭击2.(警察等)突入查抄, 突入搜捕3.劫掠, 劫夺 【同】sudden attack; assault; invasion 【例】A security guard was killed in the bank raid. 在抢劫银行案中有一名保安遇害。We launched a bombing raid on enemy bases. 我们对敌方基地实施了突然袭击。A security guard was killed in the bank raid. 这次银行抢劫案中有一名保安遇害。The police will carry out a dawn raid. 警方将在拂晓展开突然搜查。
rainbow ['reinbKu] n.虹
rake [reik] n.1.耙, 草耙, 钉齿耙2.斜度, 倾角 vi. 1.耙2.搜索, 核查 vt. 1.耙集, 耙平, 耙松2.扫射, 扫过 【例】The field had been raked. 田地已经耙平了。Don't rake up the past. 不要把过去的事都翻出来。I'll try and rake out something for you to wear. 我尽量找些东西给你穿。
rally ['r<li] n.1.集会(群众)大会2.公路汽车赛 v. 1.集合, 团结2.恢复(健康等), 重新振作 【同】unite against; attack 【例】The troops rallied around their leader. 部队重新集合在指挥官周围。They rallied to their leader's cause. 他们团结一致支持领袖的事业。Her spirits rallied on hearing the good news. 她听到这个好消息精神又振作起来。They will hold a peace rally. 他们要举行一个拥护和平的大会。
random ['r<ndKm] a. 任意的, 随机的 【同】chance; accidental; irregular 【例】History was a trash bag of random coincidences torn open in a wind. 历史是被风扯开的一只装满胡乱的巧合的垃圾袋。The librarian took a book at random from the shelf. 图书管理员从书架上随便拿了一本书。
rapidity [rK'piditi] n.快,迅速;陡,险峻 【同】swiftness; dispatch; speed 【例】He often cycles in rapidity. 他总是快速骑车。We are surprised by the rapidity of her recovery. 她恢复得那么快,我们都有些惊讶。
ratio ['reiSiKu] n.比, 比率 【同】proportion; quota; rate 【例】The probability of anything happening is inverse ratio to its desirability. 一件事发生的可能怀与它受欢迎的程度成反比。The ratio of schoolboys to schoolgirls is 2 to 1. 男学生和女学生的比例是2比1。
rational ['r<SnKl] a. 1.理性的, 理智的2.合理的 【同】reasonable; judicious; justifiable 【例】Of all ways of defining man, the worst is the one which makes him out to be a rational animal. 给人下定义的所有方式中,最差的是把人说成明理性的动物。Man is a rational being. 人是有理性的生物。No rational person would go to work in his pyjamas. 任何神智正常的人都不会穿着睡衣去上班。The key to this problem is to control the amount of rescuing material and keep it in a rational degree. 问题的关键是控制救援物质的数量,并把它保持在合理的范围内。
react [ri'<kt] vi. 1.反应, 作出反应2.(against)反对, 反动, 反其道而行3.(with)起化学反应4.(on , upon)影响, 起作用 【例】How did they react to your suggestion? 他们对你的建议有什么反应? She reacted to the insult by turning her back on him. 她受辱之后就不再理睬他了。An acid can react with a base to form a salt. 酸可以和碱起反应而生成盐。
readily ['redili] ad. 1.乐意地, 欣然地2.容易地3.很快地, 立即 【同】quickly; promptly; willingly 【例】Nothing is so easy as to deceive one’s self; for what we wish, that we readily believes. 再没有比欺骗自己更容易的事了,因为对于所希望的事,我们总是乐于相信。They can readily be brought anywhere. 它们易于携带。He readily promised to help. 他欣然答应帮忙。
reading ['ri:diN] n.1.读, 阅读2.朗读, 朗诵(会)3.读物, 选读4.(仪表等上的)读数, 指示数 【例】The readings on my thermometer last month were well above the average. 我的温度计上个月的读数远远超过平均温度。
realistic [,riK'listik] a. 1.现实的2.实际可行的3.现实主义的, 逼真的 【例】His realistic novel was criticized by some people. 他的现实主义小说遭到了一些人的批判。What a realistic looking apple in the picture! 画中的苹果显得多逼真啊!
realization [,riKlai'zeiSn] n.(理想等的)实现 【例】The realization of his ambition makes him very happy. 他很高兴他的理想实现了。I was struck by the sudden realization that I would probably never see her again. 我突然意识到可能再也见不着她了。
realm [relm] n.1.界, 领域, 范围2.王国, 国度 【同】domain; area; sphere 【例】The spy was expelled from the realm. 这名间谍被驱逐出境。
reap [ri:p] vt. 1.收割, 收获2.获得, 得到 【同】cut; gather in harvest 【例】As a man sows, so shall he reap. 种什么便收什么。The peasants are reaping a field of barley. 农民们正在收割大麦。
reasonable ['ri:znKbl] a. 1.通情达理的, 讲道理的2.合理的, 有道理的3.(价钱)公道的4.尚好的, 过得去的 【例】He gave me a reasonable explanation. 他对我作了合理的解释。My mother was always reasonable. 我母亲一向通情达理。
recall [ri'kO:l] vt. 1.回忆起, 回想起2.召回, 叫回3.收回, 撤消 vi. 记得, 回想 【同】recollect; remember; remind 【例】There is no greater grief than to recall a time of happiness when in misery. 没有比在苦难中回想起幸福的往日更大的痛苦了。
receipt [ri'si:t] n.1.发票, 收据2.[pl.] 收入, 进款3.收到, 接到 【同】acceptance; certificate 【例】Whatever promises a man may make before marriage, the license is as a receipt in full. 无论男方在婚前会作出什么许诺。结婚证书都是一张全额收据。On receipt of your instructions he will send the goods. 一经收到你的指令他就发货。Please send me a receipt for the money. 请寄给我一张收到此款的收据。
recipe ['resKpi] n.1.烹饪法, 食谱2.方法, 秘诀, 诀窍 【同】directions for preparing 【例】A mixture of admiration and pity is one of the surest recipes for affection. 赞美和怜惜的混合是最可靠的爱情秘方之一一。He knows the recipe for this dish. 他知道这道菜的烹饪方法。What's your recipe for success? 你取得成功有什么窍门?
reciprocal [ri'siprKkl] a. 相互的, 互惠的 【同】interchangeable; mutual; alternate 【例】Life cannot subsist in society but by reciprocal concessions. 只有通过相互的让步,社会生活才能继续下去。
recite [ri'sait] vt. 1.背诵, 朗诵2.列举, 一一说出 vi. 背诵, 朗诵 【例】I don't like reciting in public. 我不喜欢当众朗诵。
reckon ['rekKn] vt. 1.认为, 估计2.(on)指望, 盼望3.测算, 测量 【例】Did you reckon in the cost of the taxi? 你把出租车费算进去了吗? They reckon the book as one of his best works. 他们认为这本书是他的优秀作品之一。I reckon this will be a hot summer. 我估计这将是一个炎热的夏天。
reclaim [ri'kleim] vt. 1.要回2.开垦(荒地)3.回收 【同】rescue; restore; reform 【例】He has been reclaimed from a life of vice. 他已改邪归正。This land was reclaimed from the sea. 这块土地是填海开垦出来的。Her mission was to reclaim former criminals. 她的任务是感化过去的罪犯。You may be entitled to reclaim some of the tax you paid last year. 你或许有权要求退回去年你交付的部分税金。
recognition [,rekKg'niSn] n.1.认出, 识别2.承认, 确认, 认可3. 赏识, 表彰, 报偿 【同】recalling; acknowledgment 【例】Three fundamental truths without a recognition of which there can be no effective liberty; that what we believe is not necessarily true; that what we like is not necessarily good; and that all questions are open. 三条不承认便不会有实在自由的基本真理:我们相信的未必真实,我们喜爱的未必美好,一切问题均无定论。The town has altered out of all recognition since I was last there. 自从我上次离开这里以来,这小城已经变得认不出来了。He has won wide recognition in the field of tropical medicine. 他在热带医学这一领域里广获赞扬。
recognize ['rekKgnaiz] vt. 1.认出, 识别2.承认, 确认, 认可3赏识, 表彰, 报偿 【例】Can you recognize her from this picture? 你能从这张照片中认出她吗? His thorough knowledge and competence were recognized. 他的渊博的学识和工作能力得到了承认。
recollect [,rekK'lekt] vt.回忆,追忆,想起 【同】recall; bring to mind; look back on 【例】As far as I recollect, you came late. 我记得你来晚了。Do you recollect her name? 你记得她的名字吗? I recollect that she had red hair. 我记得她长着红头发。
reconcile ['rekKnsail] vt. 1.使协调2.使和解3.(to)使顺从(于), 使甘心(于) 【同】harmonize; peace; accord 【例】I could sooner reconcile Europe than two women. 调解两个女人比调解整个欧洲还难。We tried to reconcile her with her family. 我们试图让她和她的家庭和好。How can he reconcile it to his conscience? 他怎能问心无愧呢?
recreation [,rekri'eiSn] n.娱乐活动, 消遣 【同】amusement; relaxation; diversion 【例】People who cannot find time for recreation are obliged sooner or later to find time for idleness. 腾不出时间娱乐的人早晚得腾出时间生病。His only recreations are drinking beer and working in the garden. 他仅有的消遣是喝啤酒和在花园里种花草。Physical recreation and intellectual development are the two basic ways in which we college students engage ourselves in our leisure time. 身体锻炼和智力开发是我们大学生度过业余时间的两种基本方式。
recruit [ri'kru:t] vt. 招募(新兵), 吸收(新成员) n.新兵, 新成员 【同】call up; select; enlist 【例】Even young boys are now being recruited to the army. 甚至小男孩也被征入伍。New recruits to our music club are always welcome. 我们的音乐俱乐部随时欢迎新会员参加。We are having difficulties in recruiting well-qualified staff. 我们难以招募到素质好的职员。
rectify ['rektifai] vt. 纠正, 修复 【同】reform; correct; revise 【例】One day would rectify the omission of another. 一天可以纠正另一天的疏忽。I made a mistake that can not be rectified. 我犯了一个无法改正的错误。He cleaned the bottle with rectified spirit. 他用精馏酒精清洗瓶子。
reed [ri:d] n.1.芦苇, 芦丛2, 簧舌, 簧片 【例】There are some reeds in the pond. 池塘里有些芦苇。
reel [ri:l] n.卷轴, 卷筒, 卷盘 vi. 1.摇摇晃晃地移动, 蹒跚2.眩晕, 发昏 vt. (in up)卷, 绕 【例】He reeled back into the room. 他摇摇摆摆地走回房间。His mind was reeling with all that he had seen and heard. 他的所见所闻使他内心大为震动。
reference ['refKrKns] n.1.提到, 论及2.参考, 查阅3.引文, 参考书目4.证明书(或人), 推荐信(或人) 【同】mention; implication; source 【例】We live in reference to past experience and not to future events, however, inevitable. 我们参照过去的经验而非未来的事件生活,不管地些事件如何必然发生。He loaded his pages with references. 他在文章中引用大量参考资料。There is no further reference to him in her diary. 她的日记中没有进一步提到他。You should make a reference to a dictionary. 你应该参考字典。
refinery [ri'fainKri] n.精炼厂,提炼厂 【例】She works in a sugar refinery. 她在一家制糖厂工作。He was dismissed from the oil refinery. 他被那家炼油厂解雇了。
reflect [ri'flekt] v. 1.反映, 显示2.反射, 映现3.深思, 考虑, 反省 【例】The sunlight was reflected in the water. 日光由水面反射出来。Her sad looks reflected the thought passing through her mind. 她忧戚的面容反映出她内心的思想。The results reflect the greatest credit upon all concerned. 这些成绩带给所有有关人员最大的荣誉。I often reflect on the beauty and complexity of life. 我们经常思考人生的美丽与复杂。
reflection [ri'flekSn] (=reflexion)n.1.映象, 倒影2.反射3.反映, 表达4.非议, 批评5.深思, 考虑, 反省 【例】The cat felt curious when she saw her own reflection in the mirror. 小猫看到自己在镜子中的倒影,感到很好奇。On further reflection she saw her mistake. 进一步细想后,她明白了自己的错误。This is a reflection upon your honor. 这对你的名誉是一个损害。
reform [ri'fO:m] vt. 改革, 改良, 改造 vi. 改正, 改过自新 n.改革, 改良, 改造 【同】re-organize; abolish; renew; innovate 【例】To reform a man is a tedious and uncertain labor; hanging the sure work of a minute. 改造人是冗长而无把握的工作,绞刑则是举手之劳。You have had every chance to reform. 你是一直有改过自新的机会的。Many reforms must be made to the education system. 教育体制要作许多改革。
refresh [ri'freS] v. (使)振作精神, (使)恢复活力 【例】I refreshed myself with a cup of coffee. 我喝了一杯咖啡给自己提提神。Let me refresh your memory with some fact. 我来提几件事帮你恢复记忆吧。
refreshment [ri'freSmKnt] n.1.茶点, 点心2.(精力的)恢复, 精神爽快 【同】drink; food; invigoration; renew 【例】Whatever your occupation may be and however crowded your hours with affairs, do not fail to secure at least a few minutes every day for refreshments of your inner life with a bit of poetry. 不管从事什么职业,也不管事务多么繁忙,每天务必保证至少花几分钟读点诗歌,以使精神生活保持清新。They came into the room for some refreshment. 他们进屋吃点东西。
refuge ['refju:dZ] n.庇护所, 避难处, 庇护, 【例】A small cave was the only refuge from the cold. 小洞穴是唯一的避寒处。
refusal [ri'fju:zl] n.拒绝 【例】He made a refusal of her invitation. 他拒绝了她的邀请。I suffered a blunt refusal when I called him. 当我打电话给他时遭到他的断然拒绝。
refute [ri'fju:t] vt. 驳斥, 驳倒 【同】prove or show to be false or wrong; confute 【例】Silence is one of the hardest things to refute. 沉默是最难驳斥的立场之一。I was able to refute his argument. 我能驳倒他的论点。
regarding [ri'gA:diN] prep. 关于
regenerative [ri'dZenKreilitiv] a.新生的;回授的
regime [rei'Zi:m] n.政治制度, 政权 【同】government; reign; ruling body 【例】The masses go into a revolution not with a prepared plan of social reconstruction, but with a sharp feeling that they cannot endure the old regime. 大众参加革命,带着不是准备好的社会重建计划,而是无法忍受旧制度的强烈感受。Things will change under the new regime. 在新政权下,事情将会发生变化。
register ['redZistK] n.1.登记, 注册2.登记表, 注册簿 vi. 登记, 注册 vt. 1.登记, 给...注册2.(仪表等)指示, 自动记下3.表示, 表达4.注意到, 记住5.把(邮件)挂号 【同】file; record; enroll; enlist 【例】History, which is, indeed, little more than the register of crimes, follies, and misfortunes of mankind. 历史实在不过是人类的罪行、蠢事与不幸的记录。Each class has a register of 50 students. 每班有50名学员注册。The car was registered in my name. 汽车是用我的名字登记注册的。
regulate ['regjuleit] vt. 1.管理, 控制2.调整, 调节 【同】govern; rule; balance 【例】The use of travelling is to regulate imagination by reality and instead of thinking how things may be, to see them as they are. 旅行的价值在于用现实校正想象,目睹事物的本来面目,而非臆想它们可能如何。Accidents sometimes happen even in the best regulated families. 即便是在管理最好的家庭,事故有时也会发生的。Your watch is always slow; it needs to be regulated. 你的手表总是慢,需要校准一下。
regulation [,regju'leiSn] n.1.规章, 规则2.管理, 控制, 调节 【例】She was fined for driving above the regulation speed. 她因超速开车而被罚款。
rehearsal [ri'hK:sl] n.排练, 排演 【同】exercise; practice 【例】Thought is action in rehearsal. 思考是排练中的行动。
reign [rein] n.君主的统治, 君主统治时期 vi. 1.当政, 统治2.占主导地位 【同】rule; sovereignty 【例】Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven. 宁在地狱为王,不在天堂为仆。The reign of Queen Victoria lasted more than sixty years. 维多利亚女王的统治持续了六十多年。He reigned over the country for forty years. 他统治了这个国家四十年。Silence reigned everywhere. 万籁俱寂。
reinforce [,ri:in'fO:s] vt. 增强, 加强, 增援 【同】add to; strengthen 【例】Their arguments are strongly reinforced by the last trade figures. 他们的论点被最近的贸易数字进一步证实。This evidence reinforces my view that he is a spy. 这个证据证实了我认为他是间谍的这一看法。Our defences must be reinforced against attack. 我们必须加强防御设施以抵御进攻。
reject ['ri:dZekt] vt. 1.拒绝2.拒纳, 退回, 摈弃 n.被拒货品, 不合格产品 【例】He rejected their offer of a job. 他拒绝了他们给他的工作。The supermarket rejected all spotted apples. 超级市场丢弃了所有的烂苹果。The factory sells some of its better rejects cheaply, but it throws most of the rejects away. 这家公司廉价出售略好一些的次品,但将大多数次品丢弃。
relate [ri'leit] vi. 1.(to)有关联2.适应, 和睦相处 vt. 1.使互相关联2.讲述, 叙述 【同】narrate; connect; correlate 【例】I could inform the dullest author how he might write an interesting book. Let him relate the events of his own life with honesty, not disgusting the feelings that accompanies them. 我可以告诉最乏味的作家怎样写出有趣的书来:原原本本地讲述亲身的经历,对自己当时的感受不加掩饰。These two events were related to each other. 这两个事件相互有联系。Children need to learn to relate to other children. 孩子们应该学会与其他孩子友好相处。
relativity [,relK'tivKti] n.1.相对论2.相关性 【例】Not everyone can understand Einstein's Theory of Relativity. 不是每个人都能读懂爱因斯坦的相对论的。
relax [ri'l<ks] v. 1.放松, (使)松驰2.放宽, 缓和 【同】loosen; rest; refresh; be at ease 【例】The great secret of education is to secure the body and mental exercise shall always serve that relax one another. 教育的重大决窍,在于确保身体和头脑锻炼应当总是起到相互放松的作用。The music will help to relax you. 音乐会使你感到轻松。His muscles relaxed. 他的肌肉松弛了。When they are worried about their work, playing with pets can help them forget the difficult situations right away and relax completely both physically and psychologically. 当人们为工作一筹莫展时,与宠物的一番嬉戏帮助人们暂时忘却了困难,从而其使身心得以彻底的放松。
relay ['ri:lei] n.1.接力赛2.中继转播(设备) vt. 1.传送, 传达, 转述2.中继转播 【同】transfer; transmit; carry 【例】I see history as a relay race in which each one of us, before dropping in his tracks, must carry one stage further the challenge of being a man. 我把历史看作一场接力赛,其中我们每个人在当场累倒之前,都得将作为一个人的挑战向前携带一段。
release [ri'li:s] vt./n. 1.释放, 排放2.解除, 解脱3.放开, 松开4.发布, 发行 【同】liberate; free; discharge; dismiss 【例】Love —— incomparably the greatest psychotherapeutic agent —— is something that professional psychiatry cannot of itself create, focus, nor release. 爱──无比伟大的精神治疗力量──是专业精神病学本身无法制造、聚集或释放的。He was released from prison after serving his sentence. 他刑满获释。The new film will be released next month. 这部新的电影下个月发行。The old people can look after their grandchildren, which may to some degree release the pressure of the young. 老年人可以照看他们的孙辈,这也会在一定程度上减轻年轻人的压力。
relevant ['relKvKnt] a. 有关的, 切题的 【同】appropriate; fit; pertinent; applicable 【例】The discovery and use of knowledge has always been to relevant to a humane future. 对于一个人道的未来,知识的发现和运用一向关系重大。His nationality isn't relevant to whether he's a good teacher. 他的国籍与他是否是位好老师无关。This type of university course is no longer relevant to today's problems. 这类大学课程对当今的问题而言已没有实际价值。It is sagacious that all relevant factors should be taken into account before taking any action. 在采取任何行动之前,所有相关的因素都应该得到考虑,这是明智的。
reliability [ri,laiK'biliti] n.可靠性
reliance [ri'laiKns] n.依靠, 依赖 【例】Don't place too much reliance on his advice. 别太相信他的意见。I have reliance in the testimony of the witness. 我相信证人的证词。
relief [ri'li:f] n.1.轻松, 宽慰2.(痛苦等)缓解, 减轻, 解除3.使得到调剂4.接替, 替下 【例】It was a great relief to find that my family was all safe. 看到我的家人安然无恙,我感到极大的欣慰。Relief was quickly sent to the sufferers from the great fire. 救济品很快被送到遭受火灾的灾民手中。Some people stand to it that the advance in science will keep staying ahead of the food crisis of the world and provide a needed relief for the future supplies. 有些人坚信,科技进步将会始终超前于粮食危机而发展,并为未来的粮食供应提供必要的解决方案。
relieve [ri'li:v] vt. 1.使轻松, 使宽慰2.缓解, 减轻, 解除3.使得到调剂4.接替, 替下 【同】lessen; comfort; ease; free 【例】I have never known any distress that an hour’s reading did not relieve. 我从不知道有什么苦恼是一个小时的阅读所消除不了的。This medicine will relieve your headache. 这药将减轻你的头痛。The general was relieved of his command. 将军被解除了指挥权。He was relieved of his watch. 他的表被偷走了。
reluctant [ri'lVktKnt] a. 不情愿的, 勉强的 【同】disinclined; unwilling; opposed 【例】Suggestion systems can work —— don’t be reluctant to use them. 建议制度是有效的──不要不情愿使用它们。He gave a reluctant promise. 他勉强答应下来了。They were very reluctant to help. 他们不大愿意帮忙。
remainder [ri'meindK] n.余下的部分, 剩下的人数 【同】leftover; remains; remnant; surplus 【例】He spent the remainder of his life in the country. 他在乡村度过余生。
remains [ri'meinz] n.剩下的东西,残余
remark [ri'mA:k] vt. 说, 评论说 vi. (on)谈论, 评论 n.话语, 谈论, 评论 【例】They made rude remarks about her appearance. 他们对她的外表横加粗暴的评论。The editor remarked that article was well written. 编者评论说那篇文章写得很好。
remarkable [ri'mA:kKbl] a. 1.值得注意的, 引人注目的2.异常的, 非凡的 【同】exceptional; extraordinary; unusual 【例】The remarkable thing about Shakespeare is that he is really very good —— in spite of all the people who say he is very good. 莎士比亚的非凡之处在于他确实极其出色──尽管有那些都说他极其出色的人。The child is remarkable for his cleverness. 这孩子聪明得惊人。You know better than I that polluted air and water are threatening your remarkable progress. 被污染的空气和水会威胁到你们的飞速发展,你们比我更清楚这一点。
remedy ['remKdi] n.1.补救办法, 纠正办法2.药品, 治疗法 vt. 1.补救, 纠正2.医治, 治疗 【同】cure; heal; relieve; correct 【例】Of all home remedies, a good wife is the best. 一切家庭疗法之中,好妻子疗效最佳。Your faults of pronunciation can be remedied. 你的发音毛病是可以纠正的。Her illness is beyond remedy. 她的病不可救药。
removal [ri'mu:vKl] n.1.除去, 消除2.移动, 搬迁 【同】dismissal; exile; evacuation 【例】He consented to the removal of the flag. 他同意撤除旗帜。We haven't told our friends about our removal to London. 我们还没有告诉我们的朋友我们搬家到伦敦了。
renew [ri'nju:] v. 1.重新开始, 继续2.(使)更新, 恢复3.延长(...的)有效期 【例】Spring renews the earth. 春天使大地复苏。Do you want to renew our contract? 你想续订我们的合同吗? He renewed the book for another two months. 这本书他又续借了两个月。
renovate ['renKveit] vt. 修复, 整修...如新 【同】reform; innovate; modify; tailor; shape 【例】The whole project is undergoing renovations. 整个计划正在修改之中。
repel [ri'pel] vt. 1.使厌恶2.击退, 逐回, 驱除3.排斥 【同】resist; stand up against; remove 【例】Goodness and nobility have an inherent power to attract, whereas self-seeking and evil inevitably repel. 善良和高尚具有天然的吸引力,自私和邪恶则必然令人反感。The crew repelled the attack. 船员击退了进攻。She was repelled by the dirty room. 肮脏的房间使她厌恶。
repent [ri'pent] vi.悔悟,悔改vt.后悔 【同】regret 【例】As to marriage or celibacy, let a man take which course he will, he will be sure to repent. 至于结婚还是独身,让男人随自己的意思去做吧。他一定会后悔的。He repented what he has done. 他懊悔他的所作所为。Have you nothing to repent of? 你没有可懊悔的事吗?
repetition [,repi'tiSn] n.重复, 反复 【例】This accident is a repetition of the one that happened here three weeks ago. 这起车祸是三星期前在这里发生过的车祸的重演。
replace [ri'pleis] vt. 1.代替, 取代2.更换, 调换3.把...放回原处 【例】He replaced the book in the shelf. 他把书放回到书架上。We've replaced the old adding machine with a computer. 我们用电脑取代了老式的加法计算器。However, the fact cannot be ignored that cars are seriously polluting the air and filling the cities with unbearable noise, and even the fields in the countryside are disappearing, replaced by car parks and roads. 然而,人们不能回避这样的事实:汽车正严重地污染着空气,是城市充斥着难以忍受的噪音,甚至于在乡村,田野正逐渐在消失,逐渐被停车场和道路所替代。
replacement [ri'pleismKnt] n.1.代替, 取代2.更换, 调换3.替代的人(或物) 【例】No sooner do you acquire this year’s model than you are thinking about the replacement. 你刚把今年的新型号买到手,就开始考虑它的替代型了。
representative [,repri'zentKtiv] n.代表, 代理人 a. (of)有代表性的, 典型的 【例】Are your opinions representative of the other students? 你的意见是否代表其他学生的意见? The tiger is a representative of the cat family. 老虎是猫科动物的典型。
reproach [ri'prKutS] n.&vt. 责备, 批评 【同】censure; condemn; blame 【例】The only form of lying that is absolutely beyond reproach is lying for its own sake.惟一绝对无可指责的说谎形式是为说谎而说谎。His reply sounded to me like a reproach. 他的回答在我听来象是责备。She reproached her husband for having forgotten their wedding anniversary. 她责怪丈夫忘了他们的结婚周年纪念日。
reproduce [,ri:prK'dju:s] v. 1.复制, 再现2.繁殖, 生殖 【同】copy; duplicate; multiply 【例】Art doesn’t reproduce the visible but rather makes it visible. 艺术不是复制可见的事物,而是使之可见。The photograph of the painting reproduces the colors of the original extremely well. 这幅画的照片绝妙地再现了原作的色彩。
reptile ['reptail] n.爬行动物 【例】Snakes and crocodiles are reptiles. 蛇和鹗鱼都是爬行动物。
republican [ri'pVblikKn] a. 1.共和政体的2.[R-] 共和党的 n.[R-] 共和党人 【例】The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government. 美利坚合众国保证合众国各州实行共和政 体。
reputation [,repju'teiSn] n.名气, 名声, 名誉 【同】respectability; esteem; honor; fame 【例】If I take care of my character, my reputation will take care of itself. 我爱护我的好品质,我的名声就会爱护它自己。He earned a high reputation for his learning. 他在学识方面享有很高的声誉。This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing. 这家商店因公平交易而获好名声。
requirement [ri'kwaiKmKnt] n.1.要求, 必要条件2.需要, 需要的东西 【例】The refugees' main requirements are food and shelter. 难民的主要必需品是食物和住所。While playing video games, they may forget their teachers’ strict requirements and their parents’ harsh words.他们在玩电子游戏时,往往会忘记老师的严格要求和父母的严厉批评。
rescue ['reskju:] vt./n. 营救, 求援 【同】save; recover; recapture; safeguard 【例】A lawyer is a learned gentleman who rescues your estate from your enemies and keeps it himself. 律师就是精通法律的绅士,他从你的对手那里救出你的财产,然后据为己有。Had Jim not dived in to rescue him, the boy would have drowned. 如果不是吉姆跳下水去救,那小孩早就淹死了。The government has rescued the firm from bankruptcy by giving them a grant. 政府拨款给这家公司使其免于破产。
resemble [ri'zembl] vt. 像, 类似于 【例】She resembles her sister in appearance but not in character. 她和她姐姐外貌相似,但性格不同。The situation closely resembles that of Europe in 1940. 这种形势与1940年的欧洲十分相似。
resent [ri'zent] vt. 对...表示忿恨, 怨恨 【同】dislike; frown upon; be insulted 【例】People don’t resent having nothing nearly as much as too little. 人们所不满的往往是太少,而不是没有。I bitterly resent his attempts to interfere in my work. 我非常讨厌他企图干涉我的工作。I resent having to get his permission for everything I do. 我讨厌做每件事都要得到他的许可。How many people were present at the meeting? 有多少人出席会议?
reservation [,rezK'veiSn] n.1.(住处、座位等的)预订2.保留, 犹豫3.(美国印第安部落的)居留地 【例】Some members of the committee expressed reservations about the proposal. 委员会一些成员对这项提议持保留态度。His family are living in an Indian reservation. 他全家都住在一个印第安居留地里。Reservations can be made by letter or fax. 可以来信或传真预订。
reserve [ri'zK:v] vt. 1.保留, 留存2.预订 n.1.储备(物)2.保留, (言语, 行动的)拘瑾, 矜持3.替补队员, 各备部队4.自然保护区 【同】save; store; security 【例】We should always keep a little money in reserve for a time when it might be needed. 对于金钱,我们应当总是留下一点儿以备不时之需。对于爱情这种做法则不适用。He still reserved his opinion on some points. 在一些问题上,他仍然保留自己的意见。Please reserve a seat for me. 请为我预定一个座位。As I require money quickly I must draw on my reserve. 由于我急于用钱,我必须取出存款。
reservoir ['rezKvwA:] n.1.水库, 蓄水池2.(知识, 人才等的)储藏, 江集 【例】This reservoir is used to store water for our town. 这个水库是用来为我们小镇存储水的。The show is a veritable reservoir of new talent. 这个演出真是新秀集萃。
resign [ri'zain] vi. 辞职 vt. 1.辞去, 放弃2.(to)使顺从 【同】surrender; quit; yield 【例】Galbraith’s law states that anyone who says he won’t resign four times, will. 加尔布雷思定律指出,任何说自己不会辞职达到四遍的人,准会辞职。He decided to resign his claim to the copyright. 他决定放弃对版权的要求。She resigned her children to the care of a neighbor. 她委托邻居照顾她的孩子。I won't resign to his will. 我不会屈从于他的意志。
resist [ri'zist] vt. 1.抵抗, 反抗, 抵制2.抗(病等), 耐(热等), 忍住, 拒受…的影响 vi. 抵抗, 反抗, 抵制 【例】They are determined to resist invasion. 他们决定抵抗入侵。I want a kind of glass dish that resists heat. 我想要一种耐热的玻璃盘。I can never resist an ice cream. 我一见到冰淇淋就忍不住想吃。Firstly, students are not old enough to resist the temptation of spending time in such an easy way instead of being forced to attack textbooks. 首先,由于学生年龄小,难以抵制这种轻松度日而无需被迫去读书的诱惑。
resistance [ri'zistKns] n.1.反抗, 抵制2.抵抗力, 抵抗性3.阻力, 电阻 【例】There has been a lot of resistance to this new law. 反对这项新法律的人很多。The aircraft is streamlined to cut down wind resistance. 飞机设计成流线型以减少风的阻力。Copper has less resistance than lead. 铜的电阻比铅的小。
resistant [ri'zistKnt] a. (to)抵抗的, 抗…的, 耐…的 【例】This new type of infection is resistant to antibiotics. 这种新的传染病对抗菌素有抗药性。
resolute ['rezKlu:t] a.坚决的,果敢的 【同】strong-minded; brave; brave 【例】Always be true in word and resolute in deed. 言必信,行必果。He was resolute in carrying out his plan. 他执行计划是坚决的。We should be true in word and resolute in deed. 我们应该言必信,行必果。
resolution [,rezK'lu:Sn] n.1.正式决定, 决议2.决心, 决意3.解决, 解答4.分辨率, 清晰度 【同】determination; perseverance; assertion 【例】Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other one thing. 时时应当记住的是,自己要成功的决心比其他任何事情都重要。He is a man of great resolution. 他是一个极其果断的人。She always makes good resolutions but never carries them out. 她总是决心很大,却从不见付诸行动。He moved a resolution in the meeting. 他在会议上提出了一个决议。
resolve [ri'zOlv] vt. .解决, 解答2.决定, 决意3.(into)分解 vi. 决定, 决意 n.决心, 决意 【例】He resolved that nothing should hold him back. 他下决心不让任何事情阻挡他。The discussion resolved itself into a pleasant chat. 讨论变成了愉快的闲聊。He kept his resolve to do better. 他决心干得更出色。
resort [ri'zO:t] vi. (to)求助, 凭借, 诉诸 n.1.求助, 凭借, 诉诸2.求助(或凭借)的对象, 采用的手段(或办法)3.常去之地, 胜地 【同】turn (to); refer (to); apply (to) 【例】I never resort to a prepared script —— anyone who does not have it in his head to do 30 minutes extemporaneous talking is not entitled to be heard. 我从不求助于事先准备的广播稿──任何想不到作30 分钟即席讲话的人就没资格让人听。If other means fail we shall resort to force. 如果其他手段均告失败,我们将诉之武力。Hawaii is an excellent tourist resort. 夏威夷是极好的旅游胜地。You should have resorts to your parents. 你应该求助于你的父母。
respectable [ri'spektKbl] a.可敬的;人格高尚的 【例】It's not respectable to be drunk on the street. 在大街上醉倒是不体面的。She is a respectable married woman. 她是个受人尊敬的已婚妇女。
respectful [ri'spektfKl] a.恭敬的,尊重的 【例】I hope you would be more respectful to your father. 我希望你对父亲有礼貌些。He behaved in a respectful way. 他的举止彬彬有礼。
respective [ri'spektiv] a. 各自的, 各个的, 分别的 【例】The three men were given work according to their respective abilities. 这三个人根据各自的能力被分配了工作。
respond [ri'spOnd] vi. 1回答, 答复2.(to)作出反应, 响应 【同】reply; answer; acknowledge 【例】One of the few experiences which never pall is the experience of watching one’s own mind and how it produces new interests, responds to new stimuli, and develops new thoughts. 令人永不生厌的为数不多的几种体验之一,是观察自己的头脑,看它是如何产生新的兴趣、对新的刺激作出反应和发展新的思想。He failed to respond to the medicine. 他服了这药未见起色。I invited her to dinner but she did not respond. 我请她吃晚饭,但她未作回答。Video games bring great pleasures to young people, train them to respond quickly and arouse their interest in computer science.他们给年轻人带来很大的快乐,训练他们迅速反应,激起他们对计算机科学的兴趣。
response [ri'spOns] n.1.回答, 答复2.反应, 响应 【例】She made no response to my letter. 她没有回我的信。His idea received an enthusiastic response. 他的想法获得热烈的响应。
responsible [ri'spOnsKbl] a. 1.需负责任的, 承担责任的2.责任感的, 负责可靠的3.责任重大的, 重要的 【例】Who's responsible for the terrible mess? 谁应该对这种混乱负责? Our teacher is a very responsible person. 我们的老师是一个非常可靠的人。She holds a very responsible position in the firm. 她在公司里身居要职。
restless ['restlis] a. 1.焦躁不安的2.静不下来的, 运动不止的 【同】active; excited; rambling; uneasy 【例】Doubt is the disease of this inquisitive, restless age. 怀疑是这个过于好奇、躁动不安的时代的疾病。The boy was restless from hunger. 男孩因饥饿而变得焦躁不安。
restrain [ri'strein] vt. 1.阻止, 控制2.抑制, 遏制 【例】I couldn't restrain my anger. 我无法抑制我的愤怒。If I don't restrain my dog, it chases the cat. 我如果不管住我的狗,它就要追猫了。
restraint [ri'streint] n.1.抑制, 限制, 克制2.约束措施, 约束条件 【同】control; constraint; limitation 【例】The story of man is the history, first, of the acceptance and imposition of restraints necessary to permit communal life; and second, of the emancipation of the individual within that system of necessary restraints. 人类的故事,首先是接受和强制推行允许社会生活所需限制的历史,其次是在所需限制的体系之内解放个人的历史。He is a man always speaking with restraint. 他是个说话拘谨的人。His rage was beyond restraint. 他怒不可遏。
restrict [ri'strikt] vt. 限制, 约束, 限定 【同】limit; keep with in limits 【例】Read your job description but never be restricted by it. Do what needs to be done. 读读工作任务条例,但不可受他的限制。要做需要做的事。Fog restricted visibility. 雾天能见度很低。You are restricted to eight liters of duty-free wine. 携带的免税酒不得超过八升。He leads a very restricted life. 他的生活面非常狭窄。
restriction [ri'strikSn] n.限制,限定,约束 【例】There are currency restrictions on the sums allowed for foreign travel. 到国外旅行允许携带的款额有所限制。The sale of firearms is subject to many legal restrictions. 出售枪支受到许多法律限制。
resultant [ri'sVltKnt] a. 作为结果的, 因而发生的 【同】consequent; effective 【例】He worked hard and deserved his resultant successes. 他辛勤工作,理所当然地取得了相应的成绩。
resume [ri'zju:m] v. (中断后)重新开始, 继续, 恢复 n.1.摘要, 概要2.简历 【同】reassume; recommence; continue 【例】The frightened bird resumes his song as soon as danger has passed, and so does the frightened rabbit his game. 危险一过,受惊的鸟儿主继续歌唱,受惊的野兔也继续嬉戏。Please send a detailed resume to our company. 请给我们公司寄一份详细的简历。
retail ['ri:teil] ad. 零售 【例】Could you tell me the retail prices of these shoes? 你能告诉我这些鞋子的零售价吗? I bought the milk retail. 我以零售方式买来这些牛奶。These socks retail at 1 dollar a pair. 这些袜子零卖一美元一双。Who is responsible for retailing these rumors about him? 是谁散布这些有关他的流言蜚语的?
retain [ri'tein] vt. 保留, 保持 【例】I will retain my right. 我将保留我的权力。Her memory retains everything she reads. 她过目不忘。He retained the best lawyer in the state to defend his case. 他为他的案子聘了该州最好的律师。
retreat [ri'tri:t] vi. 1.退却, 撤退2.规避, 退缩 n.1.退却, 撤退2.规避, 退缩3.隐退处, 静居处 【同】evacuation; departure; withdrawal 【例】In politics you must never retreat, never retrace your steps, never admit a mistake —— otherwise, you are discredited. 在政治活动中绝不可退却,绝不可走回头路,绝不可认错,否则会名声扫地。The soldiers had to retreat when they were beaten in battle. 士兵们在战斗中受挫,不得不撤退。You can't retreat from the responsibility in this affair. 你不能回避在这一事件中的责任。The troop made good their retreat from the occupied city. 部队从沦陷的城市安全撤出。
reveal [ri'vi:l] vt. 1.揭露, 泄露2.展现, 显示 【同】discover; show; suggest 【例】If you reveal your secrets to the wind, you should not blame the wind for revealing them to the trees. 你如果把秘密泄露给风,就不应怪罪风把它们泄露给树。These few words fully revealed her noble quality. 这寥寥数语充分显示了她的高贵品质。I promise never to reveal his secret. 我答应决不泄漏他的秘密。Studies reveal that there is a definite link between smoking and some serious diseases such as lung cancer and heart disease. 研究表明,在吸烟和一些严重疾病如肺癌和心脏病之间,有着明显的联系。TV news programs often reveal to us events as they happen in other areas while any other news media connot enjoy this advantage, lacking either in vividness or in timeliness.电视新闻节目经常展现在我们面前的是正在别的地方发生的事情,而其他新闻媒体则无法享有这种优势,这些媒体要么不生动,要么缺乏时效性。
revenge [ri'vendZ] n.报复, 报仇 vt. 为…报仇, 报…之仇 【同】repay; return; reciprocate; hatred 【例】To be angry is to revenge the faults of others on ourselves. 生气就是用别人的过错来向自己报复。The knight swore he would revenge his father's death. 骑士发誓要为他父亲向敌人报仇。I did not do it out of revenge. 我做那件事并不是出于报复。
revenue ['revKnju:] n.1.(尤指大宗的)收入, 收益2.(政府的)税收, 岁入 【同】return; earnings; yields 【例】Economy is of itself a great revenue. 节约本身就是一大笔收入。The government's revenue is made up chiefly of the money we pay in taxes. 政府的收入主要来源是靠我们所交的税。
reverse [ri'vK:s] vt. 1.撤销, 推翻2.使位置颠倒, 使互换位置3.使反向, 使倒转 vi. 反向, 倒转 n.1.相反情况, 对立面2.反面, 背面, 后面3.挫折, 逆境 a. 反向的, 相反的, 倒转的 【同】converse; invert; alter; exchange 【例】Every medal has its reverse. 每个问题都有其反面。He reversed the coin and examined it carefully. 他把硬币倒过来,仔细检查。These financial reverses will prevent my taking a holiday. 这些经济上的挫折使我不能去度假了。After several reverses the enemy was forced to retreat. 几经失败之后,敌军被迫后撤。
revise [ri'vaiz] vt. 1.修订, 修改2.复习 vi. 复习 【同】rewrite; reexamine; re-edit; alter 【例】The best authors are always the severest critics of their own works; they revise, correct, file, and polish them, till they think they have brought them to perfection. 最好的作家总是自己作品最苛刻的批评者。他们修订、校正,推敲,润饰,直到认为业已使之臻于完美。You should revise your idea about him. 你应该修改对他的看法。He revised the manuscript of his book before sending it to the publisher. 他对自己那本书的手稿先进行校订,然后才把它交给出版社。
revive [ri'vaiv] vt. 使复苏 vi. 恢复 【同】enliven; refresh; renew; vivify 【例】Any great work of art is great because it creates a special world of its own. It revives and readapts time and space. 任何伟大的艺术品之所以伟大,是由于它创造了自己特有的世界。它再现并重新改写了时空。The flowers will revive in water. 这些花在水中会再活。Interest in classic music has revived recently. 近来对古典音乐的兴趣又浓厚起来。
revolt [ri'vKult] vi. 1.反叛, 起义2.反抗, 违抗 vt. 使厌恶, 使生反感 n.1.反叛, 起义2.反抗, 违抗 【同】rebel; resist; offend 【例】Not actual suffering but the hope of better things incites people to revolt. 不是现实的苦难,而是对较好事物的企盼激发人们造反。The colonists revolted against their British ruler. 殖民地人民反抗他们的英国统治者。Human nature revolts at such a crime. 人性厌恶这样的罪行。The peasants revolted against their oppressors. 农民们起义反抗他们的压迫者。
revolve [ri'vOlv] vi. 旋转 【例】The moon revolves around the earth. 月球绕地球运行。
rhythm ['riDKm] n.节奏, 韵律 【例】He is trying to play the same tune in a different rhythm. 他正试图用不同节奏演奏同一个曲子。It is said that the rhythm of tides is affected by the moon. 据说潮汐的涨落受月亮的影响。With the steady growth in the country’s ecooomy as well as the people’s living standard, the rhythm of people’s living is speeding up and a lot of changed have taken place in their daily life. 随着国家经济的稳步增长和人民生活水平的稳步提高,人们的生活节奏加快了,日常生活发生了很多变化。
riddle ['ridl] n.1.谜(语)2.猜不透的难题, 难解之谜3.粗筛, 格筛 vt. 1.(用粗筛)筛2.把…打得满是窟窿, 把…弄得处处穿孔 【例】That painting is still a riddle to us. 那幅画对我们仍然是个谜。The door was riddled with shots. 门被子弹打得尽是窟窿。He could not solve the riddle. 他猜不出这个谜。
ridge [ridZ] n.1.背, 山背2.垄, 埂, 背状突起 【例】He walked along the mountain ridge. 他顺着山脊走。
ridiculous [ri'dikjulKs] a. 可笑的, 荒谬的 【同】absurd; unusual; funny 【例】A painting in a museum hears more ridiculous opinions than anything else in the world. 博物馆里的一幅画听到的奇谈怪论比世界上其他任何东西听到的都多。What a ridiculous suggestion! 多么荒唐的建议! That fat woman looked ridiculous in her tight golden dress. 那位胖妇人穿着金色的紧身礼服,显得滑稽可笑。
rigid ['ridZid] a. 1.严格的, 死板的2.刚硬的, 僵硬的 【同】inflexible; solid; stiff; strict 【例】They sat silently in rigid postures. 他们都默不作声僵直的坐着。She was rigid with fear. 她害怕得全身僵住了。He's very rigid in his ideas. 他的想法非常固执。
rim [rim] n.(圆形物体的)边, vt. 环绕(圆形或环形物的)边 【例】She put a flower on the rim of the hat. 她在帽子边上放了一朵花。My daughter has a rim figure. 我女儿身材匀称。
risk [risk] n.1.危险, 风险2.引起危险的事物(或人) vt. 冒...的危险, 使遭受危险 【例】Anyone swimming in this lake does so at his own risk. 任何人在此湖中冒险游泳,其后果自负。He saved my life at the risk of his own. 他冒着自己的生命危险救了我的命。
rival ['raivl] n.1.竞争对手, 敌手2.可与匹敌的人(或物) a. 竞争的, 对抗的 vt. 1.与...竞争2.与...匹敌, 比得上 【同】enemy; match; competitor; opponent 【例】He that falls in love with himself, will have no rivals. 爱上自己的人不会有竞争者。Tom and I were rivals for the job. 汤姆和我是这次求职的竞争对手。Ships can't rival aircraft for speed. 轮船在速度方面无法与飞机匹敌。
robber ['rObK] n.强盗,盗贼 【例】The robbers escaped before the police arrived. 强盗们在警察到来之前逃走了。
robe [rKub] n.1.长袍, 礼服, 法衣2.睡袍, 浴衣 v. (使)穿上长袍(或浴衣等) 【例】You should put a robe on if you go out in a cold day. 冷天出门时要披上披肩。In the early morning, he robed and drove abroad. 他一早就穿好衣服开车出门了。He robes himself in moonlight. 他沐浴在月光下。
robot ['rKubOt] n.机器人 【同】automation; monster; laborer 【例】The danger of the past was that men became slaves. The danger of the future is that men may become robots. 昔日的危险是人成为奴隶,未来的危险是人可能成为机器人。Japanese industry is making increasing use of robots. 日本工业越来越多地使用机器人。
romance [rKu'm<ns] n.1.恋爱, 恋爱关系2.浪漫气氛, 传奇色彩3.爱情小说, 传奇故事 【同】legend; story 【例】He told us a romance about a prince who married a poor girl. 他给我们讲了一位王子娶了一个穷人家女孩的传奇故事。
rotary ['rKutKri] a. 旋转的, 转动的 【例】The gardener asked me for a rotary lawn mower. 园丁向我要一台旋转式割草机。
rotate [rKu'teit] v. 1.(使)旋转, (使)转动2.(使)轮流 【例】He rotates the handle gently. 他轻轻地转动手柄。The post of chairman rotates among members of the committee. 主席一职由委员会的成员轮流担任。
rotten ['rOtn] a. 1.腐烂的, 腐朽的2.令人不愉快的3.很差的, 糟糕的 【例】The wood was so rotten that you could put your finger through it. 这木料腐烂透了,你可以用手指戳穿它。They have a rotten deal. 他们受到不公平的待遇。
rouse [rauz] vt. 惊起, 唤起, 唤醒 【例】I was roused by the sound of the bell this morning. 今天早晨,我被铃声唤醒。The news roused great indignation. 这条消息引起了极大的愤慨。The dog roused a deer from the bushes. 狗惊起了丛林中的一只鹿。
route [ru:t] n.路线, 路程 【例】We drove home by a roundabout route. 我们绕远道驾车回家。
routine [ru:'ti:n] n.例行公事, 惯例, 惯常的程序 a. 例行的, 常规的 【同】round; cycle; system 【例】Man’s usual routine is to work and to dream. 人的日常所为不外乎工作与梦想。She found it difficult to establish a new routine after retirement. 她发觉退休后很难建立起新的生活规律。They did it as a matter of routine. 他们那样做只是例行公事。It was a rather routine performance. 那是很一般的演出。
royalty ['rOiKlti] n.1.王族(成员)2.[常pl.] (著作的)版税 【例】The flag is only raised when royalty are present. 只有在王室成员在场的时候才升起这面旗帜。The writer gets a 10% royalty on each copy sold of his book. 作者从每本卖出的书中可得10%的版税。
ruby ['ru:bi] n.红宝石, 红宝石色 【例】Her ruby necklace brightened her face. 红宝石项链照亮了她的脸庞。
rumour ['ru:mK] (=rumor(美))n.传闻, 谣言 【同】common talk; report; story 【例】I believe there is nothing among mankind swifter than rumor. 我认为世间没有比谎言速度更快的东西了。There is a rumor that there will be a General Election in the autumn. 据传闻今秋将举行普选。
rural ['ruKrKl] a. 农村的 【同】farm; agricultural; suburban 【例】He speaks in a rural accent. 他说话带着乡土口音。The rural scenery was so beautiful that he decided to stay one more week. 乡村风光太美了,以致于他决定再多呆一星期。
rust [rVst] n.铁锈 v. (使)生铁 【同】degenerate; decay; corrode 【例】Idleness is the rust of the mind. 懒惰是心灵的锈蚀。How can I remove the rust from the iron door? 我怎样才能把铁门上的锈除掉呢? If you don't paint those metal trimmings on your windows, they will soon rust away to nothing. 窗户上那些金属花边如不上油漆,很快就会生锈烂掉。
ruthless ['ru:Tlis] a. 1.无情的, 冷酷的, 残忍的2.坚决的, 彻底的 【同】pitiless; cruel; indifferent 【例】Nature is ruthless when it comes to matching the quantity of life in any given place to the quantity of nourishment available. 在着手使特定地区的生命数量与可供食物数量相适应之时,大自然总是冷酷无情的。He shows ruthless disregard for other people's feelings. 他对别人的感情漠不关心。He was utterly ruthless in his determination to succeed. 他下定决心争取成功。
sacred ['seikrid] a. 1.神圣的2.宗教(性)的3.神圣不可侵犯的 【同】holy; solemn; dedicated 【例】If anything is sacred the human body is sacred. 如果有什么东西是神圣的,那就是人体。In India the cow is a sacred animal. 在印度,牛是神圣的动物。Nothing is sacred to these wild youths. 这些狂野的年轻人什么都不尊重。
safeguard ['seifgA:d] vt. 保护, 维护 n.预防措施, 保证条款 【同】guard; shield; license 【例】Saving money regularly will help to safeguard one’s old age from want. 不断按时储蓄可使晚年免于匮乏。We make copies of our computer disks as a safeguard against accidents. 我们复制了计算机磁盘以防意外。We will introduce legal safeguards against fraud. 我们要采取法律保护措施,制止诈骗活动。
salute [sK'lu:t] vt. 1.向...敬礼, 向...致意2.赞扬, 颂扬 vi. 敬礼, 致意 n.敬礼, 致意 【同】address in a friendly and respectful way 【例】There are so many women in the army now that when a solider sees a uniform coming down the street he has to wait till it gets within twenty feet before he knows whether to salute or whistle. 现在军队里有这么多妇女,以致当兵的在街上看见有穿军服的人走来时,他不得不一直等到对方离自己不足20英尺时才知道是该敬礼还是吹口哨。They saluted each other by raising their hats. 他们举起帽子互相致意。They saluted the Queen by firing ten guns. 他们鸣礼炮十响向女王致敬。
sample ['sA:mpl] n.样品, 试样, 样本 vt. 1.从...抽样(试验或调查)2.品尝, 体验 【同】specimen; example; representation 【例】Please take water samples. 请把水样取来。The nurse took a sample of my blood for tests. 护士抽了我的血样去化验。We sampled the stuff and found it satisfactory. 我们抽验了这批材料,认为满意。
satellite ['s<tKlait] n.卫星, 人造卫星
satire ['s<taiK] n.1.讽刺, 讥讽2.讽刺作品 【同】ridicule; mock; irony 【例】She answered him with slow satire. 她以慢条斯理的讽刺口吻回答他。His new play is a satire on the fashion industry. 他的新剧本是一部讽刺时装业的作品。
satisfactory [,s<tis'f<ktKri] a. 令人满意的 【例】Everything was turning out most satisfactory. 一切都非常趁心如意。The answer was not quite satisfactory to him. 这项答复未能使他完全满意。
sauce [sO:s] n.调味汁, 佐料 【例】Hunger is the best sauce. 饥饿是最好的调味品。What sauces go best with fish? 吃鱼用什么沙司最好? How dare you sauce your mother? 你怎么对你母亲这么无礼?
saucer ['sO:sK] n.茶托, 碟子 【例】He put the cup on the saucer. 他把茶杯放在茶托上。
sausage ['sOsidZ] n.香肠, 腊肠 【例】Many people don't like blood sausage. 很多人不喜欢黑香肠。
scan [sk<n] vt. 1.细看, 审视2.扫描3.浏览 n.扫描 【例】I scanned the newspaper when I was waiting for the bus. 等公共汽车的时候,我匆匆浏览了一下报纸。The radar scanned the sky for enemy planes. 雷达密切监视天空,搜索敌机。The doctors gave him an ultrasonic brain scan. 医生给他做了脑部超声波扫描检查。
scare [skEK] n.惊恐, 恐慌 vt. 吓, 使害怕 vi. 受惊吓, 感到害怕 【例】The child was scared of the fierce looking dog. 这孩子害怕那条外表凶恶的狗。The dog scared the thief away. 狗把小偷吓走了。You did give me a scare. 你真吓了我一跳。
scent [sent] n.1.香味, 气味2.臭迹, 踪迹, 线索3.香水 vt. 1.嗅到2.察觉 【同】smell; odor; perfume 【例】You may break, you may shatter the vase, if your ill; but the scent of the roses will hang round it still. 你可以把花瓶打破以至砸碎,但玫瑰的芬芳仍将悬浮在周围。There is a lavender scent and rosemary scent in the air. 空气中有熏衣草和迷迭香花的味道。The police are on the scent of the thieves. 警察发现了小偷的线索。
schedule ['Sedju:l] n.1.时刻表, 日程安排表2.清单, 明细表 vt. 安排, 排定 【例】The project was completed ahead of the schedule. 这项工程提前完工。The meeting is scheduled for Thursday. 会议定于星期四举行。
scheme [ski:m] n.1.计划, 方案2.阴谋 v. 密谋, 策划 【同】project; system; plan 【例】Men who are driven by their nature as living creatures to act, are also compelled by their nature as free spirits to relate their action to, and bring them into conformity with, some total scheme of meaning. 作为生物而由天性驱使行动的人们,也作为自由人而为天性所迫,将行动与某一总的意义本系联系起来,并使行动与之相符。Her enemies are scheming her downfall. 她的敌人阴谋打垮她。The manager had worked out a scheme for not paying the tax. 这经理想出了一个逃税的诡计。He examined the wiring scheme carefully. 他仔细检查线路图。
schooling ['sku:liN] n.学校教育
scissors ['sizKz] n. [pl.] 剪刀
scope [skKup] n.1.(活动, 影响等的)范围2.(发挥能力等的)余地, 机会 【例】Your question is beyond the scope of this book. 你所问的问题已超出了这本书的范围。
scorn [skO:n] n.轻蔑, 鄙视 vt. 1.轻蔑, 鄙视2.拒绝, 不屑(做) 【同】contempt; refute; look down upon 【例】In the very books in which philosophers bid us scorn fame, they inscribe their names. 正是在教导我们藐视名声的书籍上,哲人们题下了自己的大名。He poured scorn on my suggestion. 他对我的建议表示轻蔑。The small weak child became the scorn of the class. 这个瘦小软弱的孩子成为全班嘲笑的对象。She scorned our offers of help. 她不屑接受我们的帮助。
scout [skaut] n.1.侦察员(或机、舰)2.童子军 vi. 侦察, 寻找 【例】They scouted around for some antiques to furnish their new apartment. 他们到处搜罗一些古董来装饰新居。He scouted around to see what he could find. 他四处寻找,看看能找到些什么。
scrap [skr<p] n.1.碎片, 碎屑2.废金属3.[pl.] 残羹剩饭4.少量, 点滴 vt. 废弃, 抛弃 【同】bit; chips; trash 【例】The cook gave some scraps of meat to the dog. 厨子把几块碎肉喂了狗。There is not a scrap of truth in what he says. 他说的话没有半点是真的。You ought to scrap the old bike and buy a new one. 你应该扔掉这辆旧自行车,买一辆新的。
scrape [skreip] v. 刮, 擦 n.刮, 擦, 刮擦声 【例】Scrape your shoes on the door mat before you come in. 进屋前先在门口擦鞋垫上擦一擦鞋子。He suffered a few cuts and scrapes. 他割破和擦伤了几个地方。
scratch [skr<tS] v. 1.抓, 搔, 扒2.刮擦, 刻划 n.1.抓, 搔, 刮2.抓痕, 划痕 【同】damage; hurt; scrape; starting line 【例】His career started from scratch. 他的事业从头开始。He scratched his name on the wall with a knife. 他用一把小刀把自己的名字刻在墙上。Somebody has scratched his name off the list. 有人已经把他的名字从名单上划去了。The recording was spoiled by scratches. 录音被沙沙声破坏了。
scream [skri:m] vi. 尖声叫, 发出刺耳的声音 n.尖叫声, 刺耳的声音 【例】The boy was screaming with pain. 这男孩痛得尖叫起来。She screamed herself hoarse. 她把嗓子喊哑了。
screw [skru:] n.螺丝(钉) vt. 1.用螺钉固定2.拧, 拧紧 【例】One of the screws is loose. 一只螺丝松了。The table legs are screwed to the floor. 这张桌子的腿是用螺丝固定在地板上的。He screwed the others out of their share of the money. 他侵吞了其他人应得的钱。
seam [si:m] n.1.缝, 接缝2.煤层 【例】The seam of her skirt ripped. 她的裙子的接缝裂开了。
seaman ['si:mKn] n.海员,水手;水兵 【例】We have many skilled seamen on our ship. 我们船上有很多有经验的水手。
seaport ['si:pO:t] n.海港,港市 【例】He came from a large seaport. 他来自于一个大型海港城市。
second-hand ['sekKnd-h<nd] n.旧的,第二手的
segment ['segmKnt] n.1.部分, 断片2.(橘子等的)瓣 【同】section; fragment; division 【例】Chop the stalks into shot segments. 把茎杆切成短段。The company dominates this segment of the market. 这家公司控制了这一部分市场。The waiter brought us a dish of orange segments. 服务员给我们端来一盘掰开的橘子瓣。
selection [si'lekSn] n.1.选择, 挑选2.被挑选出来的人(或物), 精选品3.可供选择的东西 【例】That shop has a fine selection of cakes. 那家商店有各种精美的糕点供我们选择。
semiconductor [,semikKn'dVktK] n.半导体
senate ['senit] n.参议院, 上院 【例】The Senate has voted to support the President's defense plans. 参议院已经投票支持总统的防卫计划。
senator ['senKtK] n.参议员 【例】The senator voted to support the president. 这位参议员投票支持总统。
senior ['si:niK] a. 1.资格较老的, 地位较高的2.年长的 n.1.较年长者2.(中学或大学的)毕业班学生 【例】He is my senior by two years. 他比我大两岁。He is senior to me, though he is younger. 他地位比我高,虽然他比我年轻。
sensation [sen'seiSn] n.1.(感官的)感觉能力2.感觉, 知觉3.轰动, 引起轰动的事件(或人物) 【同】sensibility; sensitiveness; feeling 【例】I knew the train had stopped, but I had the sensation that it was moving backwards. 我知道火车已经停了,但我觉得火车在倒退。The new discovery caused a great sensation. 这项新发现很轰动。
sensible ['sensKbl] a. 明智的, 合情理的 【同】rational; discerning; judicious 【例】The sensible man is not influenced by what other people think. 明智的人不受别人想法的影响。
sensitive ['sensKtiv] a. 1.敏感的, 灵敏的2.神经过敏的, 容易生气的3.易受伤的 【同】delicate; tender; unstable 【例】Nothing is more sharp-sighted or sensitive than true love, in discerning, as by instinct, the feelings of another. 在像凭直觉一样辩别另一个人的感情时,没有什么比真正的爱情更目光锐利、更敏感的了。This tooth is sensitive to cold. 这颗牙对冷过敏。Don't be so sensitive - I was not criticizing you. 别那么敏感,我不是在批评你。This is such a sensitive issue that perhaps the press should not be told. 这是一个非常敏感的问题,恐怕不应该告诉新闻界。
sensitivity [,sensK'tiviti] 灵敏度
sensor ['sensK] 传感器
sentimental [,senti'mentl] a. 多愁善感的 【例】She did it for sentimental reasons. 她出于情感的缘故做了此事。He has a sentimental attachment to his birthplace. 他对他的出生地有眷恋之情。It's a sentimental song. 这是一首伤感的歌曲。
sequence ['si:kwKns] n.1.连续, 接续, 一连串2.次序, 顺序 【同】order; arrangement; series 【例】Science concerns itself with the coexistence and sequences among phenomena: grouping these at first into generalizations of a simple or low order, and rising gradually to higher and more extended generalizations. 科学关心现象之间的共存和次序:先把它们归类形成简单初步的概括,再逐步上升到更高更广的概括。We will deal with events in historical sequence. 我们将按照历史上的先后顺序研究这些事件。She made a sequence of dance movements. 她做了一个连续的舞蹈动作。A sequence of murders had prompted the police to actions. 一连串的谋杀迫使警方不得不采取行动。
session ['seSn] n.1.会议, 一届会期2. (从事某项活动的)集会(或一段时间) 【同】assembly; gathering 【例】If you learn and apply even one idea from a training session, it has been worthwhile. 从一次培训中哪怕只学到并用上一个主意,培训也是值得的。Be seated! This court is now in session. 请坐下! 本庭现在开庭。Parliament won't be in session again until after Christmas. 国会将等到圣诞节后才再进入会期。
setting ['setiN] n.1.环境, (小说等的)背景, (午台等的)布景2.调节, 设定的位置
settlement ['setlmKnt] n.1.解决, 协议2.居留地 【同】agreement; decision; colony 【例】The strikers have reached a settlement with the employers. 罢工的工人已同雇主达成协议。The terms of the settlement seem just. 和解的条件似乎还公道。The strikers have reached a settlement with the employers. 罢工者与雇主已达成协议。
shady ['Seidi] a.成荫的,阴凉的 【例】He found a shady place where he could eat his lunch. 他找了一处阴凉的地方吃了午饭。
shaft [SA:ft] n.1.柄, 杆2.(光的)束, 光线3.轴4.竖井, (电梯的)升降井 【例】The archers sent their shafts through the air. 弓箭手向空中射出利箭。The horse stood between the shafts of the carriage. 马站在大车车辕中间。The candidates exchanged shafts in the debate. 候选人在辩论中唇枪舌箭。
shameful ['SeimfKl] a.可耻的;不道德的 【例】It was shameful of them to surrender. 他们投降是可耻的。
shampoo [S<m'pu:] n.1.洗发剂, (地毯等的)洗涤剂2.用洗发剂洗头, 用洗涤剂洗地毯 vt. 用洗发剂洗(头), 用洗涤剂洗(地毯等)
shave [Seiv] vt. 剃, 刮, 刨, 削 vi. 修面, 刮脸 n.修面, 刮脸 【例】He shaved his head bald. 他剃了个光头。We could shave prices a little. 我们可以稍微削减点价格。He had a shave and a bath. 他刮了脸,又洗了澡。
shear [SiK] vt. 1.剪(羊毛、头发等)2.使折断, 使弯曲 n.[pl.] (剪羊毛、树枝等的)大剪刀 【例】All her curls have been shorn off. 她的一头卷发被剪得精光。I start shearing the sheep at the beginning of July. 我一般在7月初开始剪羊毛。He is cutting the branches with a pair of shears. 他正用一把大剪刀剪树枝。
sheer [SiK] a. 1.完全的, 十足的2.陡峭的, 垂直的3.极薄的, 透明的 ad. 垂直地, 陡峭地 vi. (off)急转向, 偏离 【同】abrupt; absolute; thin 【例】A secret love is bad; it's sheer ruin. 不可偷情,它是十足的毁灭。It's a sheer waste of time. 这纯粹是浪费时间。I met her by sheer chance. 我完全出于偶然遇见了她。The ground dropped away sheer at our feet. 我们脚下的地面垂直地陷落下去。
shield [Si:ld] n.防护物, 护罩, 盾(状物) vt. 保护, 防护 【同】guard; conceal; defend 【例】Wit is far more often a shield than a lance. 俏皮话更多地被作为盾而不是矛使用。The shield protected him from the blows of his enemy. 这盾牌保护他免受敌人的打击。Motorcyclists must wear helmets to shield them from injury. 摩托车手必须戴头盔保护自己免受伤害。
shilling ['SiliN] n.先令 【例】Twenty shillings were equal to one pound before 1971. 1971年前,二十先令等于一英镑。
shipment ['SipmKnt] n.1.装运, 装船2.装载(或运输)的货物 【同】load; commodity; freight 【例】A large shipment of grain has just arrived. 一大批粮食刚刚运到。The merchant had received a shipment of tea. 这个商人收到了一船茶叶。
shipwreck ['Siprek] n.船舶失事 【同】destruction; loss; wreck; ruin 【例】They suffered a shipwreck. 他们遭遇了海难。The news of shipwreck soon spread out widely. 船只失事的消息很快就广泛地传开了。The shipwrecked sailors were rescued by helicopter. 遭遇海难的水手已经被直升机救起。
shopkeeper ['SOpki:pK] n.店主
shopping ['SOpiN] n.购物
shortage ['SO:tidZ] n.不足, 缺少 【同】scanty; lack; insufficiency 【例】This island is almost made of coal and surrounded by fish. Only an organizing genius could produce a shortage of coal and fish in Great Britain at the same time. 这个岛几乎由煤构成并被鱼包围。只有一个组织天才才能在英国同时造成煤与鱼的短缺。
shortcut ['SO:tkVt] n.捷径
shorthand ['SO:th<nd] n.速记法, 速记
shortly ['SO:tli] ad. 1.立刻, 不久2.不耐烦地, 简慢地 【例】She died in an accident shortly afterwards. 不久以后,她就在一次事故中丧生。The movie was over shortly before six. 电影在六点钟不到就结束了。
shrewd [Sru:d] a. 机灵的, 敏锐的, 精明的 【同】clever; sharp; intelligent 【例】Who are happy in marriage? Those with so little imagination that they cannot picture a better state, and those so shrewd that they prefer quiet slavery to hopeless rebellion. 婚姻中什么人幸福?是那些如此缺乏想象力而无法设想更好状况的人,和那些如此精明而宁愿平静屈从、不愿无望造反的人。He is a shrewd and sometimes ruthless adversary. 他是个精明的、有时候冷酷无情的对手。It was a shrewd assessment and probably pretty close to the truth. 这个评估很有道理,可能相当正确。
shrink [SriNk] vi. 1.起皱, 收缩2.退缩, 畏缩 vt. 使起皱, 使收缩 【例】Will this woolen sweater shrink when washed? 这件羊毛衫洗后会缩水吗? The economy is shrinking instead of growing. 经济正在萎缩而不是在增长中。He had a tendency to shrink up whenever attention was focused on him. 当别人注意他时,他就会退缩一旁。The economy is shrinking instead of growing. 经济正在萎缩而不是在增长中。He had a tendency to shrink up whenever attention was focused on him. 当别人注意他时,他就会退缩一旁。
shutter ['SVtK] n.1.百叶窗2.(照相机的)快门 【例】He adjusted the shutter before taking a photo. 在照相前,他调整了快门。He adjusted the shutter before taking a photo. 在照相前,他调整了快门。
sideways ['saidweiz] a. 1.从一边(的), 向一边(的)2.在一边(的)3.斜着(的), 侧身(的)
sightseeing ['saitsi:iN] n.观光, 游览
signal ['signKl] n.1.信号, 暗号2.标志, 表示 vt. 1.向...发信号2.标志着 vi. 发信号 a. 显著的, 重大的 【例】A red lamp is often a danger signal. 红灯常常是危险的信号。The rise in prices was a signal for rebellion. 物价上涨引起了叛乱。The police signalled the traffic to move forward slowly. 警察向来往车辆打信号,示意缓慢前行。
significance [sig'nifikKns] n.1.意义, 含义2.重要性, 重大 【同】weight; consequence; importance 【例】The whole significance of life lies in the unremitting efforts to explore the unknown and increase knowledge. 生活的全部意义在于探索未知事物和增加知识的不懈努力。This new discovery of oil is of great significance to this area's economy. 这次新发现的石油对这个地区的经济有着重大的意义。Could you explain to me the significance of this part of the contract? 你能给我解释一下合同这一部分的含义吗?
significant [sig'nifikKnt] a. 1.相当数量的2.重要的, 意义重大的3.意味深长的 【例】Their change of plan is strange but I don't think it's significant. 很奇怪他们改变了计划,但我觉得没有什么用处。Few people realized the discovery was significant. 很少有人认识到这一发现的重要性。
signify ['signifai] vt. 表示...的意思, 意味, 预示
silicon ['silikKn] n.硅
simplicity [sim'plisiti] n.1.简单, 简易2.朴素 【同】singleness; monotony; artlessness 【例】Without an intelligent return to simplicity, there is no escape from our descent to a state lower than brutality. 不通过明智的返朴归真,就避免不了向比野蛮状态还要低的状态的堕落。The simplicity of the book makes it suitable for children. 这本书简单易懂,适合儿童。Simplicity is the essence of good taste. 纯朴是情趣高尚的主要因素。
simplify ['simplifai] vt. 简化, 使简明 【例】That will simplify my task. 那可简化了我的工作。She simplified the instructions so that the children could understand them. 她简化了指令以便于儿童理解。
simulate ['simjuleit] vt. 1.模仿, 模似2.假装, 冒充 【同】imitate; duplicate; copy 【例】The actor simulates a king. 这演员扮演国王。
simultaneous [,siml'teiniKs] a. 同时发生的, 同时存在的, 同步的 【同】coincident; contemporaneous 【例】It is impossible to imagine a more unpleasant sound than that caused by the simultaneous sneezing of many millions of angry mice. 无数发怒的老鼠同时咻咻作声,再也想不出比这更难听的声音了。The explosion was timed to be simultaneous with the plane's take-off. 爆炸的时间定在飞机起飞的时刻。The simultaneous demonstrations are held in London and New York. 在伦敦和纽约同时举行示威游行。
sincere [sin'siK] a. 诚挚的, 真诚的, 诚恳的 【同】honorable; innocent; genuine 【例】Men are always sincere. They change sincerities, that’ all. 人总是真诚的,他们改变诚意,就是这么回事。Please give my sincere regards to all the members of your family. 请向你全家转达我真挚的问候。
singular ['siNgjulK] a. 1.单教的2.非凡的, 突出的, 奇特的 【同】unique; sole; single 【例】Money is a singular thing. It ranks with love as man’s greatest source of joy. And with death as his greatest source of anxiety. 金钱是种奇异的东西。作为欢乐的最大来源它与爱情并列,作为焦虑的最大来源它又与死亡相当。
siren ['saiKrKn] n.1.汽笛, 警报器2.迷人的女人, 妖妇 【例】We all heard the air-raid siren. 我们都听到了空袭警报器的声音。An ambulance was racing along with its sirens wailing. 救护车响着警报急驰而过。
site [sait] n.位置, 场所, 地点 vt. 使坐落在, 设置 【例】Rescue workers rushed to the site of the plane crash. 抢救人员冲向飞机坠毁的现场。Is it safe to site the power station here? 在这建造发电厂安全吗?
sitting-room ['sitiNru:m] n.起居室 【例】The sitting-room is small. 这间起居室很小。
situated ['sitSueitid] a. 1.位于…的, 坐落在…的2.处于…境地的
sketch [sketS] n.1.略图, 草图2.梗概, 大意3.素描, 速写 vt. 1.绘…的略图, 画…的素描(或速写)2.概述, 简述 vi. 绘略图, 画素描(或速写)
skilful ['skilfKl] a. 灵巧的, 娴熟的
skilled [skild] a. 1.熟练的, 有技能的2.需要技能的
skyscraper ['skaiskreipK] n.摩天楼
slack [sl<k] a. 1.懈怠的, 马虎的2.萧条的, 清淡的, 不活跃的3.松(驰)的 n.1.(绳索等)松驰部分2.宽松裤 vi. 懈怠, 懒散 【同】relaxed; loose; inattentive 【例】In marriage, a man becomes slack and selfish, and undergoes a fatty degeneration of his moral being. 婚后男人变得懒散自私,经历了道德生命的脂肪变性。Winter is the slack season at most hotels. 冬天是大多数旅馆的淡季。Business is slack just now. 目前生意萧条不振。
slap [sl<p] vt. 1.掴, 掌击, 拍2.啪的一声(用力)放 n.掴, 掌击, 拍 【例】He slapped me on the back on my way home. 在我回家的路上,他在我背上拍了一下。He gave her a slap on the cheek and she began to cry. 他打了她一耳光,她就哭起来了。His decision was a slap in the face to those who had tried to change his mind. 他的决定对于那些试图要说服他的人不啻是一记耳光。
sleeve [sli:v] n.袖子
slender ['slendK] a. 1.苗条的, 修长的2.微薄的, 不足的, 微弱的 【同】slim; slight; spare; thin 【例】Great talents are the most lovely and often the most dangerous fruits on the tree of humanity. They hang upon the most slender twigs that are easily snapped off. 杰出的人才是人类之树最美好、常常也是最不安全的果实。它们悬挂在最纤细的、容易折断的技头。
slice [slais] n.1.薄片, 切片2.一份, 部分 vt. 切(片), 削
slim [slim] a. 1.苗条的2.薄的3.(机会)少的, 小的 v. (用运动, 节食等)减轻体重, 变苗条 【同】slender; thin; foxy 【例】I paint the women slimmer than they are and their jewels fatter. 我画的女子身段比她们纤细,首饰比她们的粗大。
slipper ['slipK] n.拖鞋
slippery ['slipKri] a. 1.滑的2.油滑的, 狡猾的, 不可靠的
slit [slit] vt. 切开, 撕开 n.狭长的口子, 裂缝
slogan ['slKugKn] n.标语, 口号, 广告语
slum [slVm] n.贫民窟
sly [slai] a. 1.狡猾的, 狡诈的2.会意的, 会心的 【同】tricky; foxy; crafty 【例】Consequences follow from this, of course, some of which are that ambition is driven underground, or made sly. 当然,其结果是报负开始转入地下,或者被遮遮掩掩。
smash [sm<S] vt. 1.粉碎, 打烂2.狠打, 猛击3.使破灭, 使失败 vi. 1.碎裂, 粉碎2.猛撞, 猛冲 n.1.破碎(声)2.猛击, 猛撞3.轰动的演出, 巨大的成功
smog [smOg] n.烟雾 (来自smoke+fog)
smuggle ['smVgl] vt. 1.走私, 非法私运2.偷运, 偷带
snack [sn<k] n.快餐, 小吃, 点心
snatch [sn<tS] vt. 1.夺, 夺走2.一下子拉, 一把抓住3.抓住机会做, 抽空做 vi. (at)一把抓住 n.片断
snobbish ['snObiS] a.势利的,谄上欺下的 【同】egoistic; pretentious 【例】And there is … that rich man in Chelsea who is so snobbish that he will not even drive in the same car as his chauffeur. 切尔西……的那个阔佬是如此势利,他甚至不肯跟他的司机开同一辆车。
snowstorm ['snKustO:m] n.雪暴,暴风雪
sob [sOb] vi. 呜咽, 啜泣, 抽噎 vt. 呜咽着说, 哭诉 n.呜咽(声), 啜泣(声)
sober ['sKubK] a. 1.未醉的, 有节制的2.严肃的, 持重的3.(颜色等)素淡的, 暗淡的 v. (up)(使)醒酒, (使)清醒 【同】solemn; restrained; not drunk 【例】To suppose, as we all suppose, that we could be rich and not behave as the rich behave, is like supposing that we could drink all day and keep absolutely. 设想(就像我们大家所设想的那样)自己能够既有钱又不像有钱人那样做人,好比是设想自己能够终日饮酒又保持完全清醒。He is perfectly sober. 他根本没喝醉。He sobered up quickly when he heard the terrible news. 他听到这个坏消息,马上就清醒过来了。
so-called [sKu'kO:ld] a. 所谓的, 号称的
soccer ['sOkK] n.足球 【例】People love to play soccer. 人们喜欢踢足球。
sociology [,sKusi'OlKdZi] n.社会学
soda ['sKudK] n.1.苏打水, 汽水2.苏打, 碳酸钠 【例】He gave me a bottle of orange soda. 他递给我一瓶桔子汽水。A chocolate soda, please. 请给我一客巧克力冰淇淋苏打。Please add some soda to the whisky. 请在威士忌中加些苏打水。He ordered two lime sodas. 他要了两杯酸橙苏打汽水。
software ['sOftwEK] n.软件 【例】There are many sorts of software in my computer. 我的计算机里有很多软件。
solar ['sKulK] a. 1.太阳的, 日光的2.(利用)太阳能的 【例】We can use solar energy to do many things today. 如今,我们可以利用太阳能做很多事情。The solar cell can convert the energy of sunlight into electric energy. 太阳能电池能把阳光的能量转化为电能。
solemn ['sOlKm] a. 1.严肃的2.庄严的, 隆重的 【同】grave; sober; grand 【例】What is life but a series of preludes in that unknown song whose first solemn note is sounded by death? 生命是什么,不就是那首未知的歌的一系列序曲,而这首歌的第一个庄严的音符由死亡奏响? He looked at her with a solemn expression. 他表情严肃地望着她。He gave his solemn promise to do better. 他庄重地保证把事情办好。
solidify [sK'lidifai] vt.&vi.团结;凝固
soluble ['sOljubl] a. 1.可溶的2.可解决的 【同】capable of disintegration 【例】Love is sparingly soluble in the words of men, therefore they speak much of it; but one syllable of woman’s speech can dissolve more of it than a man’s heart can hold. 男人的言辞所能溶角的爱情有限,所以他们大谈特谈;而女人的话中一个音节所能溶入的爱,却超过了男人的心的容量。This kind of tablet is soluble in water. 这种药片能溶于水。These problems are not readily soluble. 这些问题不容易解决。
somehow ['sVmhau] ad. 1.以某种方式, 用某种方法2.不知怎么地 【例】We must stop him from seeing her somehow. 我们得想个办法阻止他和她来往。Somehow, I don't feel I can trust him. 不知什么缘故,我觉得不能信任他。I always know I'd get the job, somehow. 也不知为什么,我总觉得能得到那份工作。
sophisticated [sK'fistikeitid] a. 1.老于世故的, 教练的, 精通的2.精密的, 尖端的, 复杂的3.高雅的, 有教养的 【同】mature; cultured; complex 【例】The girl is rather sophisticated for her age. 那女孩有股和她处龄不相仿的世故。On the other hand, young people still lack adequate experience and skills to deal with sophisticated national problems and international realations. 另一方面,年轻人仍然缺乏足够的经验和技能去处理复杂的国家问题和国际关系
sophomore ['sOfKmO:] n. 大学二年级生
sorrowful ['sOrKufKl] a.使人伤心的;悲伤的
southeast [sauT'i:st] n.东南(方), 东南部 ad. 向东南 a. 东南方的, 东南部的, 来自东南的 【例】The wind is in the southeast. 东南部有风。Taiwan is southeast of China. 台湾在中国的东南。
southwards ['sauTwKdz] ad.向南方
southwest [sauT'west] n.西南(方), 西南部 ad. 向西南 a. 西南方的, 西南部的, 来自西南的
spaceship ['speis+Sip] n.航天飞船 【例】There are five spacemen in the spaceship. 宇宙飞船里有五个飞行员。The spaceship traveled smoothly in the universe. 太空船在宇宙里平稳地飞行。
span [sp<n] n.1.一段时间2.跨距, 跨度 vt. 1.持续, 贯穿, 包括2.横跨, 跨越 【同】spread; measure; extent 【例】The short span of life forbids us to take on far-reaching hopes. 短暂的生命不许我们接受远大的希望。
spark [spA:k] n.火花, 火星 vi. 发出火花 vt. (off)触发, 引起 【例】The exhaust pipe shot sparks. 排气管中射出了火星。There was a wild spark in his eyes. 他的两眼炯炯发光。The vital spark in him makes him an artist. 他的生气勃勃的活力使他成为一个艺术家。
sparrow ['sp<rKu] n.麻雀 【例】The sparrow is a common bird in our city. 麻雀在我们这个城市里是一种常见的鸟。
spear [spiK] n.予, 梭镖, 矛尖 v. 刺, 戳 【例】The fisher used a spear as his weapon. 渔夫用矛作为武器。
speciality [,speSi'<lKti] n.1.特产, 名产, 特色菜2.专业, 专长
specialize ['speSKlaiz] (=specialise) vi. (in)专门研究, 专攻 【例】This shop specializes in chocolates. 这个商店专门出售巧克力。He specializes in oriental history. 他专门研究东方史。
specialty ['speSKlti] n.1.特产, 名产, 特色菜2.专业, 专长 【例】His specialty is ancient French. 他专门研究的领域是古法语。I can recommend the vegetable pie - it's the specialty of the house. 我推荐一道蔬菜馅饼,它是这家餐馆的名菜。
specific [spK'sifik] a. 1.特定的, 特有的2.明确的, 具体的 n.[pl.] 详情, 细节 【例】He gave us very specific instructions. 他给我们做了非常明确的指示。There is a specific tool for each job. 各工种配备特定的工具。
specification [,spesifi'keiSn] n.1.[常pl.] 规格, 规范2.明确说明3.(产品等的)说明书 【同】designation; particularization 【例】The specifications for building a bridge are designed. 建造一座大桥的详细规格已设计完毕。
specify ['spesifai] vt. 明确说明, 具体指定
specimen ['spesimin] n.标本, 样本 【同】individual; unit; example 【例】The doctor will need a specimen of your blood. 医生需要你的血样。He is still a fine specimen of health. 他仍是健康的典范。The museum displays the specimen of ancient Chinese porcelain. 这个博物馆展出中国古瓷器标本。
spectacle ['spektKkl] n.1.(大规模)演出, 场面2.景象, 壮观3.[常pl.] 眼镜 【例】The old man put on his spectacles and started reading. 老人戴上眼镜开始看书。I can't see things through your spectacles. 我和你的看法不同。The celebrations provided a magnificent spectacle. 庆祝活动呈现一派宏伟的景象。
spectacular [spek't<kjulK] a. 壮观的, 引人注目的 n.壮观的演出, 惊人之举 【例】The new play was a spectacular success. 这出新戏获得了巨大的成功。
spectator [spek'teitK] n.观众, 旁观者 【例】Football is our most popular spectator sport. 足球是最受我们欢迎、最能吸引观众的一项运动。
speculate ['spekjuleit] vi. 1.(about, on)推测, 推断2.投机, 做投机买卖 vt. 推测, 推断 【同】consider; infer; theorize 【例】There are two times in a man’s life when he should not speculate; when he can’t afford it and when he can. 人的一生中有两个时候不应投机:投机不起的时候和投机得起的时候。
spelling ['speliN] n.拼写, 拼法
spider ['spaidK] n.蜘蛛 【例】The little girl thinks spiders are terrible creatures. 小女孩认为蜘蛛是一种可怕的生物。
spiritual ['spiritSuKl] a. 1.精神(上)的2.宗教(上)的 【同】refined; holy; religious 【例】Great men are they who see that spiritual is stronger than any material force, and that thoughts rule the world. 伟人就是认为精神力量大于物质力量,思想统治世界的人。I care more about the spiritual life than the substantial life. 和物质生活相比,我更注重精神生活。
spit [spit] vi. 吐唾沫(或吐痰) vt. 吐出 n.唾液, 唾沫 【例】She spat at his face in contempt. 她吐口水在他的脸上,以此表示对他的蔑 视。It's rude to spit in public. 在公共场合随便吐痰是不礼貌的。
sponsor ['spOnsK] n.发起者, 主办者, 赞助者 vt. 1.发起, 主办2.资助, 赞助3.支持 【同】guarantor; patron; supporter 【例】The longest word in the English language is the one following the phrase: And now a word from our sponsor. 英语中最长的两句话是由此引发的:现在请赞助者讲两句话。
spontaneous [spOn'teiniKs] a. 1.自发的, 无意识的2.自然的, 天真率直的 【同】involuntary; instinctive 【例】Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings, it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility. 诗歌是强烈感情的自然溢出,它源于平静中集聚的情感。She shows a spontaneous gaiety of manner. 她露出天真愉快的神态。He is spontaneous to offer help. 他主动提供帮助。
sprout [spraut] vi. 1.发芽, 抽芽, 长出2.(up)迅速出现, 迅速成长 vt. 长出(叶, 毛发等) n.新芽, 嫩枝 【例】Water is spouting out of the pipe. 水正从管子里喷出来。He is always spouting Shakespeare. 他老是喋喋不休地谈莎士比亚。The spout of the teapot is jammed by tea. 茶壶的壶口被茶叶堵住了。
spray [sprei] v. 喷, (使)溅散 n.1.浪花, 水花, 飞沫2.喷雾 【同】splash; scatter; diffuse 【例】It’s spring. The farmers are spraying fruit trees. 春天到了,农民正在为果树喷药。He sprayed paint on the wall. 他把漆喷在墙上。The gangsters sprayed the car with machinegun bullets. 匪徒们用机枪狂扫汽车。We parked the car by the sea and it got covered with spray. 我们把汽车停在海边,结果车上全是水沫。
sprinkle ['spriNkl] v. 撒, 洒 n. 少量, 少数 【例】We covered the cakes with chocolate sprinkles. 我们给蛋糕洒上巧克力末。He sprinkled vinegar on his fish and chips. 他把醋洒在鱼和土豆片上。It sprinkled that evening. 那天晚上下了小雨。
spur [spK:] n.刺激(物), 激励 vt. 激励, 鞭策, 促进 【同】stimulation; incentive 【例】Danger is the spur of all great minds. 危险对于一切伟人都是激励。International competition was a spur to modernization. 国际竞争是实现现代化的动力。What spurred her to do that? 是什么促使她那么干的?
squeeze [skwi:z] vt. 1.挤出, 出2.压榨, 榨取3.捏, 握 vi. 挤, 挤入, 挤过 n.1.挤2.握(手)3.拮据, 紧缺, 经济困难
stab [st<b] v./n. 刺, 戳
stability [stK'biliti] n.稳定, 稳固 【例】The government has taken a measure to maintain the stability of prices. 政府已经采取了措施以确保物价稳定。
stack [st<k] n.整齐的一叠(或一堆) vt. 把...叠成堆, 堆放于 【例】There is a stack of dishes to be washed in the kitchen. 厨房里还有一大堆盘子要洗。Traffic was stacked up for miles because of the accident. 车祸引起了交通堵塞,车辆排起的长龙有好几里长。The floor was stacked up with books. 地板上堆满了书。
stadium ['steidiKm] n.运动场, 体育场 【例】We will go to the stadium to watch a football match. 我们将去体育场观看足球比赛。
stain [stein] vt. 沾污, 染污, 染色 n.污点, 污迹 【同】blot; speck 【例】My chastity of honor, which feels a stain like a wound. 对于我纯洁的声誉,污点就像伤口一样难以忍受。The little boy stained his fingers with ink. 小男孩的手指让墨水给染脏了。He stained the family honor. 他玷污了家族的荣誉。Such a man is a stain to humanity. 这种人是人类的耻辱。
staircase ['stEKkeis] n.楼梯
stairway ['stEKwei] n.楼梯
stake [steik] n.1.桩, 标桩2.利害关系, 股份3.赌本, 赌注 vt. 以...打赌, 拿...冒险 【同】pole; post; stick 【例】Marriage is a lottery in which men stake their liberty and women their happiness. 婚姻是一场赌博,其中男人押上了自由,女人押上了幸福。He drove a stake into the ground. 他向地里打了一根桩子。He staked a claim to the land where he'd found the gold. 他在发现黄金的那块土地上立下界标以表明他的所有权。I have staked all my hopes on you. 我已经把我所有的希望都寄托在你身上了。
stale [steil] a. 1.不新鲜的2.陈腐的, 过时的 【同】dull; old; spoiled; dried 【例】Running water does not get stale; a door-hinge is never worm-eaten. 流水不腐,户枢不蠢。The beer is stale. 啤酒走了气了。They had nothing to eat but stale bread. 除了陈面包外,他们没有别的东西可吃。
stall [stO:l] n.1.货摊2.[pl.] (剧场的)正厅前座区3.(发动机的)熄火4.小房间, 小隔间 v. 1.(使)(发动机)熄火2.拖延, 推迟 【例】Never buy food from a market stall. 千万别在小摊上买食物。Every time I ask her to set the date she stalls. 我每次请她定一个时间,她总是借故拖延。
standardize ['st<ndKdaiz] vt.使与标准比较
standpoint ['st<ndpOint] n.立场, 观点
startle ['stA:tl] vt. 使惊吓, 使吃惊 【同】shock surprise 【例】Poetry should be great and unobtrusive; a thing which enters into one’s soul, and does not startle it or amaze it with itself, but with its subject. 诗歌应当既不寻常又不唐突。它深入人心,不是以本身而是以其主题使心灵吃惊或震动。He was startled by the news. 这消息使他大吃一惊。He gave me a startle. 他吓了我一跳。
starve [stA:v] v. (使)挨饿, (使)饿死 【同】need; want; hunger 【例】Those who work deserve to eat; those who do not work deserve to starve. 劳动者应得食,不劳动者应挨饿。They tried to starve him into submission. 他们试图用饥饿来使他就范。The plant was starved of light and died. 这株植物因为极度缺乏光照而死了。Large areas of land, which formerly grew tobacoos, will now produce grains to feed some starving people in the world. 种植烟草的大量土地将被用来种庄稼以满足饥饿者的需要。But what has the space race done to relieve the suffering of the earth’s starving millions. 但是太空竞争又作了什么来拯救地球上千百万在饥饿中挣扎的人们呢。
static ['st<tik] (=statical) a. 1.静的, 静力的, 静态的2.静止的, 停滞的 n.1.静电2.[-s]静力学 【同】immobile; inactive; latent 【例】Life is not a static thing. The only people who do not change their minds are incompetents in asylums, who can抰, and those in cemeteries. 生活不是静止的东西。惟一不改主意的人是精神病院的弱智者,他们办不到;还有躺在墓地里的人。
stationary ['steiSKnri] a. 固定的, 静止不动的 【同】fixed; stable; motionless 【例】A stationary target is easiest to aim at. 静止的靶子最好瞄。A stationary target is easiest to aim at. 静止的目标是最容易瞄准的。
stationery ['steiSKnri] n.1.文具2.(配套的)信笺信封 【同】writing materials 【例】I noticed a doll in the corner of a stationery store. 我在一个文具店的角落看到了一个洋娃娃。My stationery cupboard is full of paper. 我的文具柜塞满了纸。
statistical [stK'tistikl] a.统计的,统计学的 【例】They showed some statistical evidence to support their argument. 他们出示了一些统计数字来支持他们的论点。
statistics [stK'tistiks] n.统计(学) 【同】enumeration; figures; data 【例】Statistics show many young people tend not to be children. 统计数字表明,许多人不想当孩子。
statue ['st<tSu:] n.塑像, 雕像 【同】image; sculpture; art 【例】I had rather men should ask why no statue has been erected in my honor, than why one has. 我宁愿人们问为什么没有为我立纪念像,也不愿他们问为什么立起这么一尊象。The statue is made of bronze. 这座雕像是青铜铸成。
status ['steitKs] n.1.地位, 身份2.情形, 状况 【同】role; position; rank; hierarchy 【例】One who sells his freedom for gold will be reduced to the status of a slave forever. 以自由换取黄金者将永世为奴。
steady ['stedi] a. 1.稳的, 平稳的2.稳定的, 持续的3.稳重的, 坚定的 v. (使)平稳, (使)稳定 【同】firm; unwavering; regular 【例】Neither the sun nor death can be looked at with a steady eye. 对太阳和死亡都无法直视。The old man is not steady on his legs. 这位老人站不稳。I know she is steady in her purpose. 我知道她意志坚定。The hunter steadied his rifle and fired. 猎人端稳了猎枪,然后开了火。
steamer ['sti:mK] n.汽船, 轮船 【例】The steamers for Shanghai leave on Wednesday. 开往上海的轮船星期三启程。
steer [stiK] vt. 1.驾驶, 为...操舵2.引导 vi. 驾驶 【例】He steered the car skillfully through the narrow streets. 他熟练地驾驶着汽车穿过狭窄的街道。He steered me to a table and sat me down in a chair. 他把我领到一张桌子前,让我在椅子上坐 下。
stem [stem] n.1.茎, 干2.词干 vi. (from)起源于 vt. 堵住, 止住, 抑止 【例】She bought some roses with long stems. 她买了一些枝干很长的玫瑰花。Our ship stemmed on against the current. 我们的船逆流而上。
stern [stK:n] a. 严厉的, 严格的, 严峻的 n.船尾 【同】rigid; strict; severe 【例】To most men, experience is like the stern light of a ship which illumine only the track it has passed. 对于大多数人,经验就像船的艉灯,只是照亮驶过的航道。She seated herself in the stern. 她坐进了船尾。She had a stern father who never praised her. 她父亲很严厉,他从来没有表扬过她。
steward ['stju:Kd] n.1.(飞机、轮船等)乘务员,服务员2.(房屋、田地等的)看管人3.(大学等的)膳食管理员 【例】His neighbor is a chief steward. 他的邻居是一个乘务员领班。
sticky ['stiki] a. 粘的, 粘性的2.(天气)湿热的3.困难的, 棘手的 【同】gluey; adhesive 【例】Melted ice-cream is a fluid which is eternally sticky. One drop of it on a car-door handle spreads to the seat covers, to trousers, and thence to hands, and then to the steering wheel, the real-view mirror, all the knobs of the dashboard. 融化的冰淇淋是永远发黏的液体。落在车门手上一滴就会扩展到座位罩上、裤子上,从而到手上,然后到方向盘上、扣视镜上、仪表板的全部旋钮上……。
stimulate ['stimjuleit] vt. 刺激, 激励 【同】motivate; excite; incite; intrigue 【例】I lived in solitude in the country and noticed how the monotony of a quiet life stimulates the creative mind. 我独居乡间,注意到平静生活的单调是如何地激发着创造力。Light stimulates plant growth. 光会刺激植物生长。I hoped my warning would stimulate her to greater efforts. 我希望我的告诫会促使她作出更大的努力。
sting [stiN] vi. 1.刺, 蜇, 叮2.感到剧痛 vt. 1.刺, 蜇, 叮2.刺痛, 使痛苦3.激怒 n.1.(昆虫的)蜇刺2.刺(痛), 剧痛 【同】wound; cut; sore; prick; bit 【例】Misfortunes one can endure —— they come from outside, they are accidents. But to suffer for one’s own faults —— ah —— there is the sting of life. 不幸可以忍受——它们来自外部,它们属于意外。然而吃自己错误的苦头——唉——生活的惨痛即在于此。Her ingratitude stung him. 她的忘恩负义使他痛心。His flattery carries a sting. 他的奉承话中带刺。
stitch [stitS] n.1.(缝、绣、编结等的)一针, 线迹2.缝法, 针法, 编结法3.(肋部的)突然剧痛 v. 缝, 绣 【例】The doctor put three stitches in my head. 医生在我头上缝了三针。When she sews she makes long stitches. 她做针线活时针脚很大。Will you stitch a button on this shirt? 请你在这件衬衫上钉一颗钮扣好吗?
stony ['stKuni] a.多石的;冷酷的
stool [stu:l] n.凳子 【例】He goes to stool twice a day. 他每天大便两次。
stoop [stu:p] vi. 1.弯腰, 俯身2.(to)堕落到, 降低身份(做某事) n.弯腰, 曲背 【例】She stooped low to look under the bed. 她弯下腰看床底下。Don't stoop to quarrel with her about it. 别降低身份为这事去跟她争吵。The old woman walked with a stoop. 老太太伛偻而行。
storage ['stO:ridZ] n.1.贮藏, 保管2.存储 【例】His furniture is in storage while he finds a new house. 他在找新房子时把家具存放在仓库里。
stove [stKuv] n.炉子, 火炉
straightforward [,streit'fO:wKd] a. 1.正直的, 坦率的2.易懂的, 简单的 【同】sincere; outspoken; frank 【例】The procedure is quite straightforward. 手续十分简单。
strain [strein] n.1.拉紧, 绷紧2.过劳, 极度紧张3.张力4.扭伤, 拉伤5.[常pl.] 旋律, 曲调6.品种, 品系, 家系7.气质, 个性特点 vt. 1.扭伤, 拉伤2.尽力使用, 使紧张3.拉紧, 绷紧 v 【同】exertion; tension; ache 【例】The secret of popular writing is never to put more on a given page than the common reader can lap off it with no strain whatsoever on his habitually slack attention. 流行作品的秘密,在于在一定的页面上,绝不提供一般读者一下子看不完的东西,不给他一贯松懈的注意力带去任何紧张。Too heavy a load will strain the rope to its breaking point. 负载过重会把绳子拉紧到崩断的地步。You will strain your eyes by reading in such poor light. 你在这样弱的光线下看书会损伤视力的。The author seems to strain after novelty. 作者似乎在力图标新立异。This strain of wheat can grow during a cold spring. 这种小麦可以在寒冷的春天生长。
strap [str<p] n.带, 皮带 vt. 1.用带扣住, 束牢, 捆扎2.用绷带包扎 【例】Her camera strap has broken. 她的照相机吊带断了。The child was given the strap. 这个孩子被鞭打了一顿。All the luggage has been strapped up. 所有行李都已捆扎好。The slave was strapped to death. 这个奴隶被鞭打死。
strategy ['str<tKdZi] n.战略, 策略 【同】approach; tactics; policy 【例】Worry more about implementation than strategy —— it’s harder to do. 更多地为贯彻落实而非战略本身操心——这样做更难。I think we should work out a strategy to deal with this situation. 我想我们应该制订出一项行动计划,用来对 付这种情况。
strengthen ['streNTn] vt. 加强, 巩固 【例】The soldiers strengthened their defenses. 士兵们加强了他们的防御工事。The wind strengthened during the night. 风在夜间刮得更猛了。
stride [straid] vi. 大踏步走 n.1.大步2.步法, 步态3.(常)进展, 进步 【例】China is striding ahead in her economic construction. 中国正在经济建设方面大步前进。In a few strides he crossed the room. 他几大步就穿过了房间。
striking ['straikiN] a. 1.显著的, 突出的2.惹人注目的, 容貌出众的 【同】outstanding; remarkable; conspicuous 【例】That which is striking and beautiful is not always good, but that which is good is always beautiful. 引人注目且美的东西并不总是好的,但好的东西总是美的。
strip [strip] vi. 脱光衣服 vt. 1.剥去, 脱去…的衣服2.剥夺, 夺走 n.条, 狭条, 带状物 【例】Locust had stripped the leaves off the trees. 蝗虫把树上的叶子都吃光了。They stripped off and jumped into the pool. 他们脱掉衣服,跳进了池子。We'll have to strip the engine down to find the fault. 我们得把发动机拆卸开来找出毛病。Our football players have a red and white strip. 我们队的足球队员们穿着红白两色的队服。
strive [straiv] vi. 努力, 奋斗, 力求 【例】He strove for recognition as an artist. 他为获得艺术家的声誉而奋斗。
structural ['strVktSKrKl] a.结构的,构造的 【例】There is a structural alteration to the building. 这座建筑物在这有一处结构上的改变。
structure ['strVktSK] n.1.结构, 构造2.建筑物 vt. 构造, 建造 【例】Can you analyze the structure of the sentence for me? 你能给我分析一下这个句子的结构吗? You need to structure your arguments more carefully. 你需要更为仔细地组织自己的论点。
stubborn ['stVbKn] a. 1.顽固的, 执拗的, 倔强的2.难对付的, 难于克服的 【同】resolute; unyielding; unreasonable 【例】Facts are stubborn things. 事实是顽固的东西。He is as stubborn as a mule. 他非常固执。You'll have to push hard; that door is a bit stubborn. 你得使劲推,那扇门有点难开。
stuffy ['stVfi] a.不透气的,闷热的 【例】Our office is really stuffy. 我们的办公室很闷。
stumble ['stVmbl] vi. 1.绊脚, 绊倒2.跌跌撞撞地走3.(说话等时)结结巴巴 【例】I stumbled over a tree root. 我在一个树根上绊了一跤。The child stumbled through a piece by Chopin. 那孩子费劲地奏完一支肖邦的曲子。
sturdy ['stK:di] a. 1.强壮的, 结实的, 坚固的2.坚定的, 坚强的 【同】strong; stout; vigorous 【例】Some people regard private enterprise as a predatory tiger to be shot. Others look on it as a cow they can milk. Not enough people see it as a healthy horse pulling a sturdy wagon. 有些人把私有企业当作应予射杀的吃人老虎,另一些人则将其看成可以挤奶的母牛。没有足够的人将其视为拉着结实货车的壮马。
subdivide [,sVbdi'vaid] vt.把…再分
submerge [sKb'mK:dZ] vi. 潜入水中 vt. 浸没, 淹没 【同】immerse; sink 【例】The shark submerged but the old man pursued. 鲨鱼潜游下去,老人却穷追不舍。At the first sign of danger the submarine will submerge. 一有危险迹象,潜艇就会潜入水中。Her happiness at seeing him submerged her former worries. 她看到他非常高兴,顿时完全忘记了先前的烦恼。
submit [sKb'mit] vi. (to)屈服, 听从 vt. 1.呈送, 提交2.主张, 建议 【同】yield; obey 【例】Justice remains the greatest power on earth. To that tremendous power alone will we submit. 正义始终是世间最强大的力量。只有对这种巨大的力量我们要顺从。We should submit our plans to the council for approval. 我们应该向理事会提交计划以求批准。
subordinate [sK'bO:dinKt] a. 1.下级的, 级别低的2.(to)次要的, 从属的 n.部属, 下级 vt. 使处于次要地位, 使从属于 【同】inferior; junior; secondary 【例】In the army a captain is subordinate to a major. 军队中,上尉的职务低于少校。All the other issues are subordinate to this one. 所有问题都要从属于这一问题。He was always friendly to his subordinates. 他对下级一向和蔼可亲。He subordinated his wishes to the general good of the group. 他使自己的愿望服从于集体的利益。
subscribe [sKb'skraib] vi. (to)1.订阅, 订购(书籍等)2.同意, 赞成 vt. 捐助, 赞助 【同】support; contribute; promise 【例】We have subscribed to this newspaper. 我们已经订阅了这份报纸。I subscribed to several magazines. 我订阅了几份杂志。We subscribe to an animal protection society. 我们定期捐款给一个动物保护基金会。I subscribed my name to the document. 我在文件上签了名。
subsequent ['sVbsikwKnt] a. 随后的, 后来的 【例】They made plans for a visit, but subsequent difficulties with the car prevented it. 我们原计划去游览,但后来汽车出了故障,没有去成。The events I'm speaking of were subsequent to the war. 我现在说到的事情都是战后发生的。
substance ['sVbstKns] n.1.物质2.实质3.大意, 要旨4.根据, 理由 【例】There is not anything of real substance in their book. 他们的书中没有什么实质性的内容。
substantial [sKb'st<nSl] a. 1.可观的, 大量的2.牢固的, 结实的3.实质的, 真实的 【同】solid; firm; strong; important 【例】Every person born in the United States is endowed with life, liberty and a substantial share of the national debt. 生在美国的每个人都被赋予生命、自由和国债的大量份额。We are in substantial agreement. 我们实际上意见一致。They want to see substantial changes. 他们想看到实质性的变化。
substitute ['sVbstitju:t] n.代用品, 代替者 vt. 代替, 代以 vi. (for)代替, 替代 【例】Water is not a proper substitute for wine. 水不是酒的适当代用品。The coach substituted Smith for Jones. 教练让史密斯上场,换下了琼斯。We substituted a red ball for blue to see if the baby would notice. 我们用红皮球换下了蓝皮球,看这婴儿会不会发觉。
subtle ['sVtl] a. 1.微妙的, 难于捉摸的2.诡秘的, 狡诈的3.隐约的 【同】indirect; implied; suggestive 【例】Men always want to be a woman’s first love; women have a more subtle instinct; what they like is to be a man’s last romance. 男人总想成为女人的第一个恋人。女人则具有更微妙的本能,她们希望的是成为男人追求最后一个对象。She has a very subtle mind. 她头脑敏锐。She has a subtle charm. 她有难以形容的魅力。
subtract [sKb'tr<kt] v. 减(去) 【同】deduct; take away; decrease 【例】Sometimes, if your own life is to add up, you must subtract your self from someone else’s life. 有时候,如果你自己的生活想要增加,你就得把自己从另外某个人的生活中减掉。If you subtract 2 from 8, you get 6. 8减去2是6。
subway ['sVbwei] n.1.地铁2.地下过道, 地道 【例】Use the subway to cross the road. 请走地下通道穿越马路。I want to get there by subway. 我想乘地铁去那儿。
succession [sKk'seSn] n.1.连续, 接续2.一连串, 一系列3.接替, 继任 【同】continuation; sequence; series 【例】A man can stand almost anything except a succession of ordinary days. 人可以忍受几乎一切,连续不断的平淡日子除外。
successive [sKk'sesiv] a. 接连的, 连续的
suck [sVk] v. 吸, 吮 【例】Don't suck your thumb; it's so dirty. 别舔手指头,太脏了。
sue [su:] vi. 1.控告, 起诉2.(for)要求, 请求 vt. 控告, 起诉
sufficient [sK'fiSnt] a. 足够的, 充分的 【例】There is sufficient food for everybody. 有足够的饭菜供大家吃。
suicide ['su:isaid] n.1.自杀2.自取灭亡 【例】She tried to commit suicide, but we saved her life by chance. 她试图自杀,但我们碰巧救了她。
sulphur ['sVlfK] (=sulfur) n.硫 【例】Sulphur can be used to make gunpowder. 硫磺可以用来制造火药。
summarize ['sVmKraiz] (=summarise) vt. 概括, 总结
summary ['sVmKri] n.摘要, 概要 a. 即刻的, 立即的 【例】Please write me a summary of this report. 请替我把这份报告写一份摘要。Such an offence will lead to a summary fine. 这类过错要当场予以罚款。I went through by a summary method. 我用简易的方法通过了。
sunrise ['sVnraiz] n.1.日出, 拂晓2.朝霞
super ['su:pK] a. 极好的, 超级的
superb [su:'pK:b] a. 极好的, 高质量的 【同】excellent; marvelous; outstanding 【例】The food of the city’s most celebrated dining salons, with one or perhaps two exceptions, is neither predictably elegant nor superb. More often than not it is predictably common place. 这个城市最有名的一些餐馆的菜肴,除了极个别的之外,都可以预言既不精致也不华美。它们多半可以预言是平淡无奇的。The sports facilities are superb in this city. 这个城市的运动设施是一流的。I like our country's superb view. 我喜欢我们国家壮丽的景色。
superficial [,su:pK'fiSl] a. 1.肤浅的, 浅薄的2.表面的 【同】hasty; short-sighted; ignorant 【例】To know things well, we must know them in detail; but as that is almost endless, out knowledge is always superficial and imperfect. 为了充分地认识事物,必须详细地了解它们。然而由于那几乎是没有穷尽的,我们的知识也就总是肤浅的、不完善的。Superficial scratches can be easily removed. 表面的划痕很容易擦掉。He is too superficial to appreciate great literature like this. 他太肤浅,无法欣赏这类文学巨著。
superfluous [su:'pK:fluKs] a. 过多的, 过剩的, 多余的 【例】He has already been told, so our comments are superfluous. 早就有人同他说过,所以我们的意见是多余的。
superiority [su:,piKri'Oriti] n.优越(性), 优等
supervise ['su:pKvaiz] v. 监督, 管理, 指导
supplement ['sVplimKnt] n.1.增补(物), 补充(物)2.增刊, 副刊 vt. 增补, 补充 【同】add to; complete; improve 【例】A man’s work is rather the needful supplement to himself than the outcome of it. 一个人的工作更多地是他自身的必要补充,而非这种补充的结果。I supplement my scholarship by working in the evening. 我除了享受奖学金外还打夜工以增加收入。The money I got was a useful supplement to my ordinary income. 我得到的那笔钱是很管用的外快。
suppress [sK'pres] vt. 1.压制, 镇压2.禁止发表, 查禁3.抑制(感情等), 忍住4.阻止...的生长(或发展) 【同】crush; overpower; defeat 【例】He who can suppress a moment’s anger may prevent a day of sorrow. 克制一时的怒气可是以免于一天的烦恼。
supreme [su:'pri:m] a. 1.最高的, 至上的2.极度的, 最重要的 【同】highest; excellent; principal 【例】The supreme happiness of our life is the conviction that we are loved. 人生最大的幸福莫于这于确信自己为人所爱。It was the supreme moment in his life. 那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
surgery ['sK:dZKri] n.1.外科, 外科手术2.手术室 【例】He underwent open-heart surgery. 他接受了体外循环心脏手术。He is preparing for the surgery. 他正在做手术前的准备。
surname ['sK:neim] n.姓 【例】What is your surname? 你的姓是什么?
surpass [sK'pA:s] vt. 1.超过, 优于, 多于2.超过...的界限, 非...所能办到(或理解) 【同】excel; exceed; go beyond 【例】If a pupil looks up at the teacher as a model, but not as rival he can never surpass the teacher. 弟子如果视老师为榜样而非对手,他就永远超不过老师。
surplus ['sK:plKs] n.过剩, 剩余, 盈余 a. 过剩的, 多余的 【同】residue; remainder; excess 【例】Democracy is clearly most appropriate for countries which enjoy an economic surplus and least appropriate for countries where there is an economic insufficiency. 民主显然最适合享有经济剩余的国家而最不适合存在经济不足的国家。Mexico has a large surplus of oil. 墨西哥有大量过剩的石油。We are giving away all our surplus apples. 我们准备把多余的苹果全部送人。Surplus advertisements have imterfered in people’s normal life.过多的广告已经干扰了人们的正常生活。
surprising [sK'praiziN] a.惊人的;出人意外的
surrender [sK'rendK] vi. 1.投降2.(to)屈服(于), 让步 vt. 交出, 放弃 n.投降, 放弃 【同】quit; abandon; give up; let go 【例】A man may be in as just possession of truth as of a city, and yet be forced to surrender. 人可能拥有真理一如拥有城池,终归被迫投降。We would rather die than surrender. 我们宁死而不投降。They surrendered to the enemy. 他们向敌人投降了。
surroundings [sK'raundiNz] n.周围的事物, 环境
survival [sK'vaivl] n.1.幸存, 继续生存2..幸存者, 残存物 【例】The miraculous survival of some people in the air crash was widely reported by the press. 空难事件中有些人大难不死被新闻界广泛报导。That fashion is a survival from the 1930s. 那种时装是三十年代的遗风。
survive [sK'vaiv] vi. 活下来, 幸存, 继续存在 vt. 1.从...逃出, 幸免于2.从(困境等)中挺过来3.比...活得长
suspend [sK'spend] vt. 1.暂停, 中止2.悬, 挂, 吊 【同】postpone; defer; discontinue 【例】The best of men cannot suspend their fate. The good die early, and the bad die late. 最好的人也无法推迟死亡:好人无长寿,坏人活百年。
suspicious [sK'spiSKs] a. 1.猜疑的, 疑心的2.可疑的3.(of)表示怀疑 【例】I'm a bit suspicious about the package that's been left in the corridor. 我对一直放在走廊里的那个包裹有些怀疑。His strange behavior made the police suspicious. 他不寻常的举止引起了警察的怀疑。If you see anything suspicious, inform the police at once. 你要是看到什么可疑的东西就马上通知警察。
sustain [sK'stein] vt. 1.保持, 使继续下去2.供养, 维持(生命等)3.支持, 支撑4.经受, 遭受 【同】bear; support; maintain 【例】The foundations were not strong enough to sustain the weight of the house. 这地基不够牢固,无法承受房屋的重量。Hope alone sustained him in his struggle. 在奋斗中,只有希望支持着他。
swamp [swOmp] n.沼泽 vt. 1.淹没, 浸没2.难到, 压倒 【例】The heavy rain has turned the small garden into a swamp. 大雨使这小花园变成了一块沼泽地。
swarm [swO:m] n.1.蜂群, 一大群2.[常pl.] (of)大量, 许多 vi. 1.密集, 云集, 挤满2.成群地飞行3.被挤满, 充满 【同】throng; pack; horde; heard; school 【例】Every place swarms with commentaries; of authors there is great scarcity. 评论充斥四处,作家供不应求。He has received a swarm of letters. 他已经收到了一大批信件。The crowd swarmed out of the cinema after the film ended. 电影结束后,人们从电影院蜂拥而出。
sway [swei] vi. 摇摆, 摇动 vt. 1.使摇摆, 使摇动2.使改变看法, 使支摇 n.1.摇摆, 摇动2.起支配作用的影响 【例】The branches of the trees were swaying in the wind. 树枝在风中摇晃。His power sways the world. 他称霸天下。
switch [switS] v. 转变, 改变, 转换 n.1.开关, 电闸2.转变, 改变
symbol ['simbl] n.1.符号, 标志2.象征 【例】The Cross is the symbol of Christianity. 十字架是基督教的象征。
sympathize ['simpKTaiz] (=sympathise) vi. 1.同情, 怜悯2.体谅, 赞同 【同】pity; show mercy; be kind to 【例】If all the people in the world should agree to sympathize with a certain man at a certain hour, they could not cure his headache. 即使全世界的人都同意在某一时刻同情某个人,也治不好他的头痛。I know you feel angry, and I sympathize. 我知道你感到愤怒,我也有同感。It's hard to sympathize with her political opinions. 她的政治观点很难使人赞同。
sympathy ['simpKTi] n.1.同情, 同情心2.(思想感情上的)支持, 赞同 【例】I felt much sympathy for the blind. 我对盲人深感同情。
symphony ['simfKni] n.1.交响乐, 交响曲2.(色彩等的)和谐, 协调 【例】The symphony orchestra will be coming. 交响乐团要来了。
symposium [sim'pKuziKm] n.1.讨论会, 专题报告会2.专题论文集
symptom ['simptKm] n.1.症状2.征候, 征兆 【同】sign; mark; token 【例】The first symptom of true love in a man is timidity, in a girl it is boldness. 真正的爱情首要的征候,在男子是胆怯,在女子是大胆。
synchronize ['siNkrKnaiz] (=synchronise) v.使同步, 使同时一致
syndrome ['sindrKum] n.1.综合病症, 综合症状2.(某种条件下有共同特征的)一系列表现(事件、举动等)
synthesis ['sinTKsis] n.1.综合2.合成 【同】integration; combination 【例】They produce rubber from petroleum by synthesis. 他们用合成法把石油制成橡胶。
synthetic [sin'Tetik] a. 1.合成的, 人造的2.虚假的 【例】This shelf was made of synthetic resin. 这个架子是合成树脂做的。
systematic [,sistK'm<tik] a. 有系统的, 系统化的 【例】The systematic arrangement of chairs makes the hall look spacious. 座椅按照顺序排列,这使得礼堂里显得很宽敞。He's very systematic in all he does. 他做一切事情都很有条理。
taboo [tK'bu:] adj. 讳忌的n. 禁忌
tackle ['t<kl] vt. 1.对付, 处理2.与...交涉3.(足球等比赛中)阻截, 擒抱 n.1.阻截, 擒抱2.用具, 钓具3.辘轳, 滑车(组) 【例】What's the best way to tackle this problem? 什么是解决这个问题的最好方法? Don't forget to bring your fishing tackle. 别忘了带上你的钓具。
tactics ['t<ktiks] n.策略;战术,兵法 【同】strategy; maneuvering; military art 【例】Never fight with the same enemy too often, or else he ill learn all your tactics. 与同一个敌人千万不要交战过频,否则敌人就会了解你的全部战术。
talkative ['tO:kKtiv] a. 喜欢说话的,饶舌的,多嘴的
tame [teim] a. 1.驯服的, 温顺的2.沉闷的, 乏味的 vt. 1.制服, 控制并利用2.驯化, 驯服 【例】She is too tame. 她太柔顺了。Many kinds of squirrels are easy to tame. 很多种类的松鼠都很容易驯养。
tan [t<n] vt. 1.使晒成棕褐色2.硝制(皮革) vi. 晒成棕褐色 n.1.棕褐色, 棕黄色2.晒成棕褐色, 晒黑 【例】It took me all summer to get this tan. 我花了整个夏天才晒出这样的棕褐色。Jane tanned quickly in the sun. 简在太阳下很快就晒黑了。
tank [t<Nk] n.1.油(或水)箱,罐,槽 2.坦克 【例】Is there any water left in the water tank? 水箱里还有水剩下吗?
tap [t<p] n. 1.塞子,龙头 2.轻叩,轻拍 3.窃听;vt.1. 轻叩,轻拍;2.利用,开发3. 窃听;vi.轻叩,轻拍 【同】strike; hit; penetrate; take advantage of 【例】She has been tapping a typewriter for two hours. 她打字已经两个小时了。That girl tapped her fingers on the desk impatiently. 那个女孩不耐烦地用手指轻扣桌面。My phone is being tapped. 有人在窃听我的电话。He cleaned his hands in the cold water from the tap. 他用自来水龙头流出的凉水把手洗干净。The taps are blowing. 熄灯号响了。
tar [tA:] n.柏油,焦油 vt.涂柏油于 【例】The road was covered with tar. 路上覆盖了柏油。I won't trust either of the two brothers; they are tarred with the same brush. 弟兄两个我谁也不相信,他们都是一路货色。
tease [ti:z] vt. 1.戏弄,取笑 2.挑逗,撩拨 n.(爱)戏弄他人者 【例】Don't take it seriously — he's only teasing. 别把它当真,他只不过是在开玩笑。She teased out the knots in her hair. 她耐心地用手指把缠结的头发理顺。He is a terrible tease. 他特别爱戏弄人。
technical ['teknikl] a.技术的,工艺的 【例】The flight was delayed owing to technical reasons. 这次飞行由于技术的原因而被推迟。This book is too technical for me. 对我来说,这本书太专业了。
technician [tek'niSn] n. 技术员,技师 【例】They need one laboratory technician. 他们需要一名实验室技术员。That technician is highly skilled. 那位技师技术很好。
tedious ['ti:diKs] a. 乏味的, 单调的, 冗长的 【同】boring; tiresome; wearisome 【例】Happy are the people whose annals are tedious. 历史平淡乏味的人民是幸福的。He is an exceedingly tedious fellow. 他是一个非常令人生厌的家伙。He told me a tedious story. 他给我讲了一个冗长乏味的故事。
teenager ['ti:neidZK] n.(13-19岁的)青少年 【例】It is not easy to educate teenagers. 教育青少年不是件容易的事。
telegraph ['teligrA:f] n.电报机;电报 【例】She went to the telegraph office in a hurry. 她匆匆忙忙向电报局去了。
temper ['tempK] n.1.脾气, 情绪2.韧度 vt. 1.调和, 使缓和2.使回火 【例】They are of congenial temper. 他们的性情相投。
tempo ['tempKu] n.1.(音乐的)速度2.节奏, 行进速度
temporary ['temprKri] a. 暂时的, 临时的 【同】transitory; transient; brief; momentary 【例】I抳e never been poor, only broke. Being poor is a frame of mind. Being broke is only a temporary situation. 我只是破产,从未贫穷。贫穷是心灵的一种状态,破产只是暂时的处境。The boss hired some temporary workers. 老板雇佣了一些临时工。
tempt [tempt] vt. 1.吸引, 引起…的兴趣2.引诱, 诱惑 【例】He was tempted into making a false step. 他被引诱做了一件傻事。
tenant ['tenKnt] n.房客, 佃户 【例】The tenant was evicted for non-payment of rent. 这个房客因为没有交房租而被赶出去了。
tend [tend] vi. 1.易于, 往往会2.趋向, 倾向 vt. 照管, 护理
tendency ['tendKnsi] n.趋向, 趋势 【同】aim; bent; trend 【例】The greater the wealth, the thicker will be the dirt. This undoubtedly describes a tendency of our time. 积财愈巨,积垢愈厚。这无疑描述了我们时代的一个趋势。She has artistic tendencies. 她有艺术气质。There is a growing tendency for people to work at home instead of in offices. 人们在家里而不是在办公室里工作的趋势日益增长。
tense [tens] a. 1.紧张的2.拉紧的, 绷紧的 v. (使)拉紧, (使)绷紧 n.(动词的)时态
tension ['tenSn] n.1.紧张, 紧张状态2.拉紧, 绷紧3.张力, 拉力 【同】force; tightness; stress; balance 【例】The world is all gates, all opportunities, strings of tension waiting to be struck. 世界处处是大门,处处是机会,有一系列的紧张局面等待打破。Tension mounted as we waited for the exam results to be published. 我们在等待公布考试结果时气氛越来越紧张。The signing of this agreement will help to reduce international tension. 这项协议的签订将有助于缓和国际紧张局 势。This wire will take 50 pounds tension before breaking. 这根金属线在断裂之前能承受五十磅的张力。
tentative ['tentKtiv] a. 试探(性)的, 试验(性)的 【同】experimental; on trial 【例】At the meeting, the manager only made some tentative proposals. 经理在会议上只提出了一项试探性的建议。
terminate ['tK:mineit] v. 停止, (使)终止 【同】eliminate; cancel; finish 【例】We terminated the contract. 我们终止了合同。The next train terminates here. 这是下一班火车的终点站。Your contract has been terminated. 你的合同已经被终止。
terrific [tK'rifik] a. 1.极妙的2.极大的 【同】immense; shocking; great 【例】She drive at a terrific speed. 她以极大的速度驱车飞驶。He is driving at a terrific speed. 他以极高的速度驾驶。The view was terrific. 景色美极了。
terrify ['terifai] vt. 使害怕, 使惊吓 【例】The little girl was terrified out of her wits. 这个小女孩吓得魂不附体。Rats terrify me. 老鼠使我害怕。It terrified me to contemplate the consequence of your action. 想到你行动的后果,我就感到害怕。
testify ['testifai] vi. 1.作证, 证明2.(to)表明, 说明 vt. 作证, 证明 【同】demonstrate; indicate; affirm; declare 【例】Statistics are like alienists —— they will testify for either side. 统计数字有如出庭的精神病学家——它们会为任何一方作证。He agreed to testify on behalf of the accused man. 他同意为被告作证。All kinds of human experience testify to the close link between love and fear. 人类的种种经验都证明了爱与怕之间的紧密联系。He testified that he had not seen the accident. 他作证说他没有看见那次事故。
testimony ['testimKni] n.1.证词2.见证, 证明 【同】evidence; assertion; declaration 【例】The psychiatrist gave testimony that the man was insane. 精神病科医生有证言说,那男人当时精神失常。Nothing could refute her testimony that the driver was drunk. 她关于那个司机已经喝醉的证词无可辩驳。Several men were called for testimony. 好几个人被传来作证。The witness is giving false testimony. 那个证人在作伪证。
textile ['tekstail] n.1.纺织品2.纺织业 a. 纺织的 【例】I got a job in a textile factory. 我在一家纺织厂找到一份工作。Their main exports are textiles, especially silk and cotton. 他们的主要出口货物是纺织品,特别是丝绸 和棉布。
theft [Teft] n.偷窃, 失窃 【例】The building has been insured against fire and theft. 这座大楼保了火险和失窃险。
theme [Ti:m] n.主题, 题目 【同】topic; argument; subject; issue; subject 【例】Great oratory needs not merely an orator, but a great them and a great occasion. 非凡的演说需要的不仅是演说家,还要有非凡的主题和非凡的场合。The theme for tonight's talk is education. 今天谈话的题目是教育。Many movies deal with commonplace themes. 许多电影的主题很平庸。
therapy ['TerKpi] n.治疗, 理疗 【例】She was in therapy. 她正在接受治疗。
thereafter [DEK'rA:ftK] ad. 之后, 以后 【例】You'll be accompanied as far as the border, thereafter you must find your own way. 有人送你到边境,然后你必须自己走了。
thereof [DEK'rOv] ad.它的,其;由此 【例】All citizens of the United Kingdom are ruled by the laws thereof. 英联盟的全体公民都受联盟法律的约束。
thermal ['TK:ml] a. 1.热的, 由热造成的2.保 暖的
thermometer [TK'mOmitK] n.温度计 【例】The thermometer reads 27 degrees. 温度计的读数是27度。
thesis ['Ti:sis] n.1.论文, 毕业(或学位)论文2.论题, 论点
thorn [TO:n] n.1.刺, 荆棘2.带小刺小灌木 【同】spine; point 【例】Every rose has its thorn you never find a woman without pins and needles. 朵朵玫瑰均有刺,女人无一不带针。He stepped on a sharp thorn. 他踩到一根尖刺。His sister is a thorn in his flesh. 他的妹妹使他伤透脑筋。
thoughtful ['TO:tfKl] a. 1.深思的, 思考的2.体贴的, 关心的 【同】understanding; kind; considerate 【例】The most thoughtful doctor I know holds a child’s tongue down with a lollipop when he has to look down a small throat. 我所知最体贴人的医生在需要查看孩子的小喉咙时,是用棒糖压舌头的。It was thoughtful of you to warn me of your arrival. 你来之前先通知我,真是考虑得很周到。Susan is in a thoughtful mood. 苏珊心事重重。This is a very thoughtful book. 这是一本很有思想性的书。
thoughtless ['TO:tlKs] a.欠考虑的;自私的 【例】It was thoughtless of you to forget your mother's birthday. 你太粗心了,居然连你妈妈的生日也忘了。
threat [Tret] n.1.威胁, 恐吓2.凶兆, 征兆 【例】The threat of an economic depression hangs over the world. 经济衰退的威胁笼罩着世界。There was a threat of typhoon. 有刮台风的征兆。His presence is a threat to our success. 他的出现对我们的成功是一个威胁。
threshold ['TreShKuld] n.1.门槛, 门口2.入门, 开端, 起始点 【同】entrance; door; origin 【例】Grave is but the threshold of eternity. 坟墓不过是进入永生的门槛。The cabin has a flat stone for a threshold. 这间小屋用一条扁平的石头做门槛。The treaty will be the threshold of lasting peace. 这个条约将成为持久和平的开端。The tax threshold for a single pensioner is 450 dollars. 单身养老金领取者的征税起点是450美元。
thrill [Tril] n.1.兴奋, 激动2.引起激动的事物 v. (使)非常兴奋, (使)非常激动 【同】excite; inspire 【例】Everybody who plays an instrument, even a little, understands music in a different way from somebody who has never felt the thrill of making music himself. 每个演奏乐器的人,哪怕是只会一点儿,理解音乐的方式都与从未感受过自己奏出音乐的激动的人不同。It's a sight that never fails to thrill me. 那是一种永远让我激动不已的景象。Such was the picture, and he thrilled to the memory of it. 当时正是这样的情景,他回想起来还感到毛骨悚然。She was thrilled when the handsome filmstar kissed her. 当那位英俊的电影明星吻她的时候,她欣喜若狂。
thrive [Traiv] vi. 兴旺, 繁荣 【同】flourish; prosper 【例】He that will thrive must rise at five. 想要兴旺发达,必须5点起床。A business cannot thrive without good management. 没有良好的经营管理,事业就不会兴旺发达。Few plants or animals thrive in the desert. 很少植物或动物能在沙漠中很好地生长。
thumb [TVm] n.拇指 v. 1.示意要求搭车2.(through)迅速翻阅 【例】When the play opened, the local press gave it the thumbs down. 这出戏公演时,当地报纸对它评价不佳。I feel my fingers are all thumbs today. 我觉得我今天笨手笨脚。He thumbed through the address book looking for the number. 他翻阅地址簿,寻找号码。
tidy ['taidi] a. 整洁的, 整齐的 v. (使)整洁, (使)整齐 【例】She keeps her house very tidy. 她保持她的住所整整齐齐。He has a tidy mind. 他的思维有条理。
tile [tail] n.瓦, 瓷砖 vt. 铺瓦于, 贴瓷砖于 【例】We have put tiles on the wall behind the bath. 我们在浴缸后的墙上贴了瓷砖。
tilt [tilt] v. (使)倾斜, (使)倾侧 n.倾斜, 倾侧 【例】The table top suddenly tilted and all the plates and glasses crashed onto the floor. 桌面突然翘起,所有的盘子和玻璃制品都滑落到地板上打碎了。
timber ['timbK] n.1.木材, 原木2.大木料, 栋木 【例】Seasoned timber does not warp. 经干燥处理的木材不会翘曲。
timely ['taimli] a. 及时的, 适时的 【例】Thanks to your timely intervention. 多亏你及时调停。This has been a timely reminder of the need for constant care. 这件事适时地提醒我们要注意时时谨慎。
timid ['timid] a. 羞怯的, 胆小的 【同】indecisive; cowardly 【例】A timid person is frightened before a danger; a coward during the time; and a courageous person afterward. 胆小鬼危险到来之前害怕,危险期间懦弱,危险过后勇敢。I wanted to take him fishing but I was too timid to ask him. 我曾想带他去钓鱼,但我不好意思对他开口。
tiresome ['taiKsKm] a. 令人疲劳的, 令人厌倦的 【例】His speech is really tiresome. 他的演讲实在令人厌倦。
toe [tKu] n.脚趾, 足尖(部) 【例】He stepped on my toes. 他踩着了我的脚趾头。Each foot has five toes. 每只脚有五个脚趾头。
tolerate ['tOlKreit] vt. 1.容许, 承认2.容忍, 忍受
tomb [tu:m] n.坟墓 【例】Those dead soldiers were buried in the tombs. 那些死去的战士被埋葬在坟墓里。A tombstone stands in front of her tomb. 她墓前立着一块墓碑。
torch [tO:tS] n.1.手电筒2.火炬, 火把 【例】He turned on the torch to look for his keys. 他打开了手电筒,寻找钥匙。
tortoise ['tO:tKs] n.龟,乌龟 【例】He bought two small tortoises for me. 他给我买了两只小乌龟。
torture ['tO:tSK] n./vt. 拷问, 折磨 【例】She suffered the tortures of toothaches. 她因牙痛而痛苦。He tortured his prisoners. 他拷打犯人。
tough [tVf] a. 1.困难的, 难对付的2.坚强的, 能吃苦耐劳的3.坚强的, 牢固的4.强硬的, 严格的5.(肉等食物)老的, 硬的6.粗暴的, 充满暴力的 【例】The company faces tough competition. 这家公司面临着艰难的竞争。We won the contract but only through a lot of tough negotiating. 我们赢得了合同,但是却经过了多次不屈不挠的谈判才达到目的。The support of a friend during a tough time could make the difference between success and failure. 在你困难的时候,朋友支持与否是成败的关键。How do they respond in these tough situations – can they be creative with their answers? 在这样严峻的情况下,他们如何回答问题--他们的答案会不会有创造力。
tourism ['tuKrizKm] n.旅游业
tow [tKu] vt./n. 拖, 拉, 牵引 【例】We have to tow that car to the nearest garage. 我们不得不把汽车拖到最近的修车厂。My car's broken down; will you give me a tow? 我的车抛锚了,能用你的车给我拖一拖吗?
trademark ['treidmA:k] n.1.商标, 牌号2.特征, 标记 【例】Have you noticed the trademark on the bottle? 你注意到瓶子上的商标了吗? Appearing briefly in his own films was a trademark of Alfred Hitchcock. 在自己的影片里短暂露面是阿尔弗雷德·希区柯克的特点。
tradition [trK'diSn] n.传统, 惯例 【例】In many countries young people still keep up the tradition that women will get married in a long white dress. 许多国家里,年轻人仍保持着妇女结婚时穿 白色长礼服的传统。The story is based mainly on tradition. 这故事主要来自传说。A country only depending on its tradition will neve become a powerful nation. 一个只依靠自己传统的国家将永远不能成为一个强大的国家。Because of the different culture and tradition, supporting the old is different from country to coutry. 因为不同的文化和传统,赡养老人的问题各国的做法各不相同。
tragic ['tr<dZik] a. 1.悲惨的, 可悲的2.悲剧(性)的 【例】The famous politician died in a tragic accident. 那位著名的政治家死于一场悲惨的意外事故。
trail [treil] vi. 1.拖, 下垂2.(比赛等中)输, 失败 vt. 跟踪, 追踪 n.1.小路, 小径2.痕迹, 足迹, 踪迹 【例】The dogs found the trail of the rabbit. 猎狗发现了兔子的踪迹。
trait [treit] n.特征, 特点, 特性
traitor ['treitK] n.叛徒,卖国贼 【例】He was surprised to discover that his best friend had turned traitor. 他惊讶地发现他最好的朋友竟成了叛徒。
tram [tr<m] n.有轨电车
tramp [tr<mp] n.1.流浪者2.长途跋涉, 徒步旅行3.沉重的脚步声 v. 踏着沉重的脚步走(过), 踩踏 【例】We missed the bus and met some tramps. 我们错过了公共汽车,因此不得不步行。We went for a tramp over the hill. 我们徒步翻过了山头
transaction [tr<n'z<kSn] n.交易, 业务 【同】deal; business 【例】The old idea of a good bargain was a transaction in which one man got the better of another. The new idea of a good contract is a transaction which is good for both parties. 旧观点认为好合同是一笔让一个人占了另一个人便宜的买卖。而新观点则认为好合同一笔对双方都有利的交易。Payments by cheque easily outnumbered cash transactions. 用支票付款在数量上大大超过现金交易。The transaction between them was dismissed. 他们之间的交易告吹了。They charge a fixed rate for each transaction. 他们对办理的每项业务收取一定的费用。
transfer ['tr<nsfK:] vt. 1.搬, 转移2.调动, 转学3.转让, 过户 vi. 1.迁移, 转移2.调动, 转学3.转车, 换乘 n.1.转移, 调动2.转车, 换乘 【同】transport; convey; shift; assign 【例】We have not lost faith, but we have transferred it from God to the medical profession. 我们并未失去信仰,只是把它由上帝转移到医学上来了。He was soon transferred to another post. 他很快被调职。He intends to transfer the property to his son. 他打算把财产转让给儿子。
transform [tr<ns'fO:m] vt. 1.使改观, 改革2.变换, 把...转换成 【同】change; alter; vary 【例】Marriage is the miracle that transforms a kiss from pleasure into a duty, and a life from a luxury into a necessity. 结婚是个奇迹,它把接吻从快乐化为义务,把生活从享乐化为必需。Success and wealth transformed his character. 成功和财富改变了他的性格。His plans were transformed overnight into reality. 他的计划迅速变为现实。The magician transformed the frog into a princess. 魔术师把青蛙变成了公主。
transformer [tr<ns'fO:mK] n.变压器,转换器
transient ['tr<nziKnt] a. 1.短暂的, 转瞬即逝的2.临时的, 暂住的 【同】temporary; short-lived 【例】Life is transient, while virtue is lasting. 人生如朝露,而道德却常驻。Her feeling of depression was transient. 她那抑郁的心情一会儿就过去了。
transition [tr<n'ziSn] n.过渡, 转变 【同】passing; shift 【例】He is experiencing the transition from childhood to adult life. 他处在青春发育期。We hope there will be a peaceful transition to the new system. 我们希望能够和平过渡到新的制度。
transmission [tr<nz'miSn] n.1.播送, 发射2.传送, 传递, 传染 【同】transference; conveyance; transport 【例】The transmission of the disease easily takes place in winter. 这种疾病的传播容易发生在冬天。We now interrupt our normal transmissions to bring you a special news flash. 我们现中断正常节目,播送一条特别新闻。
transmit [tr<nz'mit] vt. 1.播送, 发射2.传送, 传递, 传染 【例】The World Cup final is being transmitted live to over fifty countries. 世界杯决赛现在正向五十多个国家现场转播。The tension soon transmitted itself to all the members of the crowd. 这种紧张情绪很快感染了人群中所有的人。This infection is transmitted by mosquitoes. 这种传染病是由蚊子传染的。
transparent [tr<ns'p<rKnt] a. 1.透明的2.明显的, 清楚的 【同】lucid; crystalline; clear; obvious 【例】To speak ill of others is a dishonest way of praising ourselves; let us be above such transparent egotism. 说别人的坏话是赞扬自己的不正当方式。让我们超越这种明显的自大吧。Plain glass is transparent. 普通的白玻璃是透明的。The meaning of this passage seems quite transparent. 这一段的意思看来是相当清楚的。
transplant ['tr<nsplA:nt] vt. 1.移栽, 移种(植物等)2.移植(器官)3.使迁移, 使移居 n.(器官)移植 【同】utilizing an donated organ 【例】The operation of the transplant of his hearts is successful. 他的心脏移植手术成功了。He transplanted the seedlings into peaty soil. 他把幼苗移栽到含泥炭的土壤里。She had a bone-marrow transplant. 她接受了骨髓移植手术。
transport ['tr<nspO:t] vt. 运输, 运送 n.运输, 运输系统, 运输工具 【例】The transport of goods by air is very expensive. 空运货物费用十分昂贵。Wheat is transported from the farms to the mills. 把小麦从农场运到面粉厂。
tray [trei] n.盘, 托盘, 碟 【例】He put the toast on the breakfast tray. 他把烤面包片放到早餐托盘里。
treason ['tri:zn] n.叛国, 背叛, 叛逆 【例】They have committed treason against the state. 他们已犯了叛国罪。
treasurer ['treZKrK] n.司库,财务主管 【例】The company decided to appoint a new treasurer. 公司决定任命一位新司库。
tremendous [tri'mendKs] a. 1.巨大的, 极大的2.精彩的, 了不起的 【例】We got a tremendous surprise when she arrived. 她的到来使我们大吃一惊。The play became a tremendous hit. 这出戏极为轰动。He's a tremendous talker. 他是一个非常健谈的人。
trench [trentS] n.沟, 沟渠 【例】I forgot to dig a trench around the tent. 我忘了在帐篷四周挖一条沟。Grandfather was in the trenches during the First War. 在第一次世界大战中,我祖父驻守在法国北部前线。
triangle ['trai<Ngl] n.三角, 三角形 【例】The angles of a triangle total 180. 三角形的三角之和等于180°。
tribute ['tribju:t] n.1.颂词, 称赞, (表示敬意的)礼物2.贡品 【同】payment; memorial 【例】Complaint is the largest tribute Heaven receives, and the sincerest part of our devotions. 怨言是上天收到的数量最大的颂词,也是我们祷告中最由衷的部分。The musician gave full tribute to his former teacher. 这位音乐家盛赞了他过去的老师。Many Greek cities had to send yearly tribute to Athens. 许多希腊城市不得不每年向雅典进贡。
triple ['tripl] a. 1.三部分的, 三方的2.三倍的, 三重的 v. (使)增至三倍 【例】The plan has a triple purpose. 该计划有三个目的。He is a triple murderer. 他谋杀了三个人。
triumph ['traiKmf] n.1.胜利, 成功2.(胜利或成功的)喜悦 vi. 获胜, 得胜, 成功 【例】He gave a cry of triumph. 他得意地叫了起来。Justice triumphs in the end. 正义终将得胜。
triumphant [trai'VmfKnt] a.得胜的;得意洋洋的 【例】The victorious general made a triumphant return. 这位打了胜仗的将军凯旋而归。
trivial ['triviKl] a. 琐碎的, 不重要的 【同】petty; superficial; insignificant; shallow 【例】In important matters, we expose our best sides; in trivial matters, we disclose ourselves as we really are. 我们在重要的事件中显示自己最好的方面,在无关紧要的小事中露出自己的本来面目。Don't be angry over such trivial matters. 别为这些琐事生气。
trolley ['trOli] (=trolly) n.1.手推车, 台车2.无轨电车3.有轨电车 【例】These suitcases are too heavy to carry; we need a trolley. 这些衣箱太沉了,我们需要一辆小手推车。Cars and trolleys filled the streets. 汽车和电车塞满了整条街。
troublesome ['trVblsKm] a. 令人烦恼的, 讨厌的, 麻烦的 【例】This naughty boy is really troublesome. 这个淘气的男孩子真是惹人烦。
trousers ['trauzKz] n.裤子
trumpet ['trVmpit] n.喇叭, 小号 vt. 大声宣告, 鼓吹 【例】He played a tune on his trumpet. 他用小号吹奏了一首曲子。I'm not blowing my own trumpet, but I did all the top jobs. 我并不是自吹自擂,但所有的重要工作都是我干的。
tub [tVb] n.1.桶, 塑料杯, 纸杯2.盆, 洗澡盆, 浴缸 【例】It's time for my dip in the tub. 我该洗澡了。
tube [tju:b] n.1.管, 软管2.地铁3.电子管, 显像管 【例】She bought a tube of toothpaste. 她买了一管牙膏。Our television tube has broken. 我们的电视机显像管坏了。I go to work on the tube. 我经常乘地铁去上班。
tuck [tVk] vt. 1.把(衬衫、餐巾等)的边塞到下面(或里面)2.把...夹入, 把...藏入 n.(衣服等的)褶, 裥 【例】The baby's dress was beautifully tucked with tiny stitches. 婴儿衫的褶裥打得针脚细密,很漂亮。He tucked his shirt into his trousers. 他把衬衫下摆塞入裤中。He was asleep before I tucked him in. 我还没来得及给他盖好被子,他就睡着了。
tug [tVg] v. 用力拖(或拉) n.1.拖船2.猛拉, 牵引 【例】Tom felt a tug at his sleeve. 汤姆觉得有人拉了拉他的衣袖。She tried to tug my hand away. 她试图把我的手拉开。
tuition [tju:'iSn] n.1.(某一学科的)教学, 讲授, 指导2.学费
tumble ['tVmbl] vi. 1.跌倒, 摔下, 滚下2.翻滚3.(价格等)暴跌4.不由自主地卷入 n.跌倒, 摔倒 【例】She tumbled down the stairs. 她滚下了楼梯。The little girl stared at the little cats tumbling over each other in their basket. 小女孩凝视着在篮子里互相翻来滚去的小猫。
tune [tju:n] n.曲调, 曲子 vt. 1.为(乐器)调音2.调节, 调整 【例】He played a tune on the violin. 他用小提琴演奏了一首曲子。She calls the tune in their house. 他们家中她说了算。The orchestra tuned their instruments. 乐队在给乐器调音。
turbine ['tK:bain] n.涡轮机, 汽轮机
turbulent ['tK:bjulKnt] a. 1.动荡的, 混乱的2.汹涌的, 狂暴的 【同】violent; stormy; disturbed; noisy 【例】It took place in a turbulent period of history. 这件事发生在骚乱不安的历史时期。The sea is too turbulent for sailing. 海浪太大,不宜航行。She tried to calm her turbulent thoughts. 她试图平息一下紊乱的思绪。
turkey ['tK:ki] n.火鸡, 火鸡肉 【例】People often drink white wine with turkey. 人们经常边吃火鸡肉边喝白葡萄酒。
turning ['tK:niN] n.旋转;变向;转弯处
turnip ['tK:nip] n.萝卜,芜菁 【例】Would you like some turnip? 吃点芜菁吗?
turnover ['tK:nKuvK] n.1.营业额, 成交量2.人员调整, 人员更替率
typical ['tipikl] a. 典型的, 有代表性的 【同】characteristic; usual; illustrative 【例】He crushed the beetle deliberately which is very typical. 他有意把那只甲壳虫踏碎,只有他才会这样做。
typist ['taipist] n.打字员
ultraviolet [,VltrK'vaiKlKt] a. 紫外(线)的 【例】They use ultraviolet lamp to kill pests. 他们使用紫外线灯杀死害虫。
unanimous [ju'n<nimKs] a. 全体一致的, 一致同意的 【同】unified; combined; single 【例】The country is unanimous in support of the government’s policy. 全国一致支持政府的政策。Politicians from all parties were completely unanimous in condemning his action. 所有党派的政治家们都一致谴责他的行为。The committee were unanimous that the application should be turned down. 委员会一致同意拒绝这项申请。
unbearable [Vn'bEKrKbl] a.难堪的,忍受不了的 【例】The heat outside is unbearable. 外面的高温真让人难以忍受。He is unbearable when he's in a bad temper. 他发脾气时让人无法忍受。
uncertain [Vn'sK:tn] a.无常的;不确定的 【例】The uncertain weather delayed our departure. 天气变换莫测,延误了我们启程。I'm uncertain whether to go or not. 我不能肯定去还是不去。
uncertainty [Vn'sK:tnti] n. 不确定,不可靠,半信半疑 【例】The uncertainty is unbearable! 事情定不下来真让人难以忍受!  They lived in the uncertainty on the dole. 他们依靠救济金的生活不安定。
underestimate [,VndK'restimKt] vt. 对...估计不足, 低估 n.估计不足, 低估 【例】I underestimated the time we needed by 30%. 我把我们需要的时间低估了30%。Never underestimate your opponent. 千万不要低估对手。
undergo [,VndK'gKu] vt. 经历, 遭受 【同】sustain; experience; endure; withstand 【例】You cannot create experience, you must undergo it. 你不能创造经验,你必须经历它。This city underwent great changes. 这座城市经历了巨大的变化。She underwent a thorough examination at the hospital. 她在医院里接受了全面检查。I hope that I shall never again have to undergo such unpleasant experience. 我希望我永远不会再遭遇到这种不愉快的经历。
undergraduate [,VndK'gr<dZuKt] n.大学本科生 【例】He is a Harvard undergraduate. 他是哈佛大学的学生。
underline ['VndKlain] vt. 1.在...下面划线2.强调, 使突出 【同】mark a line under; emphasize 【例】To underline a poem word by word is the work of misguided schoolmaster. 在诗句下面逐字画线,那是拙劣的教师才干的事儿。Those words are underlined in the English book. 那本英语书中有些单词下画着线进行强调。Strikes by prison officers underline the need for reform in our gaols. 监狱工作人员罢工一事,突出地表明我们的 监狱制度需要改革。
underlying [,VndK'laiiN] a. 含蓄的, 潜在的
undermine [,VndK'main] vt. 1.暗中破坏, 逐渐削弱2.侵蚀...的基础 【同】dig; weaken; ruin 【例】Her health was undermined by the stress of her job. 工作压力使她健康受损。
underneath [,VndK'ni:T] prep. 在...下面, 在...底下 ad. 在下面, 在底下 n.下部, 底部 【同】mark; italicize 【例】The example sentences in this book were first underlined by a tick to tell the printer to print them in italics. 本书中例句起初用√在下面划线,以告字排员工人应用斜体排印。She was wearing a woolen coat, with a cotton blouse underneath. 她外面穿了一件毛外套,里面穿一件棉布衬衫。The underneath part felt damp. 底层很潮湿。The coin rolled underneath the piano. 硬币滚到钢琴的下面了。
undertake [,VndK'teik] vt. 1.承担, 着手做2.同意, 答应, 保证 【例】We could undertake the work for the time being. 我们可暂时担当这项工作。He undertook to finish the job by Friday. 他答应星期五之前完成这项工作。
undesirable [,Vndi'zaiKrKbl] a.不合需要的;讨厌的
undo [Vn'du:] vt. 1.解开, 松开2.取消, 撤销 【例】It's better for the doer to undo what he has done. 解铃还需系铃人。That mistake has undone all our good work. 那个过错使我们前功尽弃。Our folly has undone us. 我们的愚蠢行为将自己毁了。One of your buttons is undone. 你的一个扣子松开了。He was gone and left all the work undone to me. 他走了,把所有没做完的工作都留给了我。
uneasy [Vn'i:zi] a. 心神不安的, 担心的, 忧虑的 【同】unquiet; anxious; restless 【例】Fools are never uneasy. Stupidity is without anxiety. 愚人绝不会不安,愚蠢是没有忧虑的。I'm uneasy in my mind about the future. 我为前途而忧虑。They had an uneasy suspicion that all was not well. 他们有一种令人不安的猜疑,所有的事都不 太妙。
unexpected [,Vnik'spektid] a. 想不到的, 意外的 【同】surprising; sudden; all at once 【例】If one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams and endeavors to live the life he imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours. 一个人如果充满信心地向梦想的方向前进,努力实践所想象的生活,他就会迎来平常想不到的成功。The unexpected guest disordered his plans. 这位不速之客打乱了他的计划。
unfortunately [Vn'fO:tSKnKtli] ad. 遗憾的是, 可惜的是 【例】Unfortunately, I hurt my knee when I fell down on the ice. 真不幸,我在冰上摔倒时摔伤了膝盖。
unique [ju:'ni:k] a. 1.唯一的, 独特的, 独一无二的2.极不寻常的, 极好的 【同】peerless; matchless; unprecedented 【例】Originality is the unique way of thinking, observing, understanding and judging. 独创性就是特有的思考、观察、理解和判断的方法。It's a unique work of art. 这是独一无二的艺术作品。He's caught the unique opportunity. 他抓住了那唯一的机会。
universal [,ju:ni'vK:sl] a. 1.普遍的, 全体的2.通用的, 万能的3.宇宙的, 全世界的 【同】cosmical; global; comprehensive; general 【例】Music is the universal language. 音乐是全世界的语言。Television provides universal entertainment. 电视提供大众化的娱乐。Overpopulation is a universal problem. 人口过多是全球性的问题。
universe ['ju:nivK:s] n.1.宇宙, 万物, 世界2.领域, 范围 【例】The Earth is only one of the numerous planets in the universe. 地球只是宇宙中众多星球中的一个。
unjust [Vn'dZVst] a.非正义的;不公平的 【例】He said that the people's accusation was unjust. 他说人们的指控是不公正的。
unkind [Vn'kaind] a.不仁慈的,不和善的 【例】Don't be so unkind to your brother. 别对你兄弟这么刻薄。
unlike [,Vn'laik] prep. 不像, 和...不同 【例】Unlike my sister, I am a terrible cook. 和我妹妹不同,我是一个糟糕的厨师。Unlike his brother, he has a good sense of humor. 和他兄弟不同,他有种幽默感。
unlimited [Vn'limitid] a.无限的;不定的 【例】If only one had an unlimited supply of money! 要是财源不断就好了!  It's unlimited to drive cars at high speed in country. 在乡村开快车没有限制。
unlock [Vn'lOk] vt.开门,箱等 【例】Scientists have unlocked the secret of the atom. 科学家已经揭开了原子的秘密。I unlocked the door and went into the room. 我打开房门,然后走进屋里。
unpaid [Vn'peid] a.未付的;不支薪水的
untie [Vn'tai] vt.解开,松开;解放 【例】Untie me from the chair. 把我从椅子上解开。I tried to untie the string but failed. 我试图解开绳子,但没有成功。
unusual [Vn'ju:ZuKl] a. 1.不平常的, 少有的2.与众不同的, 独特的 【同】exceptional; odd; strange 【例】It requires a very unusual mind to undertake the analysis. 分析显而易见的事物需要极不寻常的头脑。Snow is an unusual sight in this warm place. 下雪在这个温暖的地方是一种罕见的景象。
update [,Vp'deit] vt. 更新, 使现代化 n.最新信息 【例】The data should be updated once a week. 这些数据应该每星期更新一次。
upgrade ['Vpgreid] vt. 提升, 使升级 n.向上的斜坡
uphold [,Vp'hKuld] vt. 支持, 维护 【同】support; maintain; confirm; sustain 【例】I upheld him in his policy. 我支持他的政策。The President swore to uphold the constitution. 总统宣誓维护宪法。The judge upheld the lower court's decision. 法官维持初级法院的判决。
upright ['Vprait] a. 1.直立的, 竖立的, 垂直的2.正直的, 诚实的 ad. 挺直着, 竖立着 【例】Several columns among the ruins still stood upright. 在废墟中依然挺立着几根柱子。
uproar ['VprO:] n.吵闹, 喧嚣, 骚乱 【例】There was uproar over the tax increase. 增税引起了一片怨声。His motion threw the meeting into an uproar. 他的建议在会上引起了一片吵嚷。
upset ['Vpset] vt. 1.使心烦意乱, 使苦恼, 使不适2.打乱, 搅乱3.打翻, 弄翻 n.1.翻倒, 搅乱, 不安2.(肠胃等)不适 a. 1.心烦的, 苦恼的2.(肠胃等)不适的 【例】I'm always upset when I don't get any mail. 我接不到任何邮件时总是心烦意乱。The news quite upset him. 这消息使他心烦意乱。He upset a bottle of ink. 他打翻了一瓶墨水。He has an upset stomach. 他胃不舒服。
upside-down [,Vpsaid'daun] a.颠倒的,乱七八糟的 【例】The classroom was turned upside-down. 教室被弄得乱七八糟。
up-to-date [,Vp-tK-'deit] a. 1.现代化的, 最新的2.跟上时代的【例】With regard to parents, those who are traditional must keep themselves up-to-date or learn to see things the way their children do, and those who always bury themselves in work must spend some time every day with their chirdren enjoying the warmth created through exchangeds of ideas in a free atmosphere. 对于比较传统的父母亲来说,他们必须使自己跟上形势或学会从孩子的角度看问题;对于整日忙于工作的父母来说,他们必须每天抽出时间来和孩子在自由的气氛中交流,享受由此带来的温软。
urban ['K:bKn] a. 城市的 【例】You can find out many advantages in urban life. 你会发现都市生活中有许多便利之处。
urgent ['K:dZKnt] a. 急迫的, 紧要的【例】Telephone is vey convenient especially when we have something urgent.电话是非常方便的,尤其当我们有紧急事情时。Another example is more vivid: You have something urgent which has to be informed to your friend whose house is two hour’s ride away. 另外一个列子更加生动形象:如果你有急事要通知你的朋友,而它家距你家有两个小时的路程。
usage ['ju:sidZ] n.1.使用, 用法2.惯用法 【例】The tractor had been damaged by rough usage. 这辆拖拉机因使用不经心而损坏了。Languages develop continually through usage. 语言在使用中不断发展。
utility [ju:'tiliti] n.1.功用, 效用2.[常pl.] 公用事业 【同】use; service; convenience; business 【例】Nothing can have value without being an object of utility. 没有用的东西不可能有价值。Their research project has limited practical utility. 他们的研究项目实用价值很有限。
utilization [,ju:tilai'zeiSn] n.利用,效用
utmost ['VtmKust] a. 极度的, 最大的 n.极限, 极度, 最大可能 【同】ultimate; chief; highest; maximum 【例】The utmost shame is to lose one’s soul. 一个人最大的耻辱是丧失灵魂。This is not an issue of the utmost importance. 这不是一个很重要的问题。She does her utmost to please her parents. 她竭尽全力使父母高兴。She did her utmost to give pleasure to her parents. 她竭尽全力使父母高兴。She showed the utmost reluctance. 她显得极其勉强。This is an issue of the utmost importance. 这是一个极为重要的问题。
vacant ['veikKnt] a. 1.未被占用的, 空着的2.(职位、工作等)空缺的3.(神情等)茫然的, (心灵)空虚的 【同】void; empty; unoccupied; unintelligent 【例】Absence of occupation is not rest, a mind quite vacant is a mind distressed. 无所事事并非休息,完全空虚的头脑是不幸的。If that room is vacant, we can practice there. 如果那个房间空着,我们可以在那练习。He does not know what to do with his vacant time. 他不知道空闲时间该干点什么。
vacuum ['v<kjuKm] n.1.真空2.真空吸尘器 v. 用吸尘器清扫 【例】His wife's death left him a vacuum in his life. 他妻子的去世使他的生活变得空虚。
vague [veig] a. 含糊的, 不明确的, 模糊的 【同】opaque; unclear; ambiguous 【例】A good holiday is one spent among people whose notions of time are vaguer than yours. 一个满意的假期就是和时间概念比你的还模糊的人在一起度假。Our holiday plans are rather vague. 我们的度假计划还没有明确。I haven't the vaguest idea who he is. 我一点儿都不知道他是谁。She is so vague that I can never understand what she is trying to say. 她说话含含糊糊,我怎么也听不明白她想说些什么。
valid ['v<lid] a. 1.有根据的, 有理的2.有效的, 具有法律效力的 【同】genuine; sound; logical; solid; true 【例】I cannot prove scientifically that truth must be conceived as a truth that is valid independent of humanity; but I believe it firmly. 我无法科学地证明真理必须被视为不依赖于人类而成立的真理,不过我坚定地相信这点。The marriage was held to be valid. 这一婚姻关系是有效的。A credit card is not a valid proof of identity. 银行发的支票保付卡不是有效的身份证明文件。
validity [vK'liditi] n.有效,效力;正确
valve [v<lv] n.1.阀, 活门2.(心脏的)瓣膜, (管乐器的)活瓣 【例】Have you turned off the water valve? 你关掉水阀了吗?
van [v<n] n.运货车, (载客的)面包车 【例】He brought three people to the party in his van. 他用客货车载了三个人来参加聚会。
vanish ['v<niS] vi. 1.突然不见, 消失2.不复存在, 绝迹 【例】Many types of animals have now vanished from the earth. 很多种类的动物现在已经从地球上绝迹了。After the alien spacecraft had hovered over the park for a short time, it vanished. 那只外星来的宇宙飞船在公园上空盘旋了一会儿之后就不见了。
vanity ['v<niti] n.1.自负, 自大, 虚荣2.空虚, 无用, 无价值 【同】pride; arrogance 【例】Vanity is the quicksand of reason. 虚荣心是吞噬理智的流沙。She married the rich man out of vanity. 她出于虚荣心而嫁给了那个富人。
vapour ['veipK] n.(蒸)汽 【例】A cloud is a mass of vapour in the sky. 云是天空中的水汽团。Water can be changed into vapour when heated. 水被加热时,可以变成水蒸汽。
variable ['vEKriKbl] a. 1.易变的, 多变的2.可变的 n.可变因素, 变量 【例】Winds are mainly light and variable. 风力较弱,风向多变。His mood is variable. 他的情绪多变。The temperature was a variable in the experiment. 在该实验中温度是个变量。
variation [,vEKri'eiSn] n.1.变化, 变动2.变体, 变种3.变秦(曲) 【例】Prices have not shown much variation this year. 今年物价没显出多大变化。The dial records showed a very slight variation in pressure. 刻度盘显示出压力有极微小的变化。
vary ['vEKri] vi. 变化, 有不同, 呈差异 vt. 改变, 使不同 【例】The size of the apples varied. 那些苹果大小不同。She varied her dress as fashion changes. 她的衣着随着潮流而变化。
vegetarian [,vedZi'tEKriKn] n. 素食者
vegetation [,vedZi'teiSn] n.植物, 草木 【例】The colorful vegetation of this tropical forest amazed the professor. 这片热带森林色彩纷呈的植被使教授惊讶。
velocity [vi'lOsKti] n.速度, 速率 【同】quickness; swiftness; rapidity; speed 【例】Gazelles can move with astonishing velocity. 羚羊跑起来有地速度惊人。Gazelles can move with astonishing velocity. 羚羊跑起来速度惊人。The car was moving at such a velocity! 那辆汽车的速度简直太快了!
velvet ['velvit] n.天鹅绒, 丝绒 【例】This velvet dress is very beautiful. 这件天鹅绒礼服非常美丽。
ventilate ['ventileit] vt. 1.使通风2.把…公开, 公开讨论 【同】freshen; air; cool; oxygenate 【例】My office is well-ventilated. 我的办公室通风良好。My office is well ventilated. 我的办公室通风良好。They are ventilating the sap of a coal mine. 他们正在使煤矿坑道通风。
venture ['ventSK] n.风险投资, (商业等的)风险项目 vi. 冒险, 大胆行事 vt. 1.敢于, 大胆表示2.拿…冒险, , 冒…的险 【同】adventure; risk; hazard 【例】Nothing ventures, nothing have. 不冒险就没收获。He ventured his life to save a little girl from drowning. 他冒生命危险救起了一个小女孩,使她免于淹死。He chose a book at a venture from the shelves. 他从书架上随便挑了一本书。
verbal ['vK:bl] a. 1.口头的2.用言辞的, 用文字的3.动词的 【同】oral; spoken; colloquial 【例】His verbal ability is beyond description. 他的口头能力无法形容。The teacher teaches us the verbal skills. 老师告诉我们使用言辞的技巧。I am making a verbal translation. 我正在逐字的翻译。
verdict ['vK:dikt] n.1.定2.定论, 判断性意见 【例】The jury announced their verdict. 陪审团做出了裁决。They have had the verdict of the electors. 他们已经知道了选举人的决定。
verify ['verifai] vt. 1.核实, 查对2.证明, 证实 【同】establish; authenticate; prove; check 【例】With the past, as past, I have nothing to do; nor with the future. I live now, and will verify all past history in my own moments. 我与作为过去的过去毫无牵连,与作为未来的未来亦无关系。我生活在现在,我将在自己的生涯中验证整个过去的历史。The computer verified whether the data was loaded correctly. 计算机查实数据输入是否正确。The truth verified the allegations. 事实证明了这些说法。
versatile ['vK:sKtail] a. 1.多才式艺的, 有多种技能的2.有多种用途的, 多功能的, 万用的 【同】skillful; knowledgeable 【例】What a versatile musician he is! 他是多么有才华的音乐家啊!
verse [vK:s] n.诗, 诗句 【例】This play was written in verse. 这个剧本是用诗体写成的。There are four verses in each poem. 每首诗有四个诗节。
version ['vK:Sn] n.1.版本, 译本2.说法 【同】translation; account 【例】The two newspapers gave different versions of what happened. 两家报纸对发生的事说法不一。The book was translated into many versions and sold all over the world. 这本书被翻译成多种译文并行销全球。This shirt is a cheaper version of the one I saw in that shop. 这件衬衫同我在那家商店里见到的几乎一样,但它是便宜货。
versus ['vK:sKs] prep. 1.以…为对手, 对2.与…相对, 与…相比之下
vertical ['vK:tikl] a. 垂直的, 竖的, 纵向的 【例】The northern face of the mountain is almost vertical. 这座山向北的一面几乎是垂直的。
vest [vest] n.背心, 马甲(无袖的)防护衣 vt. (in )授予, 赋于, 给予(权力, 财产等) 【例】He only wears a vest in the room. 他在家里只穿了一件背心。The constitution vests the president with the power to declare war. 宪法授予总统宣战权。
veteran ['vetKrKn] n.1.老兵2.经验丰富的, 老手 【例】His grandfather was a veteran of the World War II. 他的祖父是二战时的老兵。This washing machine is really a veteran. 这台洗衣机真是老古董了。
veto ['vi:tKu] vt./n. 否决 【例】Japan exercised her veto to block the resolution. 日本使用了否决权反对该项决议。They carried the ministerial veto. 他们行使了内阁否决权。The president last week vetoed the tax cut. 总统上个星期否决了减税法案。
via ['vaiK] prep. 经由, 经过, 通过 【例】We shall go from London to Washington via New York. 我们将从伦敦经过纽约到华盛顿。I can send him a note via the internal mail system. 我可以通过内部通信系统给他发个通知。
vibrate [vai'breit] v. (使)振动, (使)摇摆 【例】The whole house vibrates whenever a heavy lorry passes. 重型卡车一经过,整所房子都震动起来。His voice vibrated with passion. 他激动得声音发颤。
vice [vais] n.1.缺点, 弱点2.邪恶(行为), 道德败坏(行为) 【同】corruption; wickedness; evil 【例】It has ever been my experience that folks who have no vices have very few virtues. 我一向的经验是,全无缺点的人也几乎没有优点。Drunkenness is his sole vice. 酗酒是他唯一的恶习。
vicinity [vi'siniti] n.周围地区, 临近地区 【同】nearness; neighborhood; environment 【例】A kind heart is a fountain of gladness, making everything in its vicinity freshen into smiles. 善良的心是快乐的源泉,使近旁的一切都绽开笑容。All the ships in the vicinity of the crash joined in the search for survivors. 撞船事故发生地区的所有船只都参加了搜寻幸存者的工作。
vicious ['viSKs] a. 1.恶毒的, 凶残的2.剧烈的, 严重的 【例】He gave the dog a vicious blow with his stick. 他用手杖恶狠狠地打了那条狗一顿。He led a vicious life. 他过着一种堕落的生活。
victim ['viktim] n.牺牲品, 受害者 【同】suffer; sacrifice 【例】Men who do not make advances to women are apt to become victims to women who make advances to them. 不追逐女人的男人容易成为追逐他们的女人的牺牲品。He fell a victim to the dagger of the assassin. 他死于刺客的匕首之下。
victorious [vik'tO:riKs] a.胜利的,得胜的 【例】It was a happy day when our football team was victorious. 我们很高兴,我们的足球队获得了胜利。
vigorous ['vigKrKs] a. 1.有力的, 用力的2.精力充沛的 【同】energetic; lively; active 【例】Listening is not merely not talking, though even that is beyond most of our powers; it means taking a vigorous, human interest in what is being told us. 倾听不仅是不说话,尽管连这一点我们也很难做到;倾听意味着对讲给我们的话有强烈的、出于本性的兴趣。These corn plants are very vigorous. 这些玉米秧正茁壮生长。People pay more attention to the nutrition of the food and they also care if it can make them vigorous and graceful at the sme time. 人们更加关注食物的营养,关心它是否能使我们精力充沛、优雅端庄。Young people are energetic and vigorous. 年青人精力旺盛。
vinegar ['vinigK] n.醋 【例】He put some vinegar in the noodles. 他在面条里放了些醋。
violate ['vaiKleit] vt. 1.违反, 违背2.亵渎3.侵犯, 妨碍 【同】break the rules; breach; disturb 【例】Never deceive or violate the truth, even if you are fighting for the emperor throne. 绝不可斯骗或违背真理,即使是在争夺王位的时候也罢。The country violated the international agreement. 这个国家违反了国际协议。
violent ['vaiKlKnt] a. 1.暴力引起的, 强暴的2.猛烈的, 剧烈的, 强烈的 【例】She was in violent temper. 她暴跳如雷。Tornadoes are violent whirlwinds which vary in their width from a few yards to 1300 feet. 龙卷风是一种猛烈的旋风,其直径从几码到1,300 英尺。
violet ['vaiKlKt] n.紫罗兰 a. 紫色的 【例】She planted some violets in the garden. 她在花园里种了一些紫罗兰。
virgin ['vK:dZin] n.处女, 未婚女子 a. 1.未经开发的, 未经使用的, 未经接触的2.处女的 【例】She remained a virgin all her life. 她终生未婚。This is the virgin voyage of the ship. 这是这艘船的处女航。
virtual ['vK:tSuKl] a. 实质上的, 事实上的, 实际上的 【例】Our deputy manager is the virtual head of the business. 我们的副经理是公司的实际负责人。A virtual state of war exists between the two countries. 这两国间实际上处于战争状态。
virus ['vaiKrKs] n.1.病毒2.病毒性疾病, 病毒的 【例】We should be watchful of computer viruses. 我们应该警惕计算机病毒。
vision ['viZn] n.1.想象(力), 幻想, 幻觉2..视力, 视觉 【例】I've had my eyes tested and the report says that my vision is perfect. 我的眼睛检查过了,检查报告说我的视力非常好。We need someone with real vision to lead the party. 我们需要具有真知灼见的人来领导这个党。
vital ['vaitl] a. 1.生死悠关的, 极其重要的2.有生命的, 充满生机的 【同】necessary; vigorous; requisite 【例】Boredom is a vital problem for the moralist, since at least half the sins of mankind are caused by fear of it. 无聊对于道德家是个重大的问题,因为人类的恶习至少有一半由对它的害怕引起。This point is vital to my argument. 这一点对我的论据极为重要。It is vital that we move quickly. 我们必须快速离开。The leader's vital and cheerful manner filled his men with courage. 指挥官朝气蓬勃和欢欣愉悦的神态使士兵们勇气倍增。
vivid ['vivid] a. 1.生动的, 栩栩如生的2.鲜艳的 【同】distinct; vigorous; lifelike 【例】In one way books give us an even more vivid idea than the actual reality, just as reflections are often more beautiful than real nature. 在一定意义上,书籍给予我们的观念比真切的现实更生动,正如映像往往比真正的风景更美丽。This girl gave a vivid description of the event. 那女孩对这件事作了一番生动的描述。My daughter is a child with vivid imagination. 我女儿是一个想象力活跃的孩子。The dark room was momentarily lit up by a vivid flash of lightning. 那黑洞洞的房间顿时被强烈的闪电照亮了。The main reason that everyone can see is that television presents a vivid world in front of us. The development of literature is a very vivid illustration. 每个人都能看到的主要原因是,电视在我们面前展现了一个生动形象的世界。Watching it is far more vivid and stimulating than reading about the same thing in a newspaper. 观看这个节目远比读报纸上的同类新闻生动并刺激得多
vocabulary [vK'k<bjulKri] n.1.词汇(量)2.词(汇)表 【例】You can look up this word in the vocabulary. 你可以在词汇表里查这个词。He has an extensive vocabulary. 他词汇很丰富。
vocation [vKu'keiSn] n.职业,行业 【同】profession; employment 【例】To have the courage to seek truth is everyone’s vocation. 勇于追求真理是人的天职。Nursing is a vocation as well as a profession. 护理工作既是职业又是救死扶伤的责任。He has little vocation for teaching. 他不是教书的材料。
void [vOid] a. 1.无效的2.没有的, 缺乏的 n.1.空虚感, 寂寞感2.真空, 空白 vt. 使无效 【同】barren; sterile; fruitless; ;vain 【例】Chance is a word void of sense; nothing can exist without a cause. 机会是个没有意义的词,任何事物的存在都有其原因。That part of the town is completely void of interest for visitors. 城镇的那部分对游客完全没有吸引力。The check was marked void. 这张支票已经盖章无效了。The child's death left a painful void in his parents' lives. 孩子的死给父母的生活留下了痛苦的空白。
volt [vKult] n.伏(特)
voltage ['vKultidZ] n.电压
volume ['vOljum] n.1.卷, 册, 书卷2.体积, 容积, 容量3.音量, 响度 【例】The television is too loud; turn the volume down. 电视声音太响了,把音量调低点儿。The volume of this container is 20 cubic meters. 这个集装箱的体积是20立方米。
voluntary ['vOlKntri] a. 自愿的, 志愿的 【例】Many social services are still provided by voluntary societies in our city. 在我们的城市,许多社会服务仍然是有志愿团体提供的。He made a voluntary statement to the police. 他自愿为警方作供。
volunteer [,vOlKn'tiK] n.1.志愿者2.志愿兵 vt. 1.自愿 (做)2.自愿提供 vi. 自愿, 志愿兵 【例】Can I have a volunteer to wash the dishes? 谁自愿来帮忙收拾一下这些盘子?The soldier volunteered for guard duty. 那个战士自告奋勇去站岗。He volunteered a statement to the police. 他自动向警方供出情况。
vowel ['vauKl] n.元音;元音字母 【例】The vowels in the English alphabet are a,e,i,o,u, and, sometimes, y. 英语的元音字母有a,e,i,o,u,有时也包括y。
voyage ['vOiidZ] n./vi. 航海, 航行, 旅行 【例】She went on a long sea voyage. 她乘船在海上长途旅行。They planned to voyage across the Pacific Ocean. 他们计划做穿越太平洋的旅行。
waitress ['weitris] n.女侍者,女服务员 【例】She is a waitress in a restaurant. 她是饭店的女服务员。
waken ['weikKn] vi. 醒来 vt. 唤醒 【例】I was wakened by the telephone. 我被电话铃吵醒了。
wallet ['wOlit] n.皮夹子 【例】My wallet was stolen last Saturday. 上周六我的钱包被偷了。
ward [wO:d] n.1.病房2.(城市的)区3.受监护的人 【例】The patient lay quietly on his bed in the medical ward. 病人安静地躺在内科病房的床上。
warehouse ['wEKhaus] n.仓库, 货栈 【例】They stored their goods in a warehouse. 他们把货物储存在一个仓库里。
warning ['wO:niN] n.警告,告诫,鉴诫
warrant ['wOrKnt] n.1.授权令2.(正当)理由, 根据 vt. 证明...是正当(或有理)的 【同】assure; guarantee; justify 【例】I am unable to find any warrant for the belief that any period has offered men the kind of peace and certainty that the modern age is clamoring for. 关于有什么时期向人们提供过现代所要求的那种和平与把握的信念,我找不到任何根据。You shouldn't arrest him without warrant. 你不能毫无根据地逮捕他。The police obtained a search warrant for his house. 警察拿到了搜查他家的搜查证。The law warrants this procedure. 这一程序是法律批准的。That does not warrant you in doing so. 那并不表明你有理由这样做。
waterfall ['wO:tKfOl] n.瀑布 【例】They took many pictures of the waterfall yesterday. 昨天他们拍了许多瀑布的照片。
waterproof ['wO:tKpru:f] a. 不透水的, 防水的 【例】These are waterproof fabrics. 这些是防水面料。I bought a waterproof watch. 我买了一块防水表。
watt [wOt] n.瓦(特) 【例】The lamp needs a 100-watt bulb. 那盏灯需要100瓦的灯泡。
wavelength ['weivleNT] n.波长
wax [w<ks] n.蜡, 蜂蜡 vt. 给...上蜡 【例】The moon waxes and wanes every month. 月亮每个月都有盈亏。He lit up a wax candle. 他点燃了一支蜡烛。
wealthy ['welTi] a. 富裕的 【例】He was born in a wealthy family. 他出生在一个富裕的家庭。This area is wealthy in fruits and flowers. 这个地区盛产水果和鲜花。
weave [wi:v] v. 织, 编 【例】I wove a garland of flowers. 我编了一个花环。The driver was weaving his way through the traffic. 司机在车辆和人流中曲折前进。Spiders weave webs. 蜘蛛结网。
web [web] n.1.(蜘蛛等的)网2.网络, 错综复杂的事物
wedge [wedZ] n.楔(子) vt. 把...楔牢, 塞入 【例】He cut the cake into pieces and gave each of us a wedge. 他把蛋糕切成块,给我们每人分了一块。I was so tightly wedged between two fat women that it was difficult for me to get up and leave the bus. 我被两个肥胖的女人紧紧地挤在中间,以致于要站起来下公共汽车都很难。
weekday ['wi:kdei] n.平常日, 工作日 【例】I don't stay out late on weekdays. 工作日的时候我不在外面呆得很晚。
weld [weld] v. 焊接 n.焊接, 焊缝 【例】The car has had a new wing welded on. 这辆汽车焊接了一个新的翼子板。
welfare ['welfEK] n.1.福利2.福利救济 【同】health; happiness 【例】When one works for public welfare in all his endeavors, he is just. 当一个人在一切活动中都以公众福利为目的时,他就是正义的。The government decided to promote public welfare. 政府决定发展公共福利。
westward ['westwKd] a.向西的 ad.向西 【例】We'd better go in the westward direction. 我们最好向西走。They went westward. 他们向西走了。
whichever [witS'evK] pron./a. 无论哪个, 无论哪些 【例】Take whichever hat suits you best. 找个最适合你戴的帽子。Whichever you buy, there is a six-month guarantee. 不论买哪个都有六个月保质期。It takes three hours, whichever route you take. 不论走那条路都要三个小时。
whirl [wK:l] vi. 1.旋转, 急转2.发晕, (感觉等)变混乱 n.1.旋转, 急转2.混乱, 接连不断的活动 【例】The wind whirled the dead leaves about. 风吹得枯叶在四处回旋。His head whirled. 他头昏了。He can't adjust himself to the whirl of modern life in this big city. 他无法适应这个大都市的现代生活的忙碌。
whitewash ['waitwOS] n.石灰水 vt.粉饰 【例】The opposition dismissed the report as a whitewash. 反对党认为这份报告过于修饰而不予理会。I'll have my little house whitewashed tomorrow. 明天我找人用石灰水粉刷一下小屋。
whoever [hu'evK] pron. (引导名词从句)谁2.无论谁, 不管谁3.究竟是谁 【例】Whoever told you that was lying. 谁对你说这话,谁就在说谎。Whoever can that be at the door? 在门口的究竟是谁呢?
wholesome ['hKulsKm] a. 1.有益于健康的, 增进健康的2.有益于身心健康的, 有益的 【例】In order to maintain physical well being, a person should eat wholesome food and get sufficient exercise. 为了维持身体健康,一个人应该吃有益健康 的食品,并经常锻炼身体。It wouldn't be wholesome for you to go there. 你去那儿恐怕不安全。
widespread ['waidspred] a. 分布(或散布)广的, 普遍的 【例】The forests are widespread in our country. 我们的国家森林分布很广。
widow ['widKu] n.寡妇 【例】That widow is a kind person. 那个寡妇是个善良的人。
winding ['windiN] adj.弯曲的,蜿蜒的
withdraw [wiD'drO:] vt. 收回, 撤销, 撤退 vi. 缩回, 退出, 撤退 【例】The troops have been withdrawn from the danger area. 部队已经撤出危险地带。He withdrew his horse from the race. 他让他的马退出了比赛。
withhold [wiD'hKuld] vt. 1.拒绝, 不给2.控制, 制止 【例】I withheld payment until they had fulfilled the contract. 他们履行合同后,我才付钱。
withstand [wiD'st<nd] vt. 经受, 承受, 抵住 【同】face; confront; oppose; resist 【例】No government can possibly withstand the bloodless opposition of a whole nation. 任何政府都无法抵挡全民的不流血反抗。Children's furniture must withstand kicks and blows. 孩子用的家具必须经得起拳打脚踢。This dress material will withstand repeated washing. 这种衣料经得住反复洗涤。
witty ['witi] a.机智的;风趣的 【例】His witty remark caused a storm of laughter. 他的妙语引起一阵哄堂大笑。
woollen ['wulKn] a.羊毛制的,毛线的
workshop ['wK:kSOp] n.1.车间, 工场, 作坊2.研讨会, 讲习班 【例】We'll have a poetry workshop. 我们将开个诗歌研习会。She is studying in a theatre workshop. 她正在戏剧研讨班学习。There are more than fifty workers in this workshop. 这个车间里有五十多个工人。
worship ['wK:Sip] vt./n. 1.崇拜, 崇敬2.敬奉, 信奉 【同】esteem; honor; admire 【例】No one can worship God or love his neighbor on an empty stomach. 谁都不能空着肚子敬上帝或爱邻人。The boy worshipped his father. 这小孩崇拜他的父亲。She was blind to the silent worship in his eyes. 她没有发觉他眼里流露出的无声的敬慕之情。
worthwhile ['wK:Twail] a. 值得(做)的
wreath [ri:T] n.花圈, 花环, 花冠
wreck [rek] vt. 1.破坏, 毁坏2.造成…失事, 使遇难 n.1.失事, 失事船(或飞机), 残骸2.精神或身体已垮的人 【同】destruction; ruin; crash; breakdown 【例】I remained some little while, musing over these casual relics of antiquity, thus left like wrecks upon this distant shore of time. 我停留了一会儿,思绪围绕着这些残存的古迹,它们就这样如破船般遗弃在这遥远的时间之岸上。Have they found the wreck of the ship? 他们找到那艘船的残骸了吗? The ship was wrecked on the rock. 船在岩石上撞毁了。The train wrecked at midnight. 这列火车半夜出轨了。There is, however, a risk that we will wreck the environment so effectively that the world will no longer be an attractive place to live. 然而,我们也存在这样的危险:我们彻底毁坏了环境,以至于地球不再是一个吸引人居住的地方。
wrinkle ['riNkl] n.皱纹 v. (使)起皱纹 【同】furrow; twist; wither 【例】Old plants more wrinkles in the mind than in the fact. 老年在心灵上刻下的皱纹比在脸上的多。She's beginning to get wrinkles round her eyes. 她的眼角开始有皱纹了。He wrinkled up his forehead in perplexity. 他困惑地皱起了眉头。
xerox ['ziKrOks] n.&v.复印
yawn [jO:n] vi. 打呵欠 n.呵欠 【例】His long boring story made me yawn. 他的冗长的故事听得我直打呵欠。I gave a loud yawn, but he just kept on talking. 我大声打了个呵欠,可他还是不停地讲下 去。
yeast [ji:st] n.酵母 【例】Yeast must be used in producing wine. 制酒时必须使用酵母菌。
youthful ['ju:TfKl] a.年轻的,青年的 【例】No one can remain youthful forever. 没有人能永保青春。
zeal [zi:l] n.热心, 热忱, 热情 【同】enthusiasm; passion 【例】Zeal without knowledge is fire without light. 没有知识的热情等于没有光的火。She shows great zeal for knowledge. 她表现出强烈的求知欲。
zebra ['zebrK] n.斑马
zigzag ['zigz<g] a. 之字形的,曲折的 【例】There is a zigzag path in the garden. 花园里有一条之字形的小道。The path zigzags up the hill. 这条小道向山顶蜿蜒而上。


下一篇:unit 1